Fendo UK

Positively influencing attitudes and behaviour in tackling the issues of violence since 2000.

Operating as usual


๐—ก๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐——๐˜†๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฉ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ: ๐—ฆ๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ด๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜ƒ๐˜€. ๐—”๐—ฐ๐—พ๐˜‚๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ

Violence is a harrowing phenomenon that can manifest in various relationships, whether between strangers or acquaintances. The dynamics of violence differ significantly based on the level of familiarity between individuals, and understanding these distinctions is crucial for both prevention and intervention.

๐—ฆ๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ด๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฉ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ

Violence involving strangers often stems from random encounters and can take on unpredictable forms. Instances like street crimes, muggings, or assaults by unknown individuals are examples of stranger violence. The lack of familiarity makes it challenging to predict or prevent such incidents, emphasising the importance of personal safety awareness and community-based crime prevention strategies.

๐—”๐—ฐ๐—พ๐˜‚๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฉ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ

Acquaintance violence, on the other hand, occurs within relationships where there is some level of familiarity between individuals. This category encompasses a range of relationships, from casual acquaintances to more substantial connections. It may include workplace violence, disputes among neighbours, or altercations between classmates. The complexity of these relationships makes understanding and addressing the root causes of violence within them imperative.

๐—™๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜€ ๐—œ๐—ป๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฆ๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ด๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐—ฉ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ

Stranger violence often results from opportunistic situations or external factors like poverty, desperation, or substance abuse. Heightened situational awareness and community support mechanisms can contribute to reducing the likelihood of stranger violence.

๐—™๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜€ ๐—œ๐—ป๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—”๐—ฐ๐—พ๐˜‚๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ฉ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ

Acquaintance violence can be influenced by interpersonal dynamics, power imbalances, or unresolved conflicts. It is crucial to address issues such as communication breakdowns, jealousy, or misunderstandings within these relationships to prevent the escalation of violence.

๐—ฃ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ฆ๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐˜€

Prevention strategies for stranger violence may involve community policing, public awareness campaigns, and improving urban planning to enhance safety. For acquaintance violence, emphasis should be placed on conflict resolution skills, fostering open communication, and creating supportive environments that discourage aggression.

๐—Ÿ๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—œ๐—บ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€

The legal consequences for violence vary depending on the relationship between individuals. Acts of violence by strangers may be prosecuted differently from those within established relationships, considering factors like premeditation, motive, and the degree of harm inflicted.

๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป

Both victims and perpetrators of violence, regardless of the relationship, require support and avenues for rehabilitation. Community resources, counseling services, and restorative justice programs can play vital roles in helping individuals break the cycle of violence.

Stranger and acquaintance violence present distinct challenges, requiring tailored approaches for prevention and resolution. By recognising the nuanced dynamics within each type of relationship, communities can develop comprehensive strategies to promote safety, address underlying issues, and ultimately work towards a society that values non-violence and fosters healthier relationships.


๐—ก๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐——๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ด๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—–๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ง๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฎ ๐—–๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐˜ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—Ÿ๐—ฎ๐˜„.

The pursuit of self-defence and personal safety is a commendable endeavor, often leading individuals to engage in combatives training. However, the potential legal ramifications associated with these training practices are crucial considerations.

This article i hope, will explore the dangers of combatives training in a court of law, shedding light on the complexities that may arise when you find yourself relying on these skills in self-defence scenarios.
* Rememeber..... these are only some issues you could face. *

๐—˜๐˜…๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐—™๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—–๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ป๐˜€

One of the primary dangers of combatives training in a legal context is the risk of being perceived as using excessive force. Courts often scrutinise the proportionality of a person's response to a threat.
Training in aggressive combative techniques may raise questions about the intent and necessity of the force applied, potentially leading to legal consequences.

๐—ฃ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—œ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜

Courts consider the perceived intent of an individual when assessing the appropriateness of their actions. Intensive combatives training may inadvertently contribute to a perception of heightened aggression or a predilection for violence, which can impact how a person's actions are interpreted in a legal setting.

๐—Ÿ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐——๐—ฒ-๐—˜๐˜€๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ง๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—ป๐—ถ๐—พ๐˜‚๐—ฒ๐˜€

Combatives training tends to focus on reactive measures, often neglecting the importance of de-escalation tactics. Courts may question the absence of attempts to defuse a situation before resorting to physical force, potentially affecting the legal standing of an individual involved in a self-defence incident.

๐—ฃ๐˜‚๐—ฏ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฐ ๐—ฃ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ฝ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—•๐—ถ๐—ฎ๐˜€

Public perception can significantly influence legal proceedings. Individuals extensively trained in combatives may face biases, with the court and jury potentially perceiving them as overly aggressive or confrontational, irrespective of the circumstances leading to the use of force.

๐—ง๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐——๐—ผ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—Ÿ๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—˜๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ

While combatives training is essential for skill development, documentation of such training can be used against individuals in a court of law. Detailed records may be scrutinised to establish a pattern of behaviour or intent, potentially impacting the narrative presented during legal proceedings.

