Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice Policy

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The Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice Policy's (CCCJP) main objective is to promote the use of forensic science to support the administration of criminal justice in Uganda.

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Stuck with a forensic issue? Don't worry! Help is here! Get answers to your investigations/case for free!


Many lawyers are only trained in law and forensic scientists in only sciences. The communication gap between lawyers and forensic scientists needs to be bridged to improve criminal justice delivery!



Daniel Adyera lectures forensics, criminology & law in Kampala, and is the Director of the Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice Policy (CCCJP), an independent think tank advancing the use of forensic science in the administration of justice in Uganda.

Daniel is a passionate advocate for the passing of the DNA Bill in Uganda, which does not yet have a DNA database or policy framework regulating the field.

After studying in London and teaching law to inmates and prison staff at a Women Maximum Prison in Uganda, Daniel realised that it was next to impossible to challenge an expert witness evidence without understanding forensic science, so he returned to The Netherlands to get a master in Laws in Forensics & Criminology.

He could then return to Uganda to bridge the forensics and justice gap, by founding the CCCJP. Daniel says, “The most rewarding thing about my job is helping indigent persons and lawyers with forensic legal guidance.”

Daniel Adyera is a great asset to the criminal justice system in his country and we are calling on others in Uganda to join him in creating more awareness around the importance of DNA!

Daniel Adyera we look forward to following your progress! Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice Policy


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"Forensic Science has the power to prove innocence [or guilt], but when it's stretched beyond its valid limits or misrepresented, innocent people can be wrongfully convicted"-Innocence Project


We commenced our classes today!

Visit us at: www.bit.ac.ug for more information and how to apply!


Characteristics of "white-collar" criminals: Wealthy yet extremely greedy, socially and politically connected, talks ethics yet acts immoral, often in a position where the police is reluctant to start investigations and in court, they behave in a manner attracting public sympathy and understanding.

Study Criminology and Forensic Investigations with us!

Apply for a Cert. in Forensic Investigations. Deadline is 4th February 2022. Classes start on 7th February!

Apply directly at: www.bit.ac.ug/study-at-bit/how-to-apply.html


Are you a lawyer, judge, law enforcement personnel, private investigator or considering a career in investigative work?

Do you wish to learn about how scientific principles are applied in complex criminal investigations?

Then don't be left out!
Apply today from our website: www.bit.ac.ug or call 0753784438 / 0789268032 for further details.

Photos from Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice Policy's post 22/12/2021

Are you considering a career change or advancement of your knowledge in criminal intelligence, analysis and forensic investigations? Are you a enthusiast? Do you want to understand how science is applied to legal matters?

Apply for our January 2022 intake using the link: https://bit.ac.ug/courses/short-certificate-courses.html

Visit our website: www.bit.ac.ug or call 0789168032/0753784437/0760152398 for further inquiries!


Forensic (scientific) Evidence such as finger prints, questioned documents, DNA, ballistics and fi****ms etc are admissible at criminal trials in Uganda under s.43 of the Evidence Act. Such evidences highly influence judicial decisions at criminal trials. Because they are always tendered in by the state (prosecution), their evidentiary value is in many cases grossly overstated and often without rigorous defense challenge. Boost your criminal defense now! Speak to a qualified Forensic Legal Advisor for your case today!

Don't get (your client) locked up for lack of forensic guidance and advise!

Contact Us for more details and let's get you a Forensic Advisor to boost your case.


How much do you know about the emerging influence of neurosciences in modern legal systems?

Neurotechnology is rapidly changing the crimino-legal landscape in an unprecedented manner. The fast growing fields of Neurocriminology and Neuroforensics are offering new insights into criminal justice. Neurobiological and neuropsychological evidences are increasingly used by defense lawyers to bolster their defenses and prosecutors especially during sentencing to reinforce belief that the convict is likely to recividate.

