PSYCHPREP

PSYCHPREP offers psychology licensure preparation programs for the EPPP and CPLEE.

PSYCHPREP offers a variety of study options for the EPPP and CPLEE including seminars, workshops, home-study programs, audio mp3s, and a comprehensive online testing program. Dr. Jablon and a team of educational consultants continue to develop, revise, and improve the study materials and online practice exams. PSYCHPREP has a 20-year track record of success, and has helped thousands to pass the EPPP and CPLEE.

Operating as usual

03/12/2024

A common phenomenon that occurs for many Americans is an increase in heart rate while hearing "The Star Spangled Banner." This is best explained by:

1. classical conditioning
2. operant conditioning
3. observational learning
4. superstitious behavior

01/24/2024

Check out PsychPrep's Test-Taking Strategy Checklist! Refer to this while you take test questions.

12/06/2023

Try this question:

For a person to be diagnosed with Tourette’s disorder they must present with:

1. at least one vocal tic.
2. at least one motor tic.
3. multiple vocal tics and at least one motor tic.
4. multiple motor tics and at least one vocal tic.

11/07/2023

Try this question!

During which stage of sleep do sleep terrors occur? During which stage of sleep do nightmares commonly occur?

1. Non-REM sleep; REM sleep
2. REM sleep; Non-REM sleep
3. Both occur during REM sleep
4. Both occur during Non-REM sleep

08/10/2023

Try this sample question:

A person with lesions in the parietal lobe is most likely to exhibit problems with:

1. sensation
2. balance
3. vision
4. language

08/04/2023

Click to see the answer to this sample question

You reinforce a behavior on the average every fifth time it occurs. This is an example of a:

1. fixed interval schedule.
2. variable interval schedule.
3. fixed ratio schedule.
4. variable ratio schedule.

Commentary: This question requires careful reading as well as understanding of the differences between fixed and variable schedules, and between interval and ratio schedules. When a schedule is fixed, reinforcement is consistent; when a schedule is variable, reinforcement is unpredictable. The words “on the average” indicate a variable schedule (ruling out Responses 1 & 3). With interval schedules, reinforcement occurs based on the passage of time (e.g., every five seconds, five minutes, five days, etc.) (ruling out Response 2). With ratio schedules, reinforcement is based on the occurrence of the behavior (e.g., every five times a child makes her bed) (Response 4, correct answer).

08/02/2023

Try this sample question:

You reinforce a behavior on average every fifth time it occurs. This is an example of a:

1. fixed interval schedule.
2. variable interval schedule.
3. fixed ratio schedule.
4. variable ratio schedule.

07/27/2023

Click to see the answer to this sample question:

Which of the following best describes primary prevention?

1. Early identification of and intervention with a disease
2. Reduction of disability associated with an illness
3. Reduction of the incidence of a disorder
4. Community-wide education and encouragement for behavior change

Primary prevention attempts to prevent the onset of a disorder, thereby reducing the incidence of a disorder (i.e., number of new cases) (Response 3, correct answer). For example, vaccinations are given to prevent the onset of diseases. Early identification of and intervention with a disease characterizes secondary prevention (ruling out Response 1). For example, the purpose of a mammogram is to catch breast cancer as early as possible. Tertiary prevention involves minimizing the impact of a chronic condition to improve functioning (ruling out Response 2). For example, the goal of Alcoholics Anonymous meetings is to prevent relapse. Community-wide education and the encouragement of behavior change could be involved in any type of prevention (ruling out Response 4). For example, discouraging smoking altogether would be primary prevention, while education about early warning signs of diabetes would be secondary prevention.

07/26/2023

Sample question:

Which of the following best describes primary prevention?

1. Early identification of and intervention with a disease
2. Reduction of disability associated with an illness
3. Reduction of the incidence of a disorder
4. Community-wide education and encouragement for behavior change

07/03/2023

Study tip!

MAKE IT REAL. Once you've simplified the question and the answer choices, make the situation real. Use tangible examples to create a clear picture. If you are unable to answer or articulate what a choice means then you have not clarified it enough.

06/27/2023

Click to see the answer to this sample question

It has been found that some normally involuntary responses can be modified with operant conditioning. This finding has most significant implications for the treatment of:

1. kleptomania.
2. tic disorders.
3. sexual paraphilic disorders.
4. psychophysiological disorders.

Rationale: This question refers to the significant effects that biofeedback has on helping people gain control of normally involuntary functions, such as heart rate or blood pressure. If you did not know that operant conditioning of involuntary responses alluded to biofeedback, you could still get to the correct answer through process of elimination. First, the question is asking about “involuntary responses” which allows us to eliminate kleptomania and sexual paraphilic disorders (ruling out Responses 1 & 3). Second, the question mentions the “most significant” implications. The motor and vocal tics present in tic disorder are involuntary, and biofeedback can be an effective treatment. Psychophysiological disorders refer to any disorders with a psychological and physiological component (e.g., chronic pain, IBS, insomnia, hypertension, and tics) making Response 4 the correct answer because using biofeedback to treat a whole range of psychophysiological disorders is most significant (ruling out Response 2).