๐—Ÿ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—Ÿ๐—ฒ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—จ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด

Individuals engaged in combatives training may not fully grasp the legal intricacies surrounding the use of force. A lack of awareness of legal standards and principles could lead to actions that, while trained, may not align with legally justifiable responses, putting individuals at risk in legal proceedings.

๐—˜๐˜…๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜ ๐—ง๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜๐—ถ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜† ๐—–๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—น๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ด๐—ฒ๐˜€

Courts often call upon expert witnesses to provide insights into the reasonableness of actions in self-defence cases. However, being an expert in combatives may not necessarily equate to being an expert in legal standards. Combining expert testimony with a solid understanding of legal principles is crucial for a comprehensive defence strategy.

So, While combatives training is valuable for personal safety, individuals must tread carefully in the legal landscape. The dangers of relying solely on combatives in a court of law underscore the need for a holistic approach that includes de-escalation techniques, legal awareness, and an understanding of the potential consequences associated with the use of force. Striking a balance between effective self-defence training and legal considerations is paramount to ensure both personal safety and legal integrity.


๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—–๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฅ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—•๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ณ ๐—ฆ๐˜†๐˜€๐˜๐—ฒ๐—บ๐˜€ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฆ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ณ-๐——๐—ฒ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ

Self-defence isn't just a physical act; it is a complex interplay of Psychological, emotional and physiological components. One frequently overlooked but essential aspect is the role of belief systems. How you perceive yourself, your rights, and your capabilities can significantly influence your actions in a self defence situation. This article will explore the importance of belief systems in Self defence and how they can shape the outcomes of potentially threatening situations.

๐—˜๐—บ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ด๐—ต ๐—•๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ณ:

Believing in your right to personal safety is a foundational aspect of effective self-defence.

A strong belief in your inherent worth and the right to protect yourself can influence the decisiveness and assertiveness with which you respond to a threat.

๐—–๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฆ๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—น๐—น ๐—ฆ๐—ฒ๐˜:

Belief in your training and acquired skills is important. Confidence in the ability to execute self-defence skills, whether from combatives, Self Defence, fi****ms training, or other methods, contributes significantly to the effectiveness of the response. A strong belief in preparedness fosters a more assertive and controlled reaction.

๐— ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—™๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—”๐—ป๐˜…๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐˜๐˜†:

Belief systems play a crucial role in managing fear and anxiety during a self-defence situation. People with a belief in their ability to cope with stress and adversity are more likely to stay focused, make rational decisions, and act purposefully in the face of danger.

๐— ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—˜๐˜๐—ต๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—–๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€:

Beliefs about morality and ethics can influence the choices people make in self-defence. Some may adhere to non-violent principles, preferring de-escalation tactics, while others may believe in the right to use force when necessary. Understanding and aligning actions with your own moral compass is vital for maintaining psychological well-being post-incident.

๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฎ๐—ฝ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ฏ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜๐˜† ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—™๐—น๐—ฒ๐˜…๐—ถ๐—ฏ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜๐˜†:

Belief in adaptability and flexibility is essential in self-defence. Situations can unfold rapidly and unexpectedly, requiring you to adjust your strategies. A belief in your ability to adapt to changing circumstances fosters resilience and the capacity to respond effectively in dynamic situations.

๐—–๐˜‚๐—น๐˜๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฆ๐—ผ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—œ๐—ป๐—ณ๐—น๐˜‚๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐˜€:

Belief systems are often shaped by cultural and societal influences. Understanding these influences is crucial in self-defence, as they may impact how they perceive threats, assess risks, and determine appropriate responses. Cultural awareness contributes to a more comprehensive and contextually relevant approach to self-defence.

๐—ฃ๐—ผ๐˜€๐˜-๐—œ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜ ๐—–๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐— ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜€๐—บ๐˜€:

Beliefs about coping with the aftermath of a self-defence incident are essential. People who believe in seeking support, whether through counseling, peer groups, or other means, are more likely to navigate the emotional and psychological aftermath successfully.

๐—Ÿ๐—ฒ๐˜'๐˜€ ๐—ท๐˜‚๐˜€๐˜ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—ฝ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป:

In the realm of self-defence, belief systems serve as the linchpin between physical action and mental preparedness. Empowerment, confidence, moral considerations, adaptability, and cultural awareness all play pivotal roles in shaping how you respond to threats. Recognising and cultivating positive belief systems can contribute not only to effective self-defence but also to the overall well-being of individuals as they navigate the complexities of personal safety.

๐‘ฑ๐’–๐’”๐’• ๐’๐’๐’† ๐’‘๐’Š๐’†๐’„๐’† ๐’๐’‡ ๐’•๐’‰๐’† ๐’‘๐’–๐’›๐’›๐’๐’† ๐’•๐’‰๐’‚๐’• ๐’˜๐’† ๐’•๐’†๐’‚๐’„๐’‰ ๐’‚๐’• ๐‘ญ๐’†๐’๐’…๐’ ๐‘ผ๐‘ฒ.