How does this technology work?
With the emergence of functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and other techniques such as Electroencephalograph (EEG), it is now possible to see inside the brains of individuals without harming them and correlating what is seen in their physical brain with the subjective mental state. Neuroscience is now being used in cases such as: R**e, Kidnapping, Fraud, Burglary, etc.


Organizational fraud is a form of organizational crime steadily becoming popular in Uganda. Fraud involves acts of misrepresentation and deception for any gain, personal or financial. Which party do you think should be held liable for such crimes? The organization or its employee(s)?

Organizational Criminology offers some insights into this debate. Is your organization’s structure criminogenic (rotten basket)? Or Do you just have rogue employees (bad apples)? The story of Nick Leeson (The Rogue Trader) and Baring Bank is quite informative. You can find the brief story here: https://www.crimeandinvestigation.co.uk/crime-files/nick-leeson-rogue-trader and contribute to the debate.


As we condemn all acts of political violence in Uganda, there is need for justice through accountability and provision of psycho-social support services for victims.


Cesare Lombroso's Criminal Ativism theory: Do "bad guys" in movies prove him right?

Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909) is one of the many "fathers of modern criminology". In his "Criminal Atavism" theory, he claimed that criminals could be identified by their physical anomalies such as: a slopping forehead, ears of unusual size, asymmetry of face, excessively long arms among others. He added that they are insensitive to pain, lack remorse, moral sense and are very impulsive. Many criminologists went to to criticize this theory as unreliable for criminal identification. However, many Hollywood has associated and depicted "criminals" and "bad guys" in their movies with similar physical features and characteristics. Have you considered a career in Criminal psychology and Criminal Profiling?Can you identify a criminal if you saw one? How would you do it? What criteria would you use?

Photos from Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice Policy's post 02/07/2020

Forensic Ballistics and Fi****ms Investigations.

Technically, ballistics refers to the study of a bullet’s path ejected from a firearm, through air into a target. In criminal investigations however, it’s generally used to denote fi****ms identification, the process of matching recovered bullets and casings from a crime scene or from a victim. Calvin Goddard is considered the ‘father’ of forensic ballistics.

Bullets and their cartridges are identified by caliber and length. Caliber is the measure of diameter of the cartridge. They are usually measured in hundredths of an inch e.g a 0.45 caliber cartridge measures 45/100 of an inch in diameter. Bullets are composed of lead, copper or a concoction of various metals. The head stamp (bottom of the cartridge casing) helps to identify the caliber and the manufacturer e.g Harrington & Richard revolver of W9948 serial number.

How are bullet comparisons done?

The inner surface of the barrel of a gun leaves its markings called ‘striations’ created by the ‘land’ and ‘grooves’ (rifling) impressed on a bullet while passing through it. These markings are different for each gun. No gun, even those made by the same manufacturer, has similar imperfections created during the manufacturing process. Supposing an ‘evidence’ bullet shot from a ‘crime’ gun is found at the scene of a crime or extracted from the victim, it is carefully examined by a trained fi****ms expert who notes its unique characteristics. Experts compare these bullet characteristics since gun manufacturers use different rifling techniques whose impressions are left on bullets. Particularly, they look at the caliber, manufacturer, number of lands and grooves, their width and length, depth, pitch and twist. These characteristics are stored in a database for future comparison with a ‘suspect’ gun. With different ‘suspect’ guns a ‘test’ bullet can be shot through a ‘suspect’ gun, examine and compare it's characteristics with the ‘evidence’ bullet.

Expert conclusion:
If after expert examination and comparison the ‘test’ bullet shot through the ‘suspect' gun’ has no similar characteristics with the ‘evidence’ bullet extracted from the victim or that was found at the scene of crime, the conclusion is that, that ‘suspect’ gun is excluded as a possible ‘crime’ gun. However, if after expert examination and comparison the ‘test’ bullet shot through the ‘suspect gun’ has similar characteristics with the ‘evidence’ bullet, the conclusion is that the ‘suspect’ gun is considered the ‘crime’ gun or the gun that was used to wound or kill the victim. But this conclusion does not mean that the owner of the gun is the one who shot the victim. It is only conclusion that his/her gun was used in committing crime. Other pieces of evidence will also be considered to prove if he/she was actually the one that pulled the trigger.


