UniTartu Asia and the Middle East

CAMES grad. students' project. Digitized books, manuscripts, periodicals, maps and special collections from Asia and the Middle East.

Operating as usual

05/06/2021

Happy #WorldEnvironmentDay !

Image: Flowering Tree, ca. 1700, India
🔗https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/451413

Happy #WorldEnvironmentDay !

Image: Flowering Tree, ca. 1700, India
🔗https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/451413

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 05/06/2021

Have you ever wondered what it would be like to live during the 13th century in the #Arab world?

The paintings of the Assemblies of al-Hariri (al-Maqāmāt al-ḥarīriyah) have a realistic view of the 13th-century #Muslim lifestyle that comprises 50 short stories and 99 miniatures.

Al-Maqāmāt al-ḥarīriyah was written by Abu Muhammad al-Qasim ibn 'Ali al-Hariri in the style of the Maqamat. He was an Arab poet and a high-ranking official of the Seljuks, born in Basra, #Iraq.

#Islamic #artwork

🔗https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8422965p/f40.item

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 04/06/2021

“An album on the aborigines in #Taiwan (Formosa)” 臺灣番社風俗, Qing Dynasty
The album comprises 12 scenes of Formosan aboriginal peoples' daily lives and traditions, including farming and hunting as written in the preface by Arthur W. Hummel (1884-1975)

To see the album: https://tinyurl.com/6em5j7c7

#Asian #chinese #studies

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 03/06/2021

Let’s remember the legendary story of Ali Baba!👳‍♀️
The Stories from the Arabian Nights consist of five narratives, with vibrant illustrations, published in 1911. One of the stories, of course, is Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves.

🔗https://tinyurl.com/4yjurwyr

#FolkloreThursday #Persia

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 03/06/2021

"One hundred portraits of Peking #opera characters" or 無款 清末 京劇一百人物像 冊 絹本, Qing dynasty (1644–1911)

The album documented the diversity and passion of the theatrical culture of #China
Each color of the facial #makeup represents fate and the disposition of the character, i.e, #red symbolizes dedication and bravery.

To see the album: https://tinyurl.com/vbjxys5c

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 02/06/2021

The Jami' al-Tawarikh (جامع التواريخ), or Compendium of Chronicles was written in the 14th century by Rashid al-Din. The book was published in three volumes but only two #Persian copies and a part of the #Arabic manuscript remain today.
The drawings were inspired by pre-Mongol Persian and Arabic literature, #Chinese woodblock images, and Byzantine religious and historical documents.

🔗https://tinyurl.com/fjst5pun
Holding Institution: University of Edinburgh

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 02/06/2021

This unique #Thai manuscript is made of #poems, composed by an anonymous poet in the 19th century. All drawings of the manuscript depict #mythological characters and themes from Thai folklore and literature which have one similar theme; “the loss of a beloved woman”. 💘

To view more:
https://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/0004/bsb00040571/images/

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 01/06/2021

Passover Haggadah is a compilation of selected texts from the #Bible and Talmud that tells how #Jews escaped from #Egypt. The depictions show scenes from the Biblical verses commemorating the Jews’ freedom from slavery. The illustrations were made by an unknown artist in Bavaria, #Germany at the end of the 15th century.

#Hebrew #JewishStudies
🔗https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b60005435/f2.item

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 01/06/2021

“Ezo kikō ”, 蝦夷紀行 (“Ezo travels”) by Tani Bunkei (1778-1840) #Japan
The colorful images depict the Ainu people's distinctive attire, housing, #dance, ceremonies, and other #customs from the #Japanese viewpoint instead of the Ainu's. Ainu people have historically lived in the northern part of the Japanese archipelago, particularly on the island of #Hokkaido

Find out more: https://www.loc.gov/resource/ainu1264.00340421942/?sp=1

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 31/05/2021

Madžmua-i ghazaliyat az šuara-i furs consist of different classical Persian #poems from the most famous #Persian poets, namely Saadi Shirazi, Kemal-i Hucendî and Ḥāfeẓ-e Shīrāzī, known by his pen name Hafez.
The manuscript can be classified as an anthology which contains 18 #miniatures and various patterns from the 15th century.

To read online: http://dspace.ut.ee/handle/10062/50609… University of Tartu Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogu


#islamicart #IranianStudies

31/05/2021

#Map of #Pakistan (in English and Persian): political, physical, pictorial, road and communication.
First ed. June 1960
Creator: Muassasah-i Jughrafiyai va Kartugrafi-i Sahab
🔗https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-254784773/view

#Map of #Pakistan (in English and Persian): political, physical, pictorial, road and communication.
First ed. June 1960
Creator: Muassasah-i Jughrafiyai va Kartugrafi-i Sahab
🔗https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-254784773/view

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 31/05/2021

A Description of All the Nationalities That Inhabit the Russian State.

The publication outlines the #Russian Empire’s peoples’ lives, #dress, religious views, rituals and traditions by Johann Gottlieb Georgi at the end of the 18th century. Catherine the Great, empress of #Russia, was the recipient of the book who later awarded Georgi with a precious gift.