๐‘พ๐’† ๐’„๐’๐’—๐’†๐’“ ๐’‚ ๐’ˆ๐’‚๐’Ž๐’–๐’• ๐’๐’‡ ๐’•๐’๐’‘๐’Š๐’„๐’” ๐’•๐’‰๐’‚๐’• ๐’‚๐’“๐’† ๐’†๐’”๐’”๐’†๐’๐’•๐’Š๐’‚๐’ ๐’Š๐’ ๐’‚๐’๐’š ๐‘บ๐’†๐’๐’‡ ๐‘ท๐’“๐’๐’•๐’†๐’„๐’•๐’Š๐’๐’ ๐‘บ๐’š๐’”๐’•๐’†๐’Ž.

๐‘พ๐’† ๐’‚๐’๐’”๐’ ๐’๐’‡๐’‡๐’†๐’“ ๐’‚ ๐’“๐’‚๐’๐’ˆ๐’† ๐’๐’‡ ๐’”๐’–๐’ƒ๐’‹๐’†๐’„๐’•๐’” ๐’•๐’‰๐’‚๐’• ๐’‚๐’“๐’† ๐’‡๐’๐’“ ๐’‘๐’–๐’“๐’„๐’‰๐’‚๐’”๐’† ๐’Š๐’‡ ๐’๐’†๐’†๐’…๐’†๐’… ๐’‡๐’๐’“ ๐‘ฝ๐’Š๐’๐’๐’†๐’๐’„๐’† ๐‘ท๐’“๐’†๐’—๐’†๐’๐’•๐’Š๐’๐’ ๐‘ท๐’“๐’๐’ˆ๐’“๐’‚๐’Ž๐’” ๐’๐’“ ๐’Š๐’๐’…๐’†๐’†๐’…, ๐’Š๐’‡ ๐’š๐’๐’– ๐’˜๐’‚๐’๐’• ๐’–๐’” ๐’•๐’ ๐’…๐’†๐’”๐’Š๐’ˆ๐’ ๐’‚ ๐’‘๐’“๐’†๐’”๐’†๐’๐’•๐’‚๐’•๐’Š๐’๐’ ๐’‡๐’๐’“ ๐’š๐’๐’– ๐’•๐’‰๐’†๐’ ๐’˜๐’† ๐’„๐’‚๐’ ๐’‚๐’๐’”๐’ ๐’‰๐’†๐’๐’‘.


๐——๐—˜-๐—˜๐—ฆ๐—–๐—”๐—Ÿ๐—”๐—ง๐—œ๐—ข๐—ก : ๐—ก๐—”๐—ฉ๐—œ๐—š๐—”๐—ง๐—œ๐—ก๐—š ๐—ฃ๐—ข๐—ง๐—˜๐—ก๐—ง๐—œ๐—”๐—Ÿ ๐—ฉ๐—œ๐—ข๐—Ÿ๐—˜๐—ก๐—–๐—˜ ๐—ช๐—œ๐—ง๐—› ๐—ฆ๐—ž๐—œ๐—Ÿ๐—Ÿ ๐—”๐—ก๐—— ๐—–๐—”๐—Ÿ๐— 

In the face of potential violence, mastering the art of de-escalation becomes a crucial skill that can make the difference between diffusing a tense situation and allowing it to escalate. Whether in personal or professional settings, the ability to de-escalate conflicts is a powerful tool that promotes safety and resolution. This article explores key strategies for de-escalation within potentially violent situations, emphasizing the importance of maintaining control and fostering communication.

๐Ÿ. ๐—”๐—ฆ๐—ฆ๐—˜๐—ฆ๐—ฆ ๐—ง๐—›๐—˜ ๐—ฆ๐—œ๐—ง๐—จ๐—”๐—ง๐—œ๐—ข๐—ก: Before attempting to de-escalate, it is essential to assess the situation. Identify potential triggers, understand the emotions at play, and gauge the level of aggression. A comprehensive understanding of the dynamics allows for a more targeted and effective approach to de-escalation.

๐Ÿฎ. ๐—ฆ๐—ง๐—”๐—ฌ ๐—–๐—”๐—Ÿ๐—  ๐—”๐—ก๐—— ๐—–๐—ข๐— ๐—ฃ๐—ข๐—ฆ๐—˜๐——: The cornerstone of successful de-escalation within a potentially violent situation is maintaining personal composure. Remaining calm sends a powerful message and can influence the demeanour of those involved. Take deep breaths, control body language, and project an aura of steady confidence.

๐Ÿฏ. ๐—˜๐—ฆ๐—ง๐—”๐—•๐—Ÿ๐—œ๐—ฆ๐—› ๐—ฅ๐—”๐—ฃ๐—ฃ๐—ข๐—ฅ๐—ง: Building rapport with individuals in a heightened state is challenging but crucial. Speak in a calm and steady tone, making eye contact without being confrontational. Establishing a connection, even amid tension, can create a bridge for effective communication.

