The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech

The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech


For the 3000+ Canadians that served. . . 🇨🇦️
Looking for help finding general orders for my Bronze Star W/V device was not on my DD-214 or revised DD-215 and DOD say they have no record of it. This is a page from after action report battle for Quang Tri Feb. 2nd 1968 TET Offensive my name highlighted. Any help would be appreciated E-mail address [email protected] RTO Gerry Gudinas A Co 1/12th 1st Cav Div. 67-68
I spent a year in Vietnam with the 498th Medical Company - Air Ambulance (aka, 498th Dust Off). The 498th Dust Off was operational in Vietnam from 1965 to 1971. It's mission was to transport wounded soldiers, and sick or injured civilians, to regional military medical facilities. Dust Off ships were crewed by a pilot, co-pilot, crew chief and medic. Dust Off ships carried no mounted weapons and the crews flew their missions without regard for weather, or terrain, or enemy fire. I created this video/slideshow as a tribute to the men I served with; those that came home and those that didn't. The video runs about 32 minutes and contains 378 images of soldiers who served with the 498th while it was in Vietnam. Many of these pictures are mine and the rest were sent to me for use on my page (498th Dust Off - Vietnam's Finest). The songs on the soundtrack run, more or less, chronologically from 1965 to 1971. I though your group might find this video of interest.
Dennis E. Bishop
RTO - 498th Dust Off
Lane Army Heliport
An Son, Republic of Vietnam
December 1969 to December 1970

World Premiere of the Documentary "BACK TO CHINA BEACH" raises $6,168.00 for "Veteran's Memorial Park Pensacola" ! Producers Mike Cotton , Dave Barnes , and Joe Gilchrist will be making a Formal Presentation in the near future . The Film is now on its National Tour to benefit Veteran's Organizations and other Select Non Profits . To get your Organization on the Tour Calendar Contact : Call / Text 850-384-1484 or Facebook Private Message . PLEASE SHARE
These archives contain beaucoup 1st-hand accounts of Vietnam vets who were in the fray "back when." Names are listed alphabetically, so maybe you know someone -- who was there and later got interviewed re their deployment. They say many vets don't like to talk about their war service, but here you are -- some do. C'est la guerre, mes amies/amis.
Freedom isn't free. Enough said.
Fiction We Were Soldiers Once and Young X-Ray part.

page references are from the hardback.

FICTION: Fabrication applies particular to a false but carefully invented statement or a series of

statements, in which some truth is sometimes interwoven,

the whole usually intended to deceive.

"The Greatest Hero" from "Sergio Aragon's GROO the wanderer. Marvel GROO 70 October 1990

"People everywhere are smitten- With a tale that is written.

Once a hero's deeds are known- They're as good as etched in stone.

Every word, folks take to heart- And think this makes them very smart.

Amazing how the very wise- Never stop to realize- That what they read may not be true-

It's but one person's point- of -view .

Now, though he may be quite a terror-

GROO will never make this error.

Not one lie will e'ar he read-

And find its way into his head.

All false writteings are deferred-

From he who cannot read one word.

Groo Moral: Even when the words are true the may not speak the truth Groo.

Can you make Col. Klink ( Hal G. Moore ) and Rambo the Reporter (Joe Lee Galloway ) into hero's?

Pages from the hardback.

We Were Soldiers Once And Young= FICTION

Lt. Col. Hal G. Moore was the Col. Klink, Custer of the war.

He knew nothing, nothing. About Air Assault. ( using helicopters as transport )

Page 17 Moore's new concepts & techniques were written in the 1950's FM 57-35 Army Transport Avation-

Combat Operations, 1963 FM 57-35 Airmobile Operations. by Officers he worked with? in 1957.

Moore in 1957 "I was in on the concept of Airmobility with Gavin, Norton, Seneff Williams".

With 2 1/2 years writing, 1 1/2 years training in Airmobile tatics in the 11Air Assault Division Test, for a total

of 4 years and yet he retained nothing about Airmobile tatics.

Hal G. Moore was in the R&D branch of Air mobility, his job was developing new airborne equipement and

synchronizing Army-Air Force requirements for airborne operations. It had nothing to do with AirAssault.

Hal G. Moore didn't even know they were writing the air assault manual 57-35 in 1957.

Page 37 Crandall "Moore wanted Aviation present, to be part of his Staff".

Moore, Crandall or his ALO had to coordinate the flight time from Plei Me to X-Ray, flight routes, fire support,

resuppy, Medevac Huey.

Moore couldnt plan the operation with out Crandall ( aviation ) present.

Page 60 As Crandall flared the huey to land at Landing Zone X-Ray Moore & his troops starts firing their


FM 57-35 There is no firing from the helicopter during flight, landing or any other time. Pity the troop to their

right a face full of hot brass, left ear drums ringing, brass on floor or getting caught in the Huey's controls

Hal G. Moore who had been listening to the battle of Landing Zone Albany on the radio voluntered for the 1st

Battalion 7th Cavalry to go to Columbus to guard the artillary.

So the 2nd Battalion 5th Cavalry could go and reinforce ALBANY.

MYTHS of The Ia Drang Valley Some Officers even Kinnard stated that Moore voluntered to go into ALBANY

but he didn’t.

And from Persons in the book, That Moore and Galloway write good about give in return and adds to the

MYTHS about the 1/7 and Moore.

One Reporter Bob Poos of Soldier of Fortune writes, that Moore and the 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry was the

ones who relived the Plie me camp.

Soldier of Fortune March 83 page 29-30 ARVN AMBUSH 3rd column last 2 paragraphs.

Plie Me did get relief- with a vengeance- from the 1st Cavalry Division.

Through a strange coincidance, the camp commander, Capt Harold Moore, Learned later that much of the

relief force was commanded by a name sake, Lt. Col. Harold Moore commander of the 1st Battalion 7th


When in fact it was my old unit the 2nd Battalion 8th Cavalry.

Capt George Forrest when he spoke to the Old Guard said Lt. Col. Moore was there on the ground floor in the

11AAD in 1963.( He has this wrong, it Robert McDade not Hal. G. Moore. McDade was one of the first chosen by

Kinnard in 1963.

So starts the myths about Lt. Col. Moore and the 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry.