To view more: https://lccn.loc.gov/2018694157

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 30/05/2021

Have you ever been in the Hammam? 🛁

The #Hammam or Turkish bath is steam bath or public bath space associated with the #Islamic world. However, it was inherited from the Roman thermae model.

The Hammams were found across the Middle East and North #Africa, in Central #Asia, #India and central and Eastern #Europe under Ottoman Rule. After Victorian era, Turkish bath also spread in the British Empire, the US and Western Europe.

It was and still is a very popular way for cleansing, therapy and relaxation. In Islamic culture it had religious and civic significance. It was connected to ablutions ritual and provided general hygiene as well. Also, it was best place for community meetings and gatherings for men and for women. 🧖‍♀️🧖‍♂️

Twitter: https://twitter.com/unitartuames

29/05/2021

Today we take a look at woodblock print entitled Akashi Ridayu Hidemoto, by the #Japanese Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1797–1861).

This piece of art dates back to 1845, towards the end of the Edo period (1615-1868) in #Japan. This period was characterised by conservative and isolationist policies. This woodblock print is part of a series featuring characters of the 16th century civil wars.

As it was close in time to the Edo period, the characters are disguised to represent figures in the Taiheiki (Chronicle of Great Peace). Hence, the difficulty to identify the actual historical figures.

Source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/63364

Today we take a look at woodblock print entitled Akashi Ridayu Hidemoto, by the #Japanese Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1797–1861).

This piece of art dates back to 1845, towards the end of the Edo period (1615-1868) in #Japan. This period was characterised by conservative and isolationist policies. This woodblock print is part of a series featuring characters of the 16th century civil wars.

As it was close in time to the Edo period, the characters are disguised to represent figures in the Taiheiki (Chronicle of Great Peace). Hence, the difficulty to identify the actual historical figures.

Source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/63364

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 28/05/2021

Do you know that Qianlong Emperor (乾隆) of the Qing Dynasty is a dog lover?🐶

The painting series, Ten Fine Hounds (十駿犬圖), is painted 200 years ago by the Jesuit missionary Giuseppe Castiglione (郎世寧), who served as a court painter for three emperors of the Qing Dynasty. Known for infusing European techniques into Chinese themes, he drew this series of silk paintings for Qianlong Emperor who had many hunting dogs.

In Ten Fine Hounds, most dog breeds are related to Sighthounds and bear a resemblance to today’s Greyhounds and Salukis, while only one appears to be a Tibetan Mastiff.

🐶Tell us which one is your favorite 😍

#doglover #dogoftheday #chinesepainting #chineseart #art

Source: 故宮博物院 https://reurl.cc/7rXYZQ

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 27/05/2021

#Kerala Periodicals were written in the Mayalayam language which is one of the spoken languages in #India , predominantly in the state of Kerala.
You can find some of the issues, published between 1939 and 1941, here 👉 https://tinyurl.com/y8upfcfs

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 23/05/2021

The history of Chinese ceramics or pottery has more than ten thousand years, from Neolithic age. In different times the different colors were adopted: blue, green, red, black etc. Also, during different dynasties, different motifs, shapes and techniques were widespread. 🐉❤️

Twitter: https://twitter.com/unitartuames

Sources:
https://www.christies.com/features/Chinese-Ceramics-Collecting-Guide-7224-1.aspx
https://www.britannica.com/art/Chinese-pottery/The-Qing-dynasty-1644-1911-12

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 22/05/2021

You may believe or not in #astrology and #zodiac signs but let's admit that astrology has a long and interesting history. We meet it in almost all civilizations and cultures. ♍️♋️♉

The word Zodiac derives from Ancient #Greek Zodiakos Kyklos (ζῳδιακός κύκλος) and means “cycle or circle of little animals”. However, the division of the ecliptic into zodiac sings originates from Babylonian #astronomy (1st millennium BC). 🐟🦂⚖️🦁

📜 The #Babylonian zodiac had influence on #Hebrew astrology as well. According to some scholars, the creatures that we meet in the book of Ezekiel are signs of zodiac : Lion – Leo, Bull – Ta**us, Man- Aquarius and Eagle – Scorpio.

We meet interesting Zodiac divisions in #Egyptian astrology too. The Dendera zodiac (1st century BC) has the first known division of classical zodiac signs.

🕌 In #Islam, astrology emerged from mix of Indian, Hellenistic Iran and other astrological traditions. The “Fixed of Stars ” is an astronomical text written by Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (Persian Astronomer) around 964 AD.

Below you can check different zodiac signs from the different times and places.