๐Ÿฐ. ๐—จ๐—ฆ๐—˜ ๐—ฉ๐—˜๐—ฅ๐—•๐—”๐—Ÿ ๐——๐—˜-๐—˜๐—ฆ๐—–๐—”๐—Ÿ๐—”๐—ง๐—œ๐—ข๐—ก ๐—ง๐—˜๐—–๐—›๐—ก๐—œ๐—ค๐—จ๐—˜๐—ฆ: Verbal de-escalation involves using language to defuse tension and redirect emotions. Employing active listening, mirroring, and paraphrasing allows individuals to feel heard and understood. Avoiding accusatory language and focusing on collaborative problem-solving can shift the dynamic away from violence.

๐Ÿฑ. ๐—”๐—–๐—ž๐—ก๐—ข๐—ช๐—Ÿ๐—˜๐——๐—š๐—˜ ๐—˜๐— ๐—ข๐—ง๐—œ๐—ข๐—ก๐—ฆ: Recognise and validate the emotions of those involved in the potentially violent situation. Acknowledging feelings of anger, frustration, or fear demonstrates empathy and helps individuals feel understood. This acknowledgment can be a crucial step in de-escalation.

๐Ÿฒ. ๐—˜๐—ฆ๐—ง๐—”๐—•๐—Ÿ๐—œ๐—ฆ๐—› ๐—–๐—Ÿ๐—˜๐—”๐—ฅ ๐—–๐—ข๐— ๐— ๐—จ๐—ก๐—œ๐—–๐—”๐—ง๐—œ๐—ข๐—ก: Clear and concise communication is paramount in a potentially violent scenario. Avoid ambiguous language and speak in a straightforward manner. Clearly express expectations and boundaries, emphasizing a mutual desire for a peaceful resolution.

๐Ÿณ. ๐—ฃ๐—ฅ๐—ข๐—ฉ๐—œ๐——๐—˜ ๐—–๐—›๐—ข๐—œ๐—–๐—˜๐—ฆ: Offering choices can empower individuals and give them a sense of control, reducing the likelihood of violence. Presenting alternatives and mutually agreeable solutions allows those involved to feel a part of the decision-making process, fostering cooperation.

๐Ÿด. ๐—ฆ๐—”๐—™๐—˜๐—ง๐—ฌ ๐—™๐—œ๐—ฅ๐—ฆ๐—ง: Prioritise safety for everyone involved. If the situation is escalating despite de-escalation efforts, ensure that there is a clear path to exit or seek assistance from authorities if necessary. Personal safety should always be the top priority.

๐Ÿต. ๐—ฆ๐—˜๐—˜๐—ž ๐—ฃ๐—ฅ๐—ข๐—™๐—˜๐—ฆ๐—ฆ๐—œ๐—ข๐—ก๐—”๐—Ÿ ๐—”๐—ฆ๐—ฆ๐—œ๐—ฆ๐—ง๐—”๐—ก๐—–๐—˜: In situations where de-escalation seems challenging or risky, involving trained professionals, such as security personnel or law enforcement, can be a prudent step. Their expertise in managing potentially violent situations can contribute to a safer resolution.

De-escalation within potentially violent situations requires a combination of empathy, communication skills, and a clear understanding of the dynamics at play. By staying calm, acknowledging emotions, and prioritizing safety, individuals can navigate these challenging scenarios with a higher likelihood of resolution and without resorting to violence. Mastering the art of de-escalation is a personal skill and a societal imperative for creating safer and more harmonious environments.


๐——๐—ฒ๐—บ๐˜†๐˜€๐˜๐—ถ๐—ณ๐˜†๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐— ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—›๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—น๐˜๐—ต: ๐—•๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฆ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ผ๐˜๐˜†๐—ฝ๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฉ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ

In the ever-evolving dialogue surrounding mental health, one persistent myth continues to cast a shadow over those facing mental health challenges โ€“ and that's the misconception that people dealing with mental health issues are inherently violent. No matter what some so called self Protection specialists believe.

It's crucial to debunk this stereotype and foster a more accurate understanding of mental health.

๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐— ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—›๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—น๐˜๐—ต

Mental health is a vast spectrum encompassing a range of conditions, from anxiety and depression to bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Each person's experience is unique, and the majority of people struggling with mental health concerns do not pose a threat to others. In fact, most are more likely to be victims of violence than perpetrators.

๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฆ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ด๐—บ๐—ฎ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐— ๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป

The association between mental health and violence perpetuates stigma and discrimination. Media portrayals often contribute to this skewed perception, often sensationalising isolated incidents and reinforcing harmful stereotypes.

It's crucial to separate the actions of a few from the diverse and complexed reality of mental health challenges which are faced by millions worldwide.

๐—ฆ๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜€๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐˜€

Research consistently shows that the vast majority of people with mental health conditions are not violent. In fact, individuals with mental illnesses are more likely to be victims of violence than those without such conditions as i metioned earlier.

Understanding and acknowledging these statistics is a critical step in dismantling this unfounded belief that mental health problems equates to violence.