Moore idea would cost time becouse the 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry would have to be to Columbus 4 hours,

Then the 2nd Battalion 5th Cavalry would have to be flown to Albany another 4 hours.

8 hours to renforce Albany?

So why didn’t Kinnard send the 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry to reinforce ALBANY?

They were probally to drunk? they had spent the day of the 17 in the Bars of Pleiku.

Page 287

The most outrageous LIE!

At Landing Zone Albany.

There on the dying enemy soldier something shiny. A big battered old French army Bugle.

FACT: This Bugle was captured at Landing Zone X-Ray and brought into Landing Zone Albany by the


From Pleiku by J. D. Coleman.


Larry Gwin " Remembers how Rick Rescorla, platoon leader of 1st Platoon, Bravo Company, came swaggering

into the tiny perimeter, toting an M-79( gr***de launcher ), an M-16 ( rifle ), and a BUGLE he had captured two

days before on X-Ray.

Leadership Principle 1.

Be Technically and Tactically Proficent To know you job thoroughly, you must posses not only specific

knowledge of its details but also a broad general knowledge concerning its area of intrest. You should be

competent in combat operations and training as well as in the technical and admimistrative aspects of your


If you demonstrate deficincies in these functions,your subordinates will lose confidance in you as a leader.

Moore is under the delusion he has come up with a new Air Assault tatic for the 1st lift.

This would doom his men. for the want of a nail, The 2nd Battalion 7th Cavalry.

As the Battle of Landing Zone X-Ray would grind up, The Troops, Helicopters and Artillary.

Making them unavalible for other units.

Leading to the walk to Landing Zone Albany by the 2/7.

What happend?

It would appear Moore would be the first one chosen by Kinnard for the 11 AIr Assault test, When it started

up in 1963 but he wasn't.

He had To write a letter to Major General Kinnard ( His Old Boss ) begging for a Infantry Battalion in the 11

air Assault Division. ( To get promoted or get kicked out. ) Moore "I was fighting to get a Battalion. "

The following, From the book. Hal Moore by Mike Guardia A Soldier Once .... And Always.

Like he did in Korea, Moore needed a combat command to get promoted to his next rank.

In Korea Moore claimed 14 months in combat. Fact less than 1 month in a combat position on the MLR.

Page 64 July 1, 1952 arrived in Korea.

1 week front line.

Was transferred to the heavy mortar company 2,800 yards behind the front line.

1 month with the mortars.

Page 69 Transferred to Regemental S-3.

Page 74 Moved to Koge Island.

Page 75 Assaisant Commander P.O.W camp.

Page77 January 23,1953. T -Bone Hill.

Moore learns he must command a combat unit to achive his next rank of Major.

Division Commander comes to see Moore,alone.

Page 78 Feb 4,1953 Moore assumed command K company 3rd Battalion, 17th Infantry.

Page 79 After " less" than one ( 1 ) month, in command of K company.

Moore was recalled to Division Headquaters to fulfill his role as the Assistant Division G-3.

Contunued from We Were Soldiers Once And Young

It wase'nt till 1964, 1 year after it started, he got the call.

He did'nt get one with the 11 Air Assault but instead was given a Infantry Battalion in the 2 infantry Division.

The 2nd Battalion 23rd Infantry.

Moore Had never commanded a Infantry Battalion before. Moore had no Battalion schooling.

But one of the hand picked officers by Kinnard in 1963 was Lt. Col McDade,

He was chosen for the G-1 spot, He would be given command of the 2nd Battilion 7th Cavalry around

November 7,1965 aproximately 10 days before the battle of Landing Zone Albany.

McDade Had never Commanded a Infantry Battalion before.


Moore was pi**ed he wasen't chosen by Kinnard in 1963, McDade was chosen in 1963.

Keep abreast of current military devolopements.

Moore "I thought up a new technique for the inital lift."

There are only two types of Air assaults.

Moore under the delusion he had come up with a new technique.

The ground Commander ( Moore ) must concider two general types of Airmobile assault when preparing the

ground tatical plan.

These types of assaults differ primarily in the proximity of the LZ to the assault objective.

The first and preferred type is the landing of the assault ehelons immediately on, or adjacent to, the


The secound type of assault involves landing a distance from the objective in a secure LZ, and requires

assembly, reorganization, and movement to an attack position prior to the assault on the objective.

Some simulare characteristics of Moore and Custer.

When no one wrote about them, They wrote their own Books.

Both were considered too Flamboyent, by fellow officers.

And not well liked.

George Armstrong Custer ( His men called him yellow hair ) Commander of the 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry at

the battle of the Little Bighorn.

The Indians would wipe Custers command group of the 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry out to a man.

Starting the Indian wars, The UNITED STATES would unite and almost wipe out all the Indians taking their

lands and putting them on Reservations.

LT.Col. Harold G. Moore ( His men called him yellow hair ) Commander 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry at the

battle of Landing Zone X-Ray November the 14,1965 Pleiku Provance of South Vietnam.

Moore's men with help from the reinforcement's ( Bco 2/7 ,2/5 saves Landing Zone X-RAY.

Starting the Vietnam war.

Which almost tears the United States apart.

Both Battles ( The Little Bighorn ) and ( Landing Zone X-Ray ) were fought by the 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry.

On a Sunday, In a Valley, By a River, In tall Grass and near a Large Mountian or Hill top.

Both Commanders were told the size of the enemy troops.

By their Scouts. But didnt belive them.

Scout to Custer "There is a very very large Indian camp down there." Custer "Where I dont see any camp"

Intelligence Lieutenant by radio to to Col. Moore 10 minutes befor lift off for LZX-Ray"There is 1500 enemy o

a PAVN Regiment near the Chu Pong mountain.

Moore that didn't really bother me.

Both the Commanders wanted to force the Enemy to stand and fight.

As the enemy's tatics were hit and run. Custer in the lead charges into the valley his troops behind

to cut off the Indians, So they couldn't escape on to the plains.

Moore in the lead Huey charges in to the Valley, His troop behind, he Moore would be the first one on

Landing Zone X-Ray, hopeing the North Vietnamese or the Viet Cong wouldn't excape in to the mountians

and into Cambodia.

Both would get their wish.

