English Grammar and Pronunciation Class

English Grammar and Pronunciation Class

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Azharul Jannah
Azharul Jannah

Educative. Helps speakers of English as a Second or Foreign Language (ELS/EFL) improve spoken Englis

Operating as usual

Photos from English Grammar and Pronunciation Class's post 29/05/2024

Pretzel is a kind of baked pastry usually shaped like a knot.

The name is not pronounced as spelt; it is one of the few words in English in which the spelling Z is pronounced as /s/ and not /z/.

PRETZEL is pronounced /'pretsl/. The word was borrowed from German.

Apart from 'Pretzel', can you think of any other English word spelt with the Z but pronounced with the fricative consonant /s/? Let's read from you.


The word 'species' is spelt the same for both the singular and plural forms.

It is pronounced as 'speesheez' or 'speeseez' but never as 'spayshee' or 'spayshees'.


Choose the correct sentence:

1. Patrick happens to be the most sort-after mechatronic engineer in the UAE.

2. Patrick happens to be the most sought-after mechatronic engineer in the UAE.


Let's know what you think about this format


A Quick One:

If you were able to do something at the very last moment and avoided a bad consequence of not doing that thing, you did what you did IN THE NICK OF TIME, not 'at the nick of time'.

The correct idiom is 'in the nick of time'.


Bag/bagged a degree...?

Let's put this to rest already.

Bag (verb): means to win something, especially a prize.

For example: Osimhen is eager to bag his fifth victory of the season.

Please, don't sayπŸ‘‡

So-and-so bagged a first-class degree in political science. ❌

Instead, sayπŸ‘‡

So-and-so was awarded a first-class degree in political science.βœ”οΈ


So-and-so holds an arts degree from the University of Lagos. βœ”οΈ

Equally permissibleπŸ‘‡

So-and-so received a First-Class Honours degree.βœ”οΈ

So-and-so obtained a First-Class Honours degree. βœ”οΈ

So-and-so has a postgraduate degree. βœ”οΈ

So-and-so will earn a master's degree in four months' time. βœ”οΈ

Beautiful people, while points, goals, prizes and suchlike can be 'bagged', you can only 'earn', 'be awarded', 'get', 'hold', 'have' or 'receive' a degree.

Thank you for your understanding. πŸ™‚

πŸ“Έ: Google.com


Word of the dayπŸ‘‡

Know anyone who does this perfectly? 😁


Let's discuss, 'interment' and 'internment.'

We understand that these two words usually confuse users because they are similarly sounding words and have identical definitions. I mean, both words have got to do with putting people somewhere but then which is for the living or the dead? Let's find out already!

INTERMENT: the act of burying a dead body. It comes from the root words, "to place inside" and in this case, it is the placing of someone inside the earth, for burial.

Example sentence:

A private interment will take place with only a few close friends and relatives in attendance.

INTERNMENT: the act of putting someone in prison for political or military reasons, especially during a war.


He was threatened with internment in a concentration camp.

Catch the difference?
Please, be careful with these obituary notices going forward. 😁🀲

Enjoy the rest of the day.


Word of the dayπŸ‘‡


Example sentences:

1. There was a lot to grok.

2. Children grok this show immediately but their parents take longer to get it.


βœ“ 'Grok' is an informal word used mostly by Americans.

βœ“ It was invented in the 1960s by Robert Heinlein (1907–88), an American author.


Word of the day



Heard of this word?


Here you go!


The phrase "wearing my heart on my sleeve" means that one is being very open and honest about their emotions, often to the point of being vulnerable or easily readable.


1. After Dan lost his first wife, he was so stricken with grief he felt he was wearing his heart on sleeve.

2. When it comes to disappointment with employees' performance, I tend to wear my heart on my sleeve. I don't hide my emotions.


The word CLEANSE does not have 'clean' in its pronunciation. It is properly pronounced as 'klenz'.

Other similar pronunciations are WEAPON which does not have 'weep' in it, and LEAVEN which has no 'leave' as it is pronounced like 'levn'.


Should you use the word 'FEW' or the phrase 'A FEW'? Do they confuse you? What, really, is the difference between these two adjectives?

The difference between 'few' and 'a few' is in the emphasis and connotation.

'Few' is used to indicate 'not many' or a small number of people or things, and it carries a negative connotation.

On the other hand, 'a few' means 'some' (especially when you're pretending to be a non-bragging modest fellow) or a small number of people or things, but not in a way that suggests insufficiency.

Here are some (or a few) examples to illustrate the difference:

'I have a few friends', which means that I have some friends.
'I have few friends', which means I do not have many friends.

'A few people arrived early', which means some people arrived early.
'Few people arrived early', which means not many people arrived early.

Therefore, the use of 'a few' and 'few' can change the meaning of a sentence, with 'few' emphasizing the limited quantity in a more negative way, while 'a few' emphasizes the presence of some in a more positive light.