๐—ฅ๐—ผ๐—ผ๐˜๐˜€ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐— ๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ฝ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป

The link between mental health and violence has historical roots grounded both in fear and ignorance. While there has been instances where individuals with untreated mental illnesses were involved in violent acts, these cases are minimal.

Mental health conditions, like any other health problem, requires a proper diagnosis, proper treatment, and proper support, not sensationalised fearmongering.

๐—ฃ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—จ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—˜๐—บ๐—ฝ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ต๐˜†

Championing mental health awareness means dismantling these stereotypes and fostering empathy.
People facing mental health challenges are not defined by violence; they are individuals with unique stories, strengths, and aspirations. Encouraging open conversations, dispelling myths, and offering support contribute to creating a society that understands and embraces the diversity of mental health experiences.

๐—–๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ด๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ก๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ

It's essential to recognise that violence is a complex issue with numerous contributing factors, and mental health is just one piece of the puzzle. By addressing root causes, promoting access to mental health care, and challenging discriminatory beliefs, we can reshape the narrative and create a more inclusive and compassionate society.

In conclusion, the association between mental health and violence is a harmful stereotype that perpetuates stigma and undermines the experiences of millions of individuals.
By fostering understanding, empathy, and accurate information, we can work towards a society that supports and uplifts those facing mental health challenges, rather than perpetuating harmful stereotypes.


๐Ÿ’ฅ๐—๐—”๐—ก๐—จ๐—”๐—ฅ๐—ฌ ๐—ข๐—™๐—™๐—˜๐—ฅ ๐—ข๐—ก๐—Ÿ๐—ฌ ๐Ÿฎ๐Ÿฌ๐Ÿฎ๐Ÿฐ ๐Ÿ’ฅ

โญ๏ธ ๐Ÿฑ๐Ÿฌ% ๐—ข๐—™๐—™ ๐— ๐—˜๐— ๐—•๐—˜๐—ฅ๐—ฆ๐—›๐—œ๐—ฃ โญ๏ธ

โญ๏ธ ๐—™๐—ฅ๐—˜๐—˜ ๐—Ÿ๐—œ๐—–๐—˜๐—ก๐—–๐—˜ โญ๏ธ

โญ๏ธ ๐—™๐—ฅ๐—˜๐—˜ ๐—œ๐—ก๐—ฆ๐—จ๐—ฅ๐—”๐—ก๐—–๐—˜ โญ๏ธ

Booking can be done through website or via WhatsApp.

๐—ค๐˜‚๐—ผ๐˜๐—ฒ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ ๐Ÿฑ๐Ÿฌ๐—ข๐—™๐—™๐—๐—”๐—ก ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐—ฏ๐—ผ๐—ผ๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด

(Note: Licence and Insurance is renewable on year 2 prices can be found on website)


We are back Monday 8th January 7pm - 8pm.


Merry Xmas everyone


Great testimonial John, thank you my friend.

Photos from Fendo UK's post 18/12/2023

๐—ฆ๐—ฎ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐˜๐˜† ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฝ๐˜€ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ง๐—ฎ๐˜…๐—ถ'๐˜€

Photos from Fendo UK's post 18/12/2023

๐—ฆ๐—ต๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜€๐˜๐—บ๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ ๐—ฏ๐—ถ๐˜ ๐—ฑ๐—ฎ๐˜‚๐—ป๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด. ๐——๐—ผ๐—ป'๐˜ ๐—ฎ๐—ฑ๐—ฑ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜† ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ฟ ๐˜๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ธ.


๐—ช๐—œ๐—ง๐—› ๐—ง๐—›๐—˜ ๐—™๐—˜๐—ฆ๐—ง๐—œ๐—ฉ๐—˜ ๐—ฆ๐—˜๐—”๐—ฆ๐—ข๐—ก ๐—–๐—ข๐— ๐—œ๐—ก๐—š ๐—จ๐—ฃ, ๐—ฃ๐—Ÿ๐—˜๐—”๐—ฆ๐—˜ ๐—•๐—˜ ๐—˜๐—ซ๐—ง๐—ฅ๐—” ๐—–๐—”๐—จ๐—ง๐—œ๐—ข๐—จ๐—ฆ (please note, this is also available in pdf format if anyone would like to use this)

๐——๐—ฅ๐—œ๐—ก๐—ž ๐—ฆ๐—ฃ๐—œ๐—ž๐—œ๐—ก๐—š ๐—”๐—ก๐—— ๐——๐—”๐—ง๐—˜ ๐—ฅ๐—”๐—ฃ๐—˜ ๐——๐—ฅ๐—จ๐—š๐—ฆ

Drink spiking is when someone puts drugs or alcohol into your drink without you knowing. The drugs used are mind-altering substances that affect how you behave.

So-called 'date r**e drugs' may be used to spike a drink before a sexual assault. They are the most common drugs used to spike drinks and date r**e drugs can come in powder or liquid form. They may not have an unusual taste or smell.

There are many reasons why someone might spike a drink.