The Indians and North Vietnamese would send 1,000 or more men out to meet the 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry.

The Commanders then realized that the size of the enemy forces was true.

Their scouts were right

They were out numbered.

Both battles were defensive.

After the initial charge by the 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry, They would pull back, Circle the wagons and let the

enemy throw them selves at their defense's.

Custer couldn't get his reinforcements, They were a mile away cut off, Fighting their own battle, His supplies

were with them.

The 1st Battalion 7th Cavalry, Custers command was wiped out to the man.

Moore didnt have that problem "I had something Custer didn't, Reinforcements with in Hours.

Moore forgot to lay on supplies and water for his troops.

Moore's Men with the help of the Reinforcements ( Bco 2/7 2/5 ) save Landing Zone X-Ray.

Starting the Vietrnam War.

It would almost destroy the United States.


What happend to Moore's H-hour.

Moore get's his H- hour confused with the Attack time in the mission order.

H-hour in air assault terms is deifined as the time the lead helicopter touches down on the Landing Zone.

Moore puts the H-hour at H-1030.

He then gets word the Artillary cant fire until H-1017.

H-hour get delayed.

So that should make the new H-hour, H- 1100.

But Moore has made no increments in his assault plans.

Moore " I saw the splash of the WP round signaling the last round on X-RAY".( This means the assault group was

still at 2,000.' ) not at tree top as Crandall said. ( the WP takes 5 to 10 minutes to come to the tops of the Jungle folage. )

The Hueys are in a heavy left.

Moore ( who is in the lead Huey setting behind Crandall in the left seat the co-Pilots seat). page 58

The Pilot sets on the right side of the Huey, Mills's was setting there, leading the 1 lift assault flight.

Moore set foot on LZ X- Ray at H-1048, "13 minutes early".

Mills lift off time from Plie Me to X-Ray is also wrong 13 minutes and 15 secounds .

The correct time is 8 minutes. Landing time at X-Ray 1025 hours.

Page 58 Moore as they load the Hueys "what is the flying time from Plei Me to Landing Zone X-Ray"? 14.3


Page 37 Moore and Crandall plan an Air Assault.

Page 40 with a time table & failed to put down the flying time from Plei Me to Landing Zone X- Ray, with out

this information, How did they plan the Assault?

Page 58 Mills 13 min 15 sec. Page 59 Speed ( rate ) 110 knots this time will take them 25 miles away.

The correct time is 8 min.

Formula for Time is- Distance X 60 divide by Rate ( Speed ) 14.3 X 60 = 858 divide by 110 = 7.8 min = 8 min

time is rounded up to the nearest min.

Formula for Distance is rate ( Speed ) X time divided by 60 110 X 8 = 880 divide by 60 = 14.6miles = 15miles

miles is rounded up to the nearest 1/2 mile.

Using 7.8 min for time for the distance 110 X 7.8 = 858 divide by

60 = 14.3 miles, The distance from Plei Me to Landing Zone X-Ray.

We Were Soldiers Once And Young FICTION only to Lt. Col. Moore and Joseph L. Galloway's , Jack P. Smith

,Vincente Cantu,Larry Gwin, George Forrest.

The other enlisted men, Officers, Junior Officers of the 2/5, Bco 2/7 and 2/7 Battalion stories cannot be


Moore couldnt READ a MAP?

Page 30 November 9, 1965 Moore "What does the RED STAR that is on the intelligence map mean?"

The Red Star is not a military symbol its explanation should have been on the lower right side ( margin ) of

the map.

Moore " I had no doubt the 1/7 my Battalion would be chosen to mount the attack into the Ia Drang as the

2/7 had a new commander.

Fact!! " the 1/7 was closer to the objective then the 2/7 " and had nothing to do with the readiness of the

Battalions. (Gen.John J Tolson).

Page 17 Moore's new concepts & techniques were written in the 1950's FM 57-35 Army Transport Avation-

Combat Operations.1960's FM 57-35 Airmobile Operations.

By Officers he worked with?

Page 17 1957 Moore "I was in on the concept of Airmobility with Pentagon Reasearch and development


Moore "I was the 1st man in the Airborne Branch".

4 years writing and training in Airmobile tatics.

Yet Moore retained nothing about Airmobile tatics.

Page 41 Moore "I thought up a new technique for the inital lift".

There are only 2 types of Air assaults, This is the 2 one.

Page 37 Crandall "Moore wanted Aviation to be present, to be part of his Staff".

FM 57-35 Both the Ground Commander ( Moore ) and Aviation Commander ( Crandall ) or his ALO had to

coordinate>flight time from Plei Me to X-Ray, flight routes,resuppy.

Moore couldnt plan the operation with out Avation present.

FM 57-35 Key personnel are distributed among the aircraft of the lift so the loss of one aircraft does not

destroy the command structure.

Page 58 Moore and Crandall, and all of Moore's command post in the same Huey.

Page 59 The lift is flying at 110 knots.

FM 57-35 When different types of aircraft fly in a single lift, cruising speed of the slower aircraft must be the

controlling speed of the lift.

UH-1B's are Gunships fly at 80 knots, UH-1D's are Slicks 110 knots.

I ask Bco's 1/7 3rd Platoon Leader Dennis Deal, why didnt Moore lay on water for his men ( B co would be

on the LZ for over 4 hours ) and why he said it was not the Aviations job to haul out Wounded Troops?

B co's 1/7 3rd Platoon Leader Dennis Deal "dont ask me I knew nothing about Airmobile tatics."

Page 106 Moore we needed water, medical supplies and ammo.

Page 107 Bco 1/7 3rd Platoon Leader Dennis Deal by 3pm we ran out of water, the wounded kept begging

for water.

Page 145 November 15, 1965 at 6:20am Jemison shared his last drops of water.

Page 112 November 14, 1965 While all day long the Battalion Supply Officer was riding in and out of X-Ray

240# of water, medical, ammo not coming in, 1 Wounded troop not going out.

And Galloway came. 240# of water, medical, ammo not coming in.

Page 106 Hal G. Moore "Hauling Wounded,was not the slick crews job".

Field Manual 7-20 the Battalion Commanders handbook page 330 paragraph 378 Battalion aid station

page 331,when Helicopter ambulances are not available, other helicopters may be utilized.