06/22/2023

Try this EPPP practice question!

It has been found that some normally involuntary responses can be modified with operant conditioning. This finding has most significant implications for the treatment of:

1. kleptomania.
2. tic disorders.
3. sexual paraphilic disorders.
4. psychophysiological disorders.

06/21/2023

Follow these core test-taking steps every time you answer an EPPP question!

06/21/2023

Click to see the answer to this sample question:

A researcher is investigating the effects of type of therapy on self-report of symptom improvement. Symptom improvement is measured on a scale of 0 (no improvement) to 10 (completely cured). Types of therapy include psychodynamic, cognitive, and behavioral. In deciding between using a one-way ANOVA or three t-tests, the researcher should be most concerned about:

1. type I error.
2. the lack of a control group.
3. the number of subjects in each group.
4. possible violations of homoscedasticity.

Rationale: This question includes a lot of extraneous information that should be ignored. Basically, it is asking why an ANOVA is preferred to multiple t-tests. Each t-test used adds more chance of Type I error. For example, if ten t-tests are used (with alpha set at .05 for each), the experiment-wise alpha is a whopping .50 or 50%. In contrast, using one ANOVA keeps the experiment-wise alpha at .05 or 5% (Response 1, correct answer). This is a prototype question statistics question; once you know that running multiple tests increases the chance of Type I error, you will be able to answer any question related to this concept (e.g., that a single MANOVA is preferred over multiple ANOVAs). As parametric tests, the t-test and ANOVA share the assumption of homoscedasticity (ruling out Response 4). While a control group allows you to isolate the effect of an independent variable, and sample size affects power, the question specifically asks about the benefit of an ANOVA over multiple t-tests (ruling out Responses 2 & 3).

06/14/2023

Try to answer this sample question:

A researcher is investigating the effects of type of therapy on self-report of symptom improvement. Symptom improvement is measured on a scale of 0 (no improvement) to 10 (completely cured). Types of therapy include psychodynamic, cognitive, and behavioral. In deciding between using a one-way ANOVA or three t-tests, the researcher should be most concerned about:

1. type I error.
2. the lack of a control group.
3. the number of subjects in each group.
4. possible violations of homoscedasticity.

06/13/2023

Study Tip:

Initially ignore no part of the question; consider every part as potentially important. However, after consideration, decide if part of the question is extraneous and distracting.

06/13/2023

Click to see the answer and explanation!

Children whose parents are authoritative are likely to evidence what pattern in relating with their peers?

1. High responsiveness and high handedness
2. Low responsiveness and high handedness
3. High responsiveness and low handedness
4. Low responsiveness and low handedness

Answering this question requires distinguishing between the different kinds of parenting (e.g., authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive), defining responsiveness (reacting quickly and positively), and determining whether high-handed sounds positive or not. Authoritative parents are caring, emotionally available, firm, fair and reasonable. They are distinguished from authoritarian parents, who emphasize total obedience and are punishment focused, and permissive parents, who are loving but don’t establish rules. Children of authoritative parents generally evidence the best psychological adjustment. They become confident, competent, cooperative, at ease socially, and independent. They are generally responsive, and do not demonstrate high handed (arbitrary, dictatorial) behavior (Response 3, correct answer). Children of both permissive and authoritarian parents tend to be aggressive, impulsive, immature, and have poor self-control. They tend to be much less responsive and tend to resort to high handed behavior (ruling out Response 2). Responses 1 & 4 are not characteristic of children of authoritative, permissive, or authoritarian parents.

06/09/2023

Try this sample question!

Children whose parents are authoritative are likely to evidence what pattern in relating with their peers?

1. High responsiveness and high handedness
2. Low responsiveness and high handedness
3. High responsiveness and low handedness
4. Low responsiveness and low handedness

06/06/2023

Study Tip:

For questions with unfamiliar words or phrases, push yourself to understand. Consider related concepts or terms. If you simply cannot understand a word or phrase, make an educated guess about what it means. You can use context clues, how the word sounds, or your understanding of a part of the word. Remember, you know a lot more than you think.

05/08/2023

Click to see the answer to this EPPP practice question

Which of the following statements about attitude change is least correct?

1. To produce attitude change, it can take only one person to disagree with the group.
2. Attitude change is more likely to occur through direct participation than through listening to a discussion.
3. A privately held belief is less likely to be changed than one that is publicly held.
4. A person who is strongly affiliated with a group is less likely to change their attitude toward the group even when confronted with information that conflicts with the norms of the group.