The most common reasons are:

โ–ช To carry out a sexual assault or r**e
โ–ช To carry out a physical assault
โ–ช To carry out a theft
โ–ช For amusement

Drink spiking does not only target females. Anyone can be targeted.

Drink spiking is a crime whatever the reason it is carried out for.

๐——๐—”๐—ง๐—˜ ๐—ฅ๐—”๐—ฃ๐—˜ ๐——๐—ฅ๐—จ๐—š๐—ฆ

Date r**e drugs are depressants. They work by slowing down your nervous system and dulling your responses. They make it harder for you to resist an assault.

Some date r**e drugs are legally prescribed for anxiety and insomnia. But when taken without knowing, these drugs leave you vulnerable to danger.

Date r**e drugs will affect your behaviour and the messages that you give out to other people. You will not be fully in control of yourself and someone could take advantage of you.

Date r**e drugs can start to take effect within 5 minutes of being taken, or up to an hour afterwards.

๐—ฆ๐—ฌ๐— ๐—ฃ๐—ง๐—ข๐— ๐—ฆ ๐—ข๐—™ ๐——๐—ฅ๐—œ๐—ก๐—ž ๐—ฆ๐—ฃ๐—œ๐—ž๐—œ๐—ก๐—š ๐—”๐—ก๐—— ๐——๐—”๐—ง๐—˜ ๐—ฅ๐—”๐—ฃ๐—˜ ๐——๐—ฅ๐—จ๐—š๐—ฆ

Most date r**e drugs take effect within 30 minutes, and symptoms usually last for several hours.

But if you pass out, it'll be hard to know the full effect. You may still feel some of the symptoms of a date r**e drug after a night's sleep.

Although your symptoms will depend on which substance has been used, they usually include some of the following:

โ–ช Lowered inhibitions
โ–ช Difficulty concentrating or speaking
โ–ช Loss of balance and finding it hard to move
โ–ช Visual problems, particularly blurred vision
โ–ช Memory loss (amnesia) or 'blackouts'
โ–ช Feeling confused or disorientated, particularly after waking up (if you have been asleep)
โ–ช Paranoia (a feeling of fear or distrust of others)
โ–ช Hallucinations (seeing, hearing or touching things that are not there) or having an 'out of body' experience
โ–ช Nausea and vomiting
โ–ช Unconsciousness

๐— ๐—ข๐—ฆ๐—ง ๐—–๐—ข๐— ๐— ๐—ข๐—ก ๐——๐—”๐—ง๐—˜ ๐—ฅ๐—”๐—ฃ๐—˜ ๐——๐—ฅ๐—จ๐—š๐—ฆ


Alcohol is the most common date r**e drug. It can be added to a soft (non-alcoholic) drink without you knowing. Or double measures can be used instead of singles. If you have had a drink already, you may find it harder to tell how much alcohol you are drinking.

The effects of alcohol will depend on how much you drink and if you have been drinking already.

๐—š๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ-๐—ต๐˜†๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜…๐˜†๐—ฏ๐˜‚๐˜๐˜†๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—บ๐—ฎ-๐—ฏ๐˜‚๐˜๐˜†๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ

Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) usually comes in the form of a slightly oily, colourless liquid. It also comes, less often, as a powder.

Gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) is a more basic form of GHB. It is another possible date r**e drug. It comes in liquid form and is found in some household products. After entering the body, GBL changes into GHB.

Only a very small amount of GHB is needed to have an effect. It can be dissolved easily into other liquids. GHB has an unpleasant taste and a weak odour. But, you are unlikely to notice it in very small doses or when it is mixed with a strong-flavoured drink.


Tranquillizers come in hundreds of different forms. The most common are called benzodiazepines. They normally come as a tablet.

You may hear of these as:

โ–ช Va**um
โ–ช Rohypnol
โ–ช Roofies
โ–ช Benzos

They are sometimes legally prescribed to treat anxiety or insomnia. Tranquillizers work by slowing down your body. They relieve tension and making you feel very relaxed.


Ketamine, sometimes called K, is a powerful anaesthetic. It is used for both animals and humans. It's a liquid in its legal form. Illegally, it is normally a grainy white powder or a tablet.

๐—›๐—ข๐—ช ๐—ง๐—ข ๐—”๐—ฉ๐—ข๐—œ๐—— ๐——๐—ฅ๐—œ๐—ก๐—ž ๐—ฆ๐—ฃ๐—œ๐—ž๐—œ๐—ก๐—š

If your drink has been spiked, it's unlikely that you'll see, smell or taste any difference. Some drugs, such as GHB, may taste slightly salty or smell unusual.

If you start to feel strange or more drunk than you should be, get help immediately.