Hauling wounded is the secondary mission of all military aircraft.

Page 63 Moore used his command Huey to haul out a non wounded POW.

Page 167 but none his wounded troops, Lt. Franklin terribly wounded was set aside to die.

Crandall "Hauling out wounded wasn't my units job."

Field Manual 1-100 Army Aviation 1963

Page 30 paragraph 58 supporting Aeromedical Evacuating Means

A. To the extent feasible,ALL Army utility and cargo aircraft are designed for use as air ambulances when


B. Augmentation aeromedical and air movement of patients is a secoundary mission for nonmedical aviation


D. Cargo aircraft are used for assault, support and logistical cargo and troop transport with in the battle area.

They may also be used for such specialized mission as refuling, resupply of ammunition to combat formations,


FM 1-100 Army Aviation The Command and Control Huey is to be used for Command and Control ONLY it

shouldnt be used for anyother purpose, like RESUPPLY.

A Medevac Huey was suppose to fly with the assault echelon ( 1st Lift ). Crandall was suppose ask for it.

Page 150 a wounded troop was stumbling toward the aid station,Joe Lee Galloway " stay away go back" what

was this soldiers thoughts, 20 feet from the aid station and treatment and told to stay away, by a reporter.

The soldier made it to the aid station much later.

( How long did he suffer, because he was chased away from the aid station by Joe Lee Galloway? )

FM 57-35 page 12 paragraph 24 supply 6 miscellaneous. a. probable water supply points are

predesingnated. and comes in with the fowllowing echelon.

FM 7-20 Battalion Commander's handbook. page 271 paragraph 313 returning aircraft may be used for the

evacuation of casualty's.

Galloway had no military service.


No one expects the Battalion Commander to act as a rifleman no matter how proficient he is.

As he does so.

who commands his battalion?

Who gives guidance to his Company Commanders, he is taking responsibility away from his men and not

meeting his own.

Page 34 Moore "I went to school on the Division Commander, authority must be pushed down to the man on

the spot.

Page 40 Moore "I personally to influence the action would be in the 1st Huey to land on X-Ray."

Page 60 Moore leading his command group clear a sector of X-Ray, on the way back to the LZ, meet the

troops who were suppose to clear that sector.

Page 73 Moore "I was tempted to join A co or C co's company's men"

Page 108 Moore "My operations Officer`& the Avaition Liason Officer had controlled all flights into X-Ray, I

then took control, every Huey coming to X-Ray must radio me for landing instructions.

Page 109 Crandall Moore was now a signalman at the far end of the LZ was standing up, directing us where

to land.

Page 109 The Brigade Commander had given Moore pathfinders.

Page 195 Moore "I personally lead the final counterattack to make certian that the Company Commander of

Bco 2/7 & his men did a safe, clean, job & to look for my Missing Troops.

Moore didnt bring in his execuitive Officer( 2nd in command ) to help run the battalion command post.

Page 39 Moore "we had never maneuvered in combat as a battalion"

Page 28 Moore the Battalion made 2 sweeps near An Khe.

Page 31 nov 9 Moore "We shuttled the Battalion in 16 Hueys"

Page 32 nov 9 Galloway "My first time out with Moores 1/7 Battalion".

Original story Solider of Fortune November 83 Page 25

Nov 9 Galloway "before nitefall Moore waved his battalion across a stream"

Each Huey could carry 10 Troops. 10 troops X 16 Hueys=160 Troops per lift.

Page 30 a enemy base camp.

Page 55 a radio transmision intercepted, estamated a N V regiment was near X-Ray.

Page 57 commo wire was seen 1/9.

Page 39 Moore puts only 80 men (5 per Huey) in the inital lift.

Page 57 riflemen extra ammo all they could carry.

Air Assault tatics emphasize maximum inital lift, to get maximum lift each huey carries minimum amount of

fuel + 30 min reserve, with refueling & ammo Points near the Pickup Zone.

Troops only basic load of ammo and web gear (intrenching tool, 2 canteens, bayonet and poncho and 1st aid

pack ).

Page 40 Moore "later lifts could carry more men 100 as fuel burned off".

Page 198 Rear area Operation Officer Dick Merchant "the Huey could carry 10 men."

Page 111 Winkle"I had a total of 16 men in my Huey".

Fourner "it was left up to each pilot how many men he carried" on later lifts I was carring 9-12 troops.

How it should have happened according to Air Assault Tatics Field Manul 57-35.

With only 16 Hueys weight is a factor, so the inital lift ( the assault echelon ) must contain sufficant Troops

to secure the Landing Zone.

The Alowable Cargo Load the ( ACL ) of each UH-1D for this mission should have been 3,000 pounds.

As its under 50 nautical miles ( only 14.3 miles to the objective ).

Using the Space method a space is defined as the weight of a fully combat equiped troop ( 240 pounds ) 10

Troops = 2,400 pounds per Huey.

Instead of 5 per Huey as Moore has done.

here is an example of how it should have been done according to FM 57-35

Page 39 B co 114 troops, A co 40 troops, Ground Commanders command group 6 for a total of 160 troops in

the 1st lift, instead of only 80 Troops.

Moore is suppose to know how a Huey works, in case of a crash and your the only one able to move. to shut

down the aircraft ( HUEY ).

Page 58 Crandall ( The Aviation Commander ) is starting the Huey from the left seat the co-pilot seat,

There is no starter on that side.

Page 58 Moore as they load the Hueys "what is the flying time from Plei Me to Landing Zone X-Ray"? 14.3


Page 37 Moore and Crandall plan an Air Assault.

Page 40 with a time table & failed to put down the flying time from Plei Me to Landing Zone X- Ray, with out

this information, How did they plan the Assault?

Page 58 Mills 13 min 15 sec.

Page 59 Speed ( rate ) 110 knots this time will take them 25 miles away.

The correct time is 8 min.

Formula for Time is Distance X 60 divide by Rate ( Speed ) 14.3 X 60 = 858 divide

by 110 = 7.8 min = 8 min time is rounded up to the nearest min.

Formula for Distance is rate ( Speed ) X time divided by 60 110 X 8 = 880 divide by 60 = 14.6miles = 15miles

miles is rounded up to the nearest 1/2 mile.

using 7.8 min for time for the distance 110 X 7.8 = 858 divide by 60 = 14.3 miles

The distance from Plei Me to Landing Zone X-Ray.