Photos from English Grammar and Pronunciation Class's post 15/01/2024

Are we clear, fine people? 😁

Enjoy the rest of your day! πŸ‘‹


Shout out to our newest followers! Excited to have you onboard! Emmanuel Obini Ude, Chinyere Anoke


'Wow, this is a good news!'

'It is a sad news indeed!'

'His promise to return was an uncomfortable news'

You often hear these statements, don't you? They're both grammatically wrong.

You should just say 'Wow! This is good news', 'It is sad news indeed', etc

Avoid preceding uncountable nouns with the indefinite articles 'a' and 'an'. Yes, it is a known rule run but one which we easily overlook.


Sometimes you start an event or initiate a plan that you know may unfold in a way different from planned or predicted, yet you're willing to go ahead with it.

Someone tries to draw your attention to certain future possibilities in your scheme yet you want to proceed nevertheless, because you have in mind to deal with circumstances as they arise.

There's a handy English idiom that aptly captures your disposition in this scenario, and is suitable as your response to a question like 'How are we going to deal with A if B happens?' That idiom is to 'play it by ear'. You can reply, 'Don't worry, Aunty, we will just play it by ear'.

To 'play it by ear' is another (unique) way of saying 'we will cross that bridge when we come to it'.


Before the day is over...



Still on words and usage:

Let's look atπŸ‘‡

Ramification (countable and usually plural): the possible results of a decision or action.
An additional result of something you do, which may not have been clear when you first decided to do it. Synonymous with implication(s).

It doesn't mean, "in all aspects/facets/spectra/sectors/dimensions."

Example sentences:

1. Have you considered all the ramifications of your decision? βœ”

2. These changes are bound to have widespread social ramifications.βœ”

3. The candidate has significant ramifications for Nigerian politics. βœ”

4. At the time, he was not aware of the ramifications of his actions. βœ”

Please, don't sayπŸ‘‡

May God bless you in all ramifications. ❌

Instead, say:

May God bless you in all areas of life. βœ”

May God bless you in all dimensions of life.βœ”

May God bless you in all facets of life.βœ”

You see? The options are many!



Sm0king o***m was a common habit in the 19th century West.

Why did people smoke o***m?

It was primarily to get high and experience some great euphoric rush. So, with o***m in your pipe, you experienced great fantasies.

That was the etymological birth of the idiom 'pipe dream' - an illusory or fantastic plan, hope, or story that is not practical or possible, something to be likened to the fantasies experienced while sm0king a pipe of o***m.


You offered Geography in secondary school, didn't you?

Did your Geography teacher tell you about GMT - Greenwich Mean Time?

Were both of you pronouncing 'Greenwich' to sound like 'green which'

Or did you learn the correct pronunciation which is 'grenich', like this πŸ‘‰ /ΛŒβ€Ι‘renΙͺtΚƒ/.

Tell me the truth, my dear!

There's neither 'green' nor 'which' in the pronunciation of this word.

Remember, too, that 'Greenwich' is also pronounced 'grenij'.


Word of the day: Shower orange πŸ‘‡

Images: thecut.com


On words and usages (contd)πŸ‘‡

"Not far-fetched" does not mean "obvious" or "not hard to find."

What then does "far-fetched" mean? It connotes something extremely unlikely to be true or very difficult to believe.


Her story about being chased away from school by wolves seems pretty far-fetched.


Here is one of my favourite English idioms: to take a rain check on something. What does that mean?

It means you're refusing an offer or invitation at the moment, even though you might consider it later.

Example: a friend says, 'Yusuf, do you mind joining us for dinner later today?'

As a gentleman that you are, you might reply, 'Oh, thanks. I'm taking a rain check on that.'

It sounds so cool and polite, doesn't it?

Regardless of your reasons for turning down that offer, you surely came across as a refined, good person.


Should you write 'All right' or 'Alright'?

Over the years, some scholars have debated the correctness of both expressions. However, according to Cambridge Guide to English Usage, the verdict today is that it is correct to write both forms.

Photos from English Grammar and Pronunciation Class's post 19/10/2023

In the next few days, we shall be clarifying some words and usages.

Let's begin with 'bogus' today.


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This page is dedicated to teaching the basics of English phonetics and phonology. It is primarily meant to help speakers of English as a second or foreign language (ESL/EFL) with proper enunciation of English words. To enunciate simply means to pronounce distinctly or clearly.

English has many globally recognized accents. A speaker's accent is that characteristic manner in which he pronounces words (or certain words) that instantaneously identifies him as coming from a particular region of the world, a particular social class or as belonging to a certain educational level.

We have Received Pronunciation (RP) which is also loosely referred to as BBC pronunciation. RP is considered to be the standard accent for education and official communication in the UK. It is also the accent taught to foreign learners of English especially in the Commowealth countries where British English is used. There are also the General American, Australian, Canadian, Indian and South African accents of English.

On this page, we do not teach people to throw away their accents. No. We simply help them to pronounce English words correctly and clearly, and we base our guide on BBC pronunciation/Received Pronunciation.

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