Forensic Accounting

Famous financial scandals such as those involving Enron, Barings Bank, WorldCom and Global Crossing cast negative light on accountants and the accounting profession. However, these scandals created jobs for forensic accountants and promoted the discipline. Until the late 1940's, little was known about “forensic accounting”. Frank. J. Wilson (May 19 1887-June 22 1970) is credited as the father of forensic accounting in the 1930's. He was famous for the Federal Income Tax Fraud Investigations on behalf of the US Internal Revenue Services which led to the prosecution of the infamous Al Capone also known as "Scarface" in 1934. Maurice E. Peloubet is another famous figure in forensic accounting.

Forensic Accountants also referred to as Forensic auditors or investigative accountants, play critical roles in the investigations and prosecution of financial fraudsters. With their professional skills and knowledge, they offer expert witness testimony at criminal trials in cases involving but not limited to money laundering, theft, tax evasion, insurance fraud and other related financial cases.

Besides qualifying as an accountant, core investigative skills, experience and attitude are among the essentials to becoming a forensic accountant. For example, skilled forensic accountants use the “Fraud Triangle” to identify weak spots in an organization’s or business’ system to unearth possible fraud suspects. The triangle consists of 3 core concepts believed to create ripe situations for fraud namely: "Incentive", "Opportunity" and "Rationalization". Further research suggested an addition of "Capability", to create a “Fraud Diamond”. The argument is that just because someone has the incentive, opportunity and has decided to commit fraud (rationalization) does not mean that they are capable or have the means to do so.

Have you considered enrolling for a Forensic Accounting Certification course?


Introduction to Forensic Sciences

Forensic sciences refer to the application sciences to solve legal problems. There are many forensic science specialties used in criminal investigations. These include among others:
Forensic DNA profiling, Forensic Accounting, Forensic Psychology, Forensic Psychiatry, Forensic Toxicology, Forensic Fingerprinting, Ballistics and Fi****ms, Forensic Engineering, Forensic Odontology, Forensic Pathology etc.

Each week, we shall learn about one area of forensics.


Cyber Criminology

The Cyberspace has drastically changed the commission of traditional crimes such as theft, forgery and other related frauds. It has ushered a new breed of criminals and broadened the category of crime victims.

The current global shut down due to the novel Covid-19 pandemic has tremendously increased internet usage, making the cyberspace crowded with both cyber criminals, victims and potential victims. Beware of the following internet related crimes while online: Fake websites, Advance Fee Fraud, Identity theft, Credit and Debit card fraud and Digital Piracy among others.

Cyber crimes are penalized under Uganda's Computer Misuse Act 2011. Report any cyber related crime to your nearest police station for further investigations.


Psychology and Law: Eyewitness Testimony

The Criminal Justice System in Uganda still heavily relies on eyewitness identification procedures for investigating and prosecuting crimes. However, research in forensic psychology warns about the dangers of placing too much faith in eyewitness evidence during criminal trials.

Recent DNA exoneration cases carried out by the Innocence Project reveal that mistaken eyewitness identifications are the largest contributors of wrongful convictions. Should we still place too much faith on eyewitnesses in criminal trials? And what realistic legal alternatives might be plausible in lieu of eyewitness evidence?


"Not just anyone can become an investigator, a good investigator needs to be conscious of his/her own thinking and that thinking needs to be an intentional process" Gehl & plecas(2016).


Centre for criminology and criminal justice policy is an independent think tank dedicated to objective research excellence, evidence based policy formulation, consultancy and Advocacy on crime, security, criminal law and criminal justice.

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Plot 86, Bukoto Road

Opening Hours

Monday 09:00 - 17:00
Tuesday 09:00 - 17:00
Wednesday 09:00 - 17:00
Thursday 09:00 - 17:00
Friday 09:00 - 17:00
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