Page 188 A blazing flare under an unopened parachute hit the ammo dump, the Sgt.Major grabbed it with his

bare hands, it burns at 4,000 degrees, it needs the parachute to lite the candle.

1st Cavalry Division as the Division Commander Kinnard had to use the whole of the division resorces to

keep Lt. Col. Moore from losing Landing Zone X-Ray.

Kinnard "I violated a lot of priniples about how hard you work your guy's and how many hour's you fly your


"I literally flew the Blades off the choppers."

Joe Galloway Fiction.

Stories Part Fiction he embelished for them. U.S. NEWS and World Report Oct 29,1990.

Page 32 Fatal Victory Page 36 Vietnam Story.

ARTICLES Galloway Plagarized. U.S. News and World Report Oct 25, 93.

Page 45 Step by Step into a Quagmire SOURCE: Stanley Karnows Vietnam a History.

Pages 479-485. U.S. News and World Report Feb 4,1991.

Page 49 "Who's Afraid of the truth" .

SOURCE: Soldier of Fortune Dec 84 Page 104 Press Escorts by Fred Tucker. ( TUCKERS GORRILLAS ).

In the movie Randall portrays Galloway as a Reporter who pick's up a weapon only to protect the wounded.

BUT!!! Galloway was the most heavely armed Reporter in Vietnam.

-----------------------------Joe Lee Galloway " I got to Plei Me on the 23 oct 1965."

Page 32 Joseph L. Galloway Had wrangled a ride in to the Plie Me camp while it was under siege, and

becouse of the shortages of fighters found him self assigned to a .30 cal light machine gun.

With two other reporters.

After the battle was over Major Charles Beckwith hands Galloway an M-16 rifle( Government property),

Joe Galloway at a Green Beret camp his secound day in Vietnam is given a .45 cal grease gun for guard

duty. in the morning allmost shoots the camp cook coming to work.

Galloway told Beckwith, Strictly speaking, under the Geneva Convention he was "A civilian noncombatant."

As you see there is no logic.

Galloway has just spent 3 days manning a .30 cal machine gun killing PAVN troops and after the battle is

over decides he is a civilian noncombatant?


The question is why didn't Joe Lee Galloway join the service?

He was always to busy playing Soldier instead of being a Reporter.

He wanted to be at any battle he could get to, to record it, But when he get's there at the battle.

He start's to play Soldier.

You cant write or record History, While you busy playing soldier.

Of all the reporters in Vietnam, Galloway was the most danegerous to the Americian troops, in His Walter

Mitty and Rambo persona.

He had no idea what the soldier's job was, He as a reporter and could do what he wanted and go where he

wanted to at any time.

Joseph L. Galloway( Rambo the Reporter ) ROAMED all over VIETNAM, Killing as he pleased.

----------------------FICTION below. Joe Lee Galloway was with Gen. Knowles on the 14 Nov 1965, at An Khe.

Page 35 November 13,1965 Galloway hitched a ride from Pleiku to Catecha the 3 Brigade headquaters

Galloway " I dug a foxhole out on the perimeter with B company 1/7, Under one of those $50.00 tea bushes,

set out some spare! magazines ( M-16 ).


Galloway playing Soldier, It would have been better if he said I set out some spare film rolls. to record

events, his mind set is playing soldier.

Page 32 Galloway writes, " At first lite I pinched of a small piece of C-4 explosive from the emergency supply

in my pack and used it to boil up a canteen cup of water for coffee.

Walter Mitty part, If you lit C-4 very carefully you could be drinking hot coffee in maybe 30 secounds.

If you were careless it blew your arm off.

Fact C-4 is a very stable explosive, you burn it to destroy it, you must have a blasting cap to set it off.

If Galloway was so eager to receive the Bronze Star, Then he should be ready to pay the price for violating

the UCMJ. Conspiring to take a $500,000 Helicopter and stealing, receiving Military equipment, 1 M16 Rifle,

ammo, 1 Carl Gustaf.

I had to sign for all my equipment as all soldiers did and had to turn it in when I left.

As Joe Galloway wasn't suppose to be carrying arms as a reporter,Who did Galloway leave the M-16 with,

Does he have papers saying he turned it in?

The same with the Carl Gustaf, Where did he get it? Did he buy it, Pick it up on the Battlefield? Did he sell it

when he left? The Carl Gustaf would be considered Government property.

If he turned it in, Does he have the paper work to show it?


Joe Lee Galloway from If You Want a Good Fight Sept 1983, Joe Lee Galloway I got to Plei Me on the 21


From the River STYX Ken Burns Vietnam, Joe Lee Galloway "I got to Plei Me on the 23 Oct, 1965."

Fact:Joe Lee Galloway got to Plei Me on the ,24 Oct,1965.

Fact: There was only one reporter at Plei Me, Eddie Adams, He was there when the camp when the enemy

started the attack.

The pictures of Plei Me Joe Lee Galloway took, were on the 24 Oct. 1965, showing the battle debris.


Galloway conspired with a friend ( A Huey Pilot )into flying into Plei Me camp.

There were orders for all aircraft to stay out of the area, The friend went AWOL.

He and Galloway then stole a Huey and flew into Plei Me, Beckwith needed, medical, and ammo.

At Plei Me Major Charles Beckwith had put Galloway and 2 other Reporters on a machine-gun.


Beckwith gave Galloway an M-16 Rifle.

MYTH's: Page 156- 157 Vincent Cantu and Galloway meet during fierce attack on D and C company's.

Galloway was taking pictures. Vincent Cantu braved the fire and sprinted to where Galloway was.

TRUTH: Soldier of Fortune Sept 83 Page 28 Galloway writes "During a ( LULL!!)." I met Vincent Cantu this

was before the(skyhawk) naplmed the Command post.

MYTH's: Page 35 Galloway The plantation billed the U.S. $50 for each tea bush and $250 for each rubber


TRUTH: Soldier of Fortune Sept 83 Page 25 Galloway.

They billed U.S.$25 for each tea bush $125 for each rubber tree.