The following steps may help prevent drink spiking:

โ–ช Never leave your drink unattended, and keep an eye on your friends' drinks.
โ–ช Do not accept a drink from someone you do not know.
โ–ช Consider sticking to bottled drinks and avoiding punch bowls or jugs of cocktails.
โ–ช Don't give out your address to someone you have just met.
โ–ช If you think your drink's been tampered with, do not drink it โ€“ tell a trusted friend or relative immediately.
โ–ช Before going out, let someone know where you're going and what time you expect to be home.
โ–ช Make plans for your journey home.
โ–ช Avoid taking expensive equipment with you or anything that could be a target for thieves.
โ–ช If you're travelling abroad, be aware of the local area and where you can find help.

๐—ช๐—›๐—”๐—ง ๐—ง๐—ข ๐——๐—ข ๐—œ๐—™ ๐—ฌ๐—ข๐—จ๐—ฅ ๐——๐—ฅ๐—œ๐—ก๐—ž ๐—›๐—”๐—ฆ ๐—•๐—˜๐—˜๐—ก ๐—ฆ๐—ฃ๐—œ๐—ž๐—˜๐——

First, tell someone you completely trust, such as:

โ–ช A close friend
โ–ช A relative
โ–ช A medical professional
โ–ช The police

If you are not with anyone, call someone you trust and get to a safe place. Ask to use a phone if yours has been stolen.

If you need urgent help, call 999. Be wary of accepting help from a stranger and do not leave with someone you do not know.

If you feel unwell, someone you trust should take you to your nearest emergency department (ED). Tell the medical staff that you think your drink's been spiked.

Arrange for a trusted friend or relative to take you home and stay with you until the drugs have fully left your system.

Report it to the police as soon as you can. They may ask you to provide blood and urine samples.

Most drugs leave the body within 72 hours of being taken. The date r**e drug GHB leaves the body within 12 hours, so it's important to be tested as soon as possible.

If you're abroad, get help from a travel representative or local medical services, or ask a bar or hotel manager to call local police.

If you have been sexually assaulted, you should get medical attention as soon as possible.

You may need tests to determine if you have any sexually transmitted infections (STIs), or if you're pregnant.

๐—ฆ๐—ฌ๐— ๐—ฃ๐—ง๐—ข๐— ๐—ฆ

Your symptoms will depend on which substance was used. This could be alcohol or another drug.

Symptoms can include:

โ–ช Drowsiness or light-headedness
โ–ช Difficulty speaking
โ–ช Slurring your words
โ–ช Difficulty concentrating
โ–ช Loss of balance
โ–ช Finding it hard to move
โ–ช Visual problems, particularly blurred vision
โ–ช Memory loss or 'blackouts' - when you cannot remember large sections of your evening
โ–ช Feeling confused or disorientated, particularly after waking up
โ–ช Paranoia - a feeling of fear or distrust of others
โ–ช Hallucinations - seeing, hearing or touching things that aren't there
โ–ช Nausea (feeling sick) and vomiting
โ–ช Unconsciousness
โ–ช Temporary loss of body sensation - having an 'out of body' experience.

All date r**e drugs are particularly dangerous when they are mixed with alcohol. This is because they combine to have a very powerful anaesthetic effect. This is a temporary loss of sensation or awareness. It can cause unconsciousness. In more extreme cases, it can cause coma or even death.

๐—›๐—ข๐—ช ๐—Ÿ๐—ข๐—ก๐—š ๐—ง๐—›๐—˜ ๐—˜๐—™๐—™๐—˜๐—–๐—ง๐—ฆ ๐—Ÿ๐—”๐—ฆ๐—ง

How long the drugs' effects last will depend on how much has been taken and how much alcohol, if any, you have drunk.

The symptoms could last between 3 to 7 hours, but if you pass out it will be hard to know the full effect. You may still feel some of the symptoms of a date r**e drug after a night's sleep; particularly confusion, amnesia or nausea.

๐—ช๐—›๐—”๐—ง ๐——๐—ข ๐——๐—ข ๐—œ๐—™ ๐—ฌ๐—ข๐—จ ๐—ง๐—›๐—œ๐—ก๐—ž ๐—ฌ๐—ข๐—จ ๐—›๐—”๐—ฉ๐—˜ ๐—•๐—˜๐—˜๐—ก ๐—ฆ๐—ฃ๐—œ๐—ž๐—˜๐——

If you think your drink has been spiked, take action immediately. Your priority is to protect yourself from further harm.

๐—ง๐—ฒ๐—น๐—น ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐˜๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐˜€๐˜

As you cannot be sure how your body will react to an unknown substance, you will need to get help from someone you trust.

This could be:

โ–ช A friend or relative
โ–ช The manager of the place you're in
โ–ช Security staff
โ–ช The Police
โ–ช A healthcare professional

๐—ž๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ฝ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ

If you still have some of the spiked drink left, keep hold of it if possible. It might be used as evidence. Give it to someone you trust until it can be given to the Police.

๐—œ๐—ณ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐—ณ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—น ๐˜‚๐—ป๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—น๐—น

Ask a friend to take you to the Emergency Department (A & E) if you have symptoms such as:

โ–ช Drowsiness
โ–ช Vomiting
โ–ช Hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not there)

When you arrive at the ED, you or your friend should tell the medical staff that you think your drink has been spiked.