Commentary: Keep in mind that this question is asking for the least correct statement. A publicly held attitude is more resistant and less subject to change than one that is privately held (Response 3, correct answer). For example, if you have publicly announced that you are pro-life, even if privately you change your attitude, the need to maintain your image would make you less likely to express this publicly. Even a single dissenter from group opinion can sometimes trigger attitude change in others which is why when groupthink occurs in a highly cohesive group, the group benefits from having someone play devil’s advocate (ruling out Response 1). Another example is that one juror can sway the opinion of the entire jury. Attitude change is more likely to occur if one is directly participating in a process rather than listening to a discussion (ruling out Response 2). For example, listening to a discussion about the importance of having an effective test-taking strategy for the EPPP may not do much to change your attitude. But, if you actively engaged with the strategy, you would be more likely to see its effects, thus leading to attitude change. Members who are strongly affiliated with a group are most resistant to information that counteracts the group’s norms (ruling out Response 4).

05/05/2023

EPPP Practice Question:

Which of the following statements about attitude change is least correct?

1. To produce attitude change, it can take only one person to disagree with the group.
2. Attitude change is more likely to occur through direct participation than through listening to a discussion.
3. A privately held belief is less likely to be changed than one that is publicly held.
4. A person who is strongly affiliated with a group is less likely to change their attitude toward the group even when confronted with information that conflicts with the norms of the group.

05/05/2023

EPPP study tip:

If the question is asking for the response that is "false," "not true," "least accurate," or "incorrect," reframe the question in your head before you review the responses. Remind yourself that three of the responses are true statements and one is false. The correct answer is the false statement.

04/27/2023

Try applying Tuesday's study tip to this sample question:

Withdrawal from all of the following substances can lead to autonomic hyperactivity, seizures, and even death except:

1. co***ne.
2. va**um.
3. alcohol.
4. phenobarbital.

04/25/2023

Study Tip:

For questions asking "all...except" (whether "all of the following are true except" or "all of the following are false except"), pick the one item that is different or doesn't belong.

04/20/2023

Click to see the answer to this sample question!

Performance on which of the following tasks is likely to be enhanced by being observed?
1. Routine tasks
2. Difficult tasks
3. Novel tasks
4. Atypical tasks

Commentary: This question is referring to social facilitation, or the tendency for individual task performance to be enhanced by the mere presence of others, which occurs during simple or familiar tasks (Response 1, correct answer). Social inhibition, by contrast, occurs when task performance is compromised by the presence of others and occurs during novel or difficult tasks. TIP: A novel task and an atypical task are virtually identical (ruling out Responses 3 & 4). Additionally, atypical and novel tasks are more likely to be difficult (ruling out Response 2).

04/19/2023

Try this EPPP sample question:

Performance on which of the following tasks is likely to be enhanced by being observed?

1. Routine tasks
2. Difficult tasks
3. Novel tasks
4. Atypical tasks

04/18/2023

Study Tip!

Since there cannot be two correct answers to a multiple-choice question, eliminate responses that are virtually identical.

03/02/2023

Click to see the answer to our sample question

Which of the following interventions is based on classic conditioning techniques?

1. The Premack Principle
2. Escape conditioning
3. Sensate focus
4. In-vivo modeling

Commentary: Clinical interventions that are based on classical conditioning involve unlearning previous problematic connections through use of counterconditioning or classical extinction. Counterconditioning is based on reciprocal inhibition (i.e., the notion that two incompatible responses cannot exist simultaneously), while classical extinction involves presenting the conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus. Sensate focus uses counterconditioning (Response 3, correct answer). Pleasure is the counterconditioning response that works to inhibit sexual performance anxiety. The Premack Principle is based on operant conditioning in that enjoyable behaviors are used to reinforce less enjoyable behaviors (ruling out Response 1). Escape conditioning, which is based on principles of operant conditioning occurs when a person can leave an undesirable state (e.g., getting a punishment to stop) by performing a desired behavior (ruling out Response 2). In-vivo modeling entails a person observing a live model who engages with a feared object or anxiety producing situation. This intervention is based on social learning (ruling out Response 4).

02/28/2023

Sample question:

Which of the following interventions is based on classic conditioning techniques?

1. The Premack Principle
2. Escape conditioning
3. Sensate focus
4. In-vivo modeling

02/24/2023

Study Tip:

During most of the study process, until you are within a few weeks of testing, we suggest you take as much time as needed for each test question. Over time, as both content mastery and test-taking skills improve, it will take less and less time to answer each test question.

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Videos (show all)

Check out this clip from our EPPP Mastery Workshop. Dr. Sharon Jablon shows how to effectively use test-taking strategy ...

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