Galloway only left the safety of the Command Post During " LULL's " in the Battle, As soon as the firing

started up, He would headed right back to the Command post, Only took pictures of the dead and wounded.

Russell L. Ross [email protected]

1741 Maysong court

San Jose, Ca


phone number 1 408-520-4107
Hal G.H Moore spent only 12 day's in command of the mortars.
Hal G. Moore only spent 16 days in command of K company,
the rest of his time in Korea Was in S-3 and G-3.
As I Have said Hal G. Moore was illiterate in military tactics.

Hal G. Moore Korea

from A Soldier Once and Always by Mike Guardia

page 69

+Hal G. Moore " I had a platoon well forward of the Outpost Line of Resistance, to support a long range patrol.

page 70

Hal G. Moore " That mortar position took 79 incoming- one right through the FDC? ( bunker!-) no one

wounded and nothing went out of action.

Hal G. Moore "The four tubes ( mortars ) fired 854 High Explosive and 755 White Phosphorous ( WP )

Can you see the logistics of the troops, in
just setting up this position!

Created in 1989, The Vietnam Center and Archive is home to the largest collection of Vietnam related

See a short video about what we do, our storage facilities, digitization lab, and some of our great stuff:

Operating as usual


Happy Thanksgiving to 1/4 Cav, 1967

1st Battalion 4th Cavalry at NDP [night defensive position] along Highway 13 between Lai Khe and Chon Thanh. On Thanksgiving Day, the 1st Infantry Division band flew in on a CH-47 Chinook for a morale booster concert. Their helicopter blew down a lot of tents, and people went about putting tents back up as the band marched off and played their concert. Concert completed, the band marched back onto the Chinook and departed, blowing the tents down again in the process.
Ah, well, it's the thought that counts.

Item Creation Date: November 1967
Collection: Philip Varsel Collection
Item Number VAS047979


The Vietnam Center & Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive has been honored to preserve the history of the Vietnam War and the memories of the brave men and women who served for over 30 years. Today, we would like to take the opportunity to say Happy Veteran’s Day. Thank you, veterans, for your service and sacrifice.

Photos from The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech's post 09/23/2022

VNCA Launches New Search Tool for USMC History Division Collection (1201)

VNCA Staff recently completed a review of all 12,396 USMC History Division Collection documents, which contain a wealth of information related to activities of individual Marine Corps units in Vietnam. The range of documents includes monthly command chronologies, operation orders and reports, after action reports, etc., as well as logs of their daily activities and flight mission reports. For each item record we added a table of contents listing supplementary materials included in the document, and corrected records that inaccurately identified dates or unit.

The new USMC search tool is organized as an index of unit names. Clicking on a unit name opens a list of all the documents for that unit. Then click on a document name/link to go to that item record, then click the PDF icon to open the file to view the document.
USMC Unit Index:

These documents are also useful for those who served in other U.S. branches and other armed forces due to participating in combined operations, units providing supporting action, and military intelligence reports. Other units mentioned in these reports include other US military branches; Republic of Vietnam (RVN) Armed Forces, Regional Forces (RF), Popular Forces (PF); Republic of Korea (ROK), Australian, and New Zealand units; as well as PAVN/NVA and NLF/VC units.

The VNCA has many other materials related to USMC units in Vietnam, beyond the documents in this single collection. To find these other materials, please visit the Virtual Vietnam Archive and search for the unit name across all collections.
Virtual Vietnam Archive:
Video Search Tutorials (3-4 min. each):

For research assistance, please contact VNCA: [email protected] ; 806-742-9010.

Photos from The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech's post 09/21/2022

Vietnam Memorial Traveling Wall is currently in Lubbock at Texas Tech University's Memorial Circle

The Traveling Wall and the VNCA helicopters can be viewed 24/7 from now through Sunday, Sept. 25. There should be a designated honor guard at the memorial at all times. Closing Ceremony is at 3:00, Sept. 25.

The Traveling Wall is located on the north side of Memorial Circle of Texas Tech University, facing the Engineering Quad. Enter TTU campus from University Ave. onto Broadway Ave.

Two VNCA helicopters, the Huey and the Cobra, are parked along the street at the south side of Memorial Circle.

Day parking on TTU campus is restricted Monday-Friday, so the best times to visit the Traveling Wall will be before classes start in the morning (before 7:30 AM) or after the class/workday ends (after 5:30 PM).

We recommend that you avoid visiting on Saturday, Sept. 24, as there is a "sold out" home football game that starts at 2:30 PM and campus will have large crowds and no parking.

Photos are from the Opening Ceremony today, Sept. 21, at 1:00.

The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive: Events 09/19/2022

The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive: Events

VNCA / IPAC 2023 Conference Call for Papers and Panels
“1973: The Paris Peace Accords and the Allied Withdrawal from South Vietnam”
March 2-4, 2023
Location: Lubbock

The Vietnam Center & Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive and Institute for Peace & Conflict at Texas Tech University are pleased to announce a Vietnam War conference focused on the year 1973. This conference will approach a wide range of historical events and topics by hosting presenters who examine diplomatic, military, international, regional, social, cultural, and domestic aspects of the Vietnam War. We also seek presentations that reflect the recent and emerging scholarship on the policies, strategies, and decisions of the military, political, and diplomatic leaders of all nations involved as they sought to bring a successful conclusion to the war.

Please submit a 250-word abstract and separate two-page CV/resume to [email protected]. If submitting a panel proposal, please include separate abstracts for each proposed presentation and short CVs/resumes for each speaker.

Proposal submission deadline is December 1, 2022.

To view complete information on conference and call for papers:

The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive: Events Information about the events and conferences of The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive

Photos from The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech's post 09/16/2022

From the Vietnam Archive: LRP/LRRP Teams

During the Vietnam War, when conventional warfare tactics weren't proving enough to eliminate Communist insurgency, the U.S. Army implemented small unit operations to take a new kind of fight to the enemy. Five to six man Long Range Patrol teams (LRP or LRRP), composed of specially trained enlisted soldiers, went into enemy areas to gather intelligence on Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army units, capture POWs, or set deadly ambushes that unnerved the enemy in their once-thought-secure jungle sanctuaries."

What gear did LRRPs carry?