๐—œ๐—ณ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐—ป๐—ผ ๐˜€๐—ฒ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐˜€๐˜†๐—บ๐—ฝ๐˜๐—ผ๐—บ๐˜€

If you think that your drink has been spiked but you have no severe symptoms, contact the Police. Reporting the incident as soon as possible will help to catch the offender.

๐—–๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฃ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ

If you need immediate medical attention, go to the ED before contacting the Police. Call 999 or 112 if you need help urgently.

Contact the Police as soon as you can. You will need to have your blood or urine tested to confirm that your drink has been spiked. This test will help the Police to investigate the crime.

๐—•๐—น๐—ผ๐—ผ๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜

Following a drink spiking incident, blood or urine samples will need to be taken as soon as possible.

Most drugs leave the body 12 to 72 hours after being taken. So it's important that a blood or urine sample is tested as soon as possible.

For example, gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) will be:

โ–ช Undetectable in your blood within 6 to 8 hours
โ–ช Undetectable in your urine within 12 to 18 hours

๐—š๐—ผ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ต๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ

Arrange for someone you trust to take you home after:

โ–ช You have been to the ED
โ–ช The Police have been contacted
โ–ช A blood or urine sample has been taken

Once you are at home, ask that trusted person to stay with you until the drugs have fully left your system. This will probably be the following day. This is in case any symptoms get worse and you are unable to look after yourself.

๐—ฆ๐—ฒ๐˜…๐˜‚๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜€๐—ฎ๐˜‚๐—น๐˜

If you have been r**ed or sexually assaulted, you should always get medical attention.

You may need to be checked to see if you have any sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or if you're pregnant.

You do not have to report an attack to the Police immediately if you do not want to. But do get medical help immediately if you have been hurt or injured. Any forensic evidence that is taken during tests can be stored. You can decide later if you want to report the attack.

๐—œ๐—ณ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—น๐—ธ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ
Contact the R**e Crisis England Centre 24 hour helpline on 0808 500 2222

๐—”๐—ฆ๐—ฆ๐—”๐—จ๐—Ÿ๐—ง ๐—”๐—ก๐—— ๐—ฅ๐—ข๐—•๐—•๐—˜๐—ฅ๐—ฌ

If you have been assaulted, robbed or both, you should report this to the Police as soon as possible.

They will want any information that you have about your attackers, such as:

โ–ช If you knew them
โ–ช what they looked like
โ–ช The events that led to the attack
โ–ช What happened during the attack
โ–ช What was taken

If you have been physically assaulted, the Police will need to keep a record of your injuries.

๐—›๐—ข๐—ช ๐—ง๐—ข ๐—ฆ๐—ง๐—”๐—ฌ ๐—ฆ๐—”๐—™๐—˜

If your drink has been spiked, it is unlikely that you will be able to see, taste or smell any difference. So, it's important to try to stop it from happening.

Follow this advice to help you stay safe from drink spiking when you are out.

๐—ช๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ฐ๐—ต ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ฟ ๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ธ

โ–ช Keep your drink in your hand.
โ–ช When possible, drink from a bottle rather than a glass - it's more difficult to spike a drink in a bottle.
โ–ช Hold your thumb over the opening if you are drinking from a bottle.
โ–ช Do not leave your drink unattended at any time, even while you are in the toilet.

๐—•๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ฟ ๐˜€๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด๐˜€

โ–ช Keep an eye on your friend's drinks.
โ–ช Do not share or exchange drinks, or drink leftover drinks.
โ–ช Stay away from situations that you do not feel comfortable with.

๐— ๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ด๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€

โ–ช Never accept a drink from anyone you don't know or trust.
โ–ช If you go on a date with someone who you don't know, tell a friend or relative where you will be and what time you will be back.
โ–ช Do not give away too much information to anyone you have just met, such as your address.

๐—•๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜† ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ต๐—ผ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ฑ๐—ฎ๐˜†

โ–ช If you're travelling abroad, be aware of the local area and where you can find help.
โ–ช Do not show off expensive equipment or anything that thieves might target.
โ–ช Make a plan for your journey home.

Remember that if you have already been drinking, you will be more vulnerable. This is because alcohol dulls your instincts and your awareness of danger.

๐™„๐™› ๐™ฎ๐™ค๐™ช ๐™ฉ๐™๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™  ๐™ฎ๐™ค๐™ช๐™ง ๐™™๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™  ๐™๐™–๐™จ ๐™—๐™š๐™š๐™ฃ ๐™จ๐™ฅ๐™ž๐™ ๐™š๐™™, ๐™™๐™ค๐™ฃ'๐™ฉ ๐™™๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™  ๐™ž๐™ฉ โ€“ ๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ก๐™ก ๐™– ๐™ฉ๐™ง๐™ช๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™š๐™™ ๐™›๐™ง๐™ž๐™š๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™ค๐™ง ๐™ง๐™š๐™ก๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ซ๐™š ๐™ž๐™ข๐™ข๐™š๐™™๐™ž๐™–๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ก๐™ฎ. See less

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