The following is from a letter by SSGT Jim Seymour, who served over in Vietnam for over 2 years (1967 to 1969) as a combat LRP/Ranger and team leader with the 1st Air Cavalry Division.

"22 Aug '68
Hi, Just thought a letter was in order to let you know that I'm all right and still kicking pretty hard.

We're still here at Quang Tri trying to help the Marines...Had a real good 21st birthday. Celebrated in the boonies with a cup of cocoa…Not quite the type of birthday I'd planned for so long.

Here's a list of all the gear I carried on the mission...If you can't figure it out, have Uncle Len translate. For a 6-day mission, and as team leader, I carried:

-12 LRRP rations
-10 qts. Water
-1 CAR-15 with 31 magazines
-1 M-79 gr***de launcher w/26 rds.
-1 PRC/25 radio w/short whip & spare battery
-5 frags (gr***des)
-1 ea smoke and white phosphorous gr***des
-1 compass, map, signal mirror, & signal panel
-1 .38 pistol w/50 rds.
-1 survival knife
-1 survival kit
-1 strobe light (night signaling)
-1 claymore mine (anti-personnel)
-2 trip flares
-1 1/2 lbs. C-4 (explosive)
-1 flashlight
-And last, but not least, the all-important 6 packs of Pall-Malls
I'd swear that my pack weighs more than I do."

From "In the Jungle….Camping with the Enemy" by W. James Seymour. Outskirts Press, 2014, ISBN: 9781478729839 (back cover ; pages 119-120)

View more LRP/LRRP materials in the Virtual Vietnam Archive:

The PACT Act And Your VA Benefits | Veterans Affairs 08/05/2022

The PACT Act And Your VA Benefits | Veterans Affairs

The PACT Act and Your VA Benefits:
2 New Vietnam Era AO Presumptives and 5 New Locations Added

We’ve added 2 new Agent Orange presumptive conditions:
• High blood pressure (also called hypertension)
• Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS)

We’ve added these 5 new locations to the list of presumptive locations:
1. Any U.S. or Royal Thai military base in Thailand from January 9, 1962, through June 30, 1976

2. Laos from December 1, 1965, through September 30, 1969
3. Cambodia at Mimot or Krek, Kampong Cham Province from April 16, 1969, through April 30, 1969

4. Guam or American Samoa or in the territorial waters off of Guam or American Samoa from January 9, 1962, through July 30, 1980

5. Johnston Atoll or on a ship that called at Johnston Atoll from January 1, 1972, through September 30, 1977

If you served on active duty in any of these locations, we’ll automatically assume (or “presume”) that you had exposure to Agent Orange

VNCA Note: Info above is copied from this VA webpage:

The PACT Act And Your VA Benefits | Veterans Affairs The PACT Act is a new law that expands VA health care and benefits for Veterans exposed to burn pits and other toxic substances. This law helps us provide generations of Veterans—and their survivors—with the care and benefits they’ve earned and deserve. This page will help answer your question...

Photos from The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech's post 07/15/2022

From the Virtual Vietnam Archive.....

The first photo is a pair of jungle boots that were worn one day in Vietnam. The boots in the other photos show varying degrees of weariness from doing their job.

A Vietnam veteran recently told me that it took 4 new pairs of boots to get him through his tour of "365 and a wake-up."


From the Virtual Vietnam Archive....4th of July message, 1970

To view the entire issue for 3 July 1970:
Southern Cross (Americal Division Information Office) - Chu Lai
Newspaper Item Number: 1387Newspaper611030
[Number of Pages: 8] Volume: 3 Issue: 24 03 July 1970
Collection: Americal Division Veterans Association Collection

Photos from The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech's post 04/30/2022

At the West Texas Salute to Veterans, Lubbock, Texas until 3:00 today. Talking with some great people today!

TTU's Masked Rider and Raider Red with VNCA's era Cobra and Huey helicopters.

And a tattoo courtesy of a Vietnam 1968-69 veteran.

The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive: Events 04/20/2022

The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive: Events

Joint 2022 Vietnam War Conference
"1972: The War Between North and South Vietnam"
March 31 - April 2, 2022
Orange, California

Co-sponsored by the Vietnam Center & Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive and the Institute for Peace & Conflict, Texas Tech University, and the War and Society Program, Chapman University.

This event featured 50 presentations by scholars, students, veterans, and other wartime participants.

Videos of the conference presentations and keynote speakers are now available online via the interactive conference agenda:

The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive: Events Information about the events and conferences of The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive


West Texas Salute to Veterans

April 30 @ Silent Wings Museum, Lubbock

The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech will be there all day with era items -- please stop by and say hello!


Our sincerest thanks and heartfelt appreciation to America's Vietnam Veterans and their families.

Fifty-seven years ago, America asked a new generation of our young men and women to answer the nation's call to duty. From the first U.S. Marines to arrive in Da Nang in March 1965 until the fall of Saigon in April 1975, more than 2.7 million Americans served in Vietnam and Southeast Asia in one of America's longest wars.

From all of us at the Vietnam Center & Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive, the Institute for Peace & Conflict, and Texas Tech University, we extend our sincerest thanks and heartfelt appreciation to America's Vietnam Veterans and their families. Today, as a nation, we celebrate and honor your service and sacrifice. For us at Texas Tech, it is our privilege to work with you and your families every day to help preserve your legacy so that a grateful nation will never forget.

With best wishes and our deepest gratitude on National Vietnam War Veterans Day!

For more information about the Vietnam Center & Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive:

For more information about the Institute for Peace & Conflict: sincerest thanks and heartfelt appreciation to America's Vietnam Veterans and their families.

The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive: Events 03/08/2022

The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive: Events

You are Invited to our
Annual Vietnam War Conference:
1972: The War Between North and South Vietnam

The Vietnam Center & Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive and the Institute for Peace & Conflict at Texas Tech University and the War
and the Society Program at Chapman University are pleased to invite you to join us in Orange, California, for our annual Vietnam War Conference: 1972: The War Between North and South Vietnam.

This event will take place in Orange, California, and will feature 50 presentations by scholars, students, veterans, and other wartime participants. Our keynote speaker with be Ambassador John Negroponte, a career foreign service officer, former Director of National Intelligence under President George Bush, and a major participant in the discussions surrounding the Paris Peace Accords in Vietnam in 1972-1973.

For more information, please visit:

The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive: Events Information about the events and conferences of The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive


Chúc Mừng Năm Mới / Year of the Tiger

In Vietnam, the Tet Holiday is a celebration of the Lunar New Year. One of 12 animals of the zodiac represents each year and 1 February 2022 ushers in the Lunar Year of the Tiger. Each animal year is further associated with one of five elements — wood, fire, earth, metal, or water – so more precisely, 2022 is the year of the water tiger.

The Tiger is a symbol of courage and bravery, wisdom and strength, ambition and leadership. While people born in the Year of the Tiger (1938, 1950, 1962, 1974, 1986, 1998, 2010) are considered to be confident and competitive, they can also be unpredictable and irritable.

Considered by Vietnamese people as the beginning of spring, Tet is also the most important of national holidays in Vietnam. It is filled with tradition, celebration, and time spent with family and friends. Everyone thoroughly cleans out the dirt and clutter of the old year so they can welcome a fresh start to the new year. Millions of people travel to celebrate the holiday with their families and to attract “good luck” with traditional foods, music, flowers, and entertainment. One of the best known symbols for Tet is the gifting of red envelopes with "li xi" – lucky money – to children.

From all of us at the Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive, we wish all of you a Happy New Year! Chúc Mừng Năm Mới!

(image courtesy of


From the U.S. National Archives & Records Administration (NARA)

Update on Availability of Vietnam Era (1956-1978) US Navy Deck Logs (revised 1-13-22))

On August 9, 2019 the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) entered into an agreement to digitize the Vietnam-era US Navy and Coast Guard deck logs from 1956 through 1978.

Some of the Navy deck logs already available using the Catalog are listed on the web page Navy Deck Logs Available in the National Archives Catalog. This list is arranged by name of ship and thereunder by year. Clicking on the hyperlinked year will take you to the digitized deck logs for that ship and year.

Other Navy logs are available in the Catalog, but are not listed yet on that web page. To locate these logs, go to the Catalog description for Logbooks of U.S. Navy Ships and Stations, 1941 - 1983 in the Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel (Record Group 24) (National Archives Identifier 594258).

Navy Deck Logs Available in the National Archives Catalog:

Read the full update:

Photos from The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech's post 12/25/2021

Happy Holidays From the Archive:

Seasons Greetings, December 1968
USMC HMMT-302, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing

(Tim Fortner Collection - 2833)

Photos from The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech's post 12/23/2021

Happy Holidays from the Archive:

From a recently digitized collection, these holiday cards and letters were sent by 4th graders in Rutland, Vermont, to Lieutenant Jack Young while he was serving with River Patrol Boat River Division 531 in December 1969.


Want to see if the VNCA has issues of your unit's newspaper?

Related to our previous post of the Charger newspaper, if you'd like to see what unit newspapers we have received, view our Periodicals list - each title links to the item records for the individual issues we have in the archive. Not all of our unit newspapers are digitized, but each does have its own item record so you know which issues we have for each title.

List of periodical titles in the VNCA holdings:

The Periodicals list includes Newspapers, Serials (Magazines), Newsletters, and Comic Books. To view just one category click on , and then click on the category to view only those titles.

Or to search for your publication you can type the title in the Filter Results field. For example, search for Cannoneer (7 issues) or "Ivy Leaf" (22 issues) -- use "double quote" marks around multiple words for a more exact search.

Regarding future digitization - we plan to apply for a grant in the next few years to digitize all of our unit newspapers, so they can all then be read online!

Donating unit newspapers - if you or your organization have physical copies you'd like to donate to the archive, please send details to

Photos from The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech's post 12/16/2021

From the Archive:

VNCA is fortunate to have received recent donations of newspapers for U.S. units in Vietnam - but there are many many units still not represented in the archive!

A snapshot of what was going on 50 years ago, this 17 December 1971 issue of Charger (Vol. 1 No. 1 ; 196th Infantry Brigade, DaNang, Vietnam) is the only unit newspaper VNCA has for December 1971.

According to the lead article, the Chargers recently regained "independent status" as a separate brigade, reporting directly to HQ XXIV Corps. (It had been part of the 23d Infantry Division (Americal) since 1967.)

Other article highlights in these 8 pages include: photos from LZ Linda (1st Bn 46th Inf ; Battery B 3D Bn 82nd Arty), American Red Cross services, combat trackers, cookouts in the field to raise morale, photo spread of the computers and operators of the Brigade Supply Center and other services of Support Battalion, "Miss Charger," the drug program (part of the "new anti-drug offensive"), and the 3rd Military History Detachment.

Americal Division Veterans Association Collection (Item#: 1387Newspaper611114)
To view online:

Photos from The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech's post 12/01/2021

From the Archive:
Circa 1966-1967 - Roadside sign at TSN (Tan Son Nhut Airport or Air Base) with multiple destinations -- so read quickly as you go by! -- along with images of some of the Saigon BOQs/BEQs listed (Bachelor Officer Quarters / Bachelor Enlisted Quarters). In Saigon these were frequently repurposed hotels.

Photos from The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech's post 11/24/2021

Thanksgiving Day 1968 - Lai Khe, Vietnam, C Co. 701st Maintenance Company
(Philip Varsel Collection)


VNCA Volunteer Transcription Project!!

The Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive (VNCA) is pleased to announce that a new project has been added to our Volunteer Headquarters: document transcription is now available!

If you like reading and working with era documents, please help make them more accessible by typing transcripts of:

 Letters and diaries written by service members and their families
 Unit documents like after action reports, daily staff journals, and operation orders
 Project CHECO reports
 Other documents as the project progresses

When documents are handwritten or have hard to read typed text, it is difficult for researchers to both find them and read them. Cursive is no longer being taught in many schools, so younger generations cannot even read many of the archive's letters and diaries. Not only do you get to interact more closely with era documents, but your help with transcription makes documents both word searchable and easier to read, so they instantly become more accessible to researchers.

Working together we can make Vietnam War related materials easier to find and to use.

Please join and get started today!!

VNCA Volunteer Headquarters:

(The Image Captioning project is also still available!)

Videos (show all)

Thanks For Your Service.





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