Please open the pictures to see descriptions! Enjoy! 🤩

Twitter: https://twitter.com/unitartuames

Sources:
https://www.clevelandart.org/art/1972.76
https://collections.louvre.fr/ark:/53355/cl010001518
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308994312_Astronomical_Manuscripts_in_Georgia_-_Georgian_Persian_and_Arabic

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 21/05/2021

Hopefully you have seen the #Persian Rugs somewhere and had a possibility to enjoy with its beauty. 🌺

Persian rugs are incredible and essential part of #art and #culture of #Iran. It originated more than 2500 years ago. Persians were among the pioneers in this art. The knowledge of carpet and rug weaving passed down from generation to generation over the centuries. With the growth of international trade, the variety of patterns also grew. Many historian credit Cyrus the Great for introducing this art making in #Persia. The oldest known knotted carpet dates back to the 5th century BC.

The #Isfahan rugs are very famous and rich with its history of carpet production. The city is located in the center of Iran. The rugs has excellent quality. The rugs produced in this city are the best and the most valuable in the world.

The inspiration for the rug designs could be nature, poetry, architecture. For example the famous mosque Shah Lutf Allah was muse for many rug designs. Mostly they were made with cotton, wool, silk and natural dyes that were obtained from plants and insects. 🌸🌼

Below you can see the pictures of some of the oldest and beautiful Persian carpets. 😍

Sources:
https://www.little-persia.com/rug-guides/rug-history
https://www.little-persia.com/rug-guides/rug-origins/isfahan

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 20/05/2021

📚 #Manga 漫画 is the fascinating part of #Japanese #art and #culture. It became the part of Japan’s identity and helped the spread of this identity across the planet. The term itself means #comics and #cartooning. Outside of Japan, the word typically is used to refer to comics originally published in the country. In #Japan people of all ages read manga. 🇯🇵

The modern manga emerged in Japan after World War II. However, many scholars believe that its roots come from 12th and 13h centuries from the series of drawings by several artists under the title Choju-giga . (鳥獣人物戯画, "Animal-person Caricatures"). Their technique of writings are adopted by many manga-ka (Manga makers) today. 🉐

During the Edo Period (1603-1867), another book Toba Eho (鳥羽絵) had a concept of manga.

In 1814 the term again showed up in Hokusai’s #books Hokusai Manga. However, it wasn’t connected to modern Manga and comics.

The golden age of manga arrived at the end of XX century. One of the most successful manga is ONE PIECE.

Check the Blog for more pictures: https://camesunitartu.wordpress.com/blog/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/unitartuames

Sources:
https://www.widewalls.ch/magazine/japanese-manga-comics-history
https://blog.britishmuseum.org/manga-a-brief-history-in-12-works/

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 19/05/2021

Today is the birthday of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later the Gautama #buddha ! 🌸

According to #Buddhist tradition, he was born c 563-482 BCE in April or May. However, in Eastern #Asian countries, this day is celebrated on #May 19, this year. 🌺

Twitter: https://twitter.com/unitartuames/status/1395031310868099075

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 18/05/2021

Bobby Sager presents his new #exhibition “Invisible Sun”, collection of photographs about power of hope and gratitude through the eyes of #children. 📷

You can visit the exhibition in #Tartu from May 3 to August 15. (Central Park, Küüni Street and the Apparatus Factory).

“The exhibition is decorated with #Tibetan prayer flags, which carry the wishes and prayers of all through the winds, wherever or to whom they are intended to reach.”

Let’s raise global awareness on #love , #hope and #Peace ! 🥰💜

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kvw4_cg2CBg

More info 👉 https://tartu.ee/et/uudised/tartus-avatakse-jargmisel-nadalal-bobby-sageri-naitus-invisible-sun

E-Lomake - China's Rise/Asia's Response Conference 10-11 June 18/05/2021

E-Lomake - China's Rise/Asia's Response Conference 10-11 June

📢 Registration for the "NACS & NNC Conference on China's Rise/Asia's Responses" is open NOW!

If you wish to attend as a participant, please register before 31 May, 2021- https://elomake.helsinki.fi/lomakkeet/110949/lomake.html. The organizers will send you links to participate 1 day before the conference.

E-Lomake - China's Rise/Asia's Response Conference 10-11 June Zoom Link will be sent to registered participants only. Link will be sent 1 day before the event. Please do not share link. 

Photos from UniTartu Asia and the Middle East's post 17/05/2021

Let's have a little #magic tonight... 💫

The magical practices have been widespread in the past almost everywhere. People were always keen to believe in something supernatural. Therefore, they were creating magical creatures, ghosts and phantoms with supernatural powers. 👻

The Hyakkai Zukan (百怪図巻, Illustrated Creeps) , was a collection of various yōkai (妖怪, "ghost", "phantom", "strange apparition"- a class of supernatural monsters and spirits in #Japanese #folklore) from the 18th century (published on 1737) by Sawaki Sūshi. It was based on Japanese literature, folklore and artwork.

Below you can check some spirits and monsters from Japanese folklore and myths. 👹

#Kitsune (狐) - fox spirit is a magical and intelligent being and can shape shift into men or women according to yōkai folklore. In some folktales Kitsune can trick others but in others – they are friends, lovers and faithful guardians. 🦊

#Nekomata (猫また) is a kind of a two –tailed cat being. These monsters can speak human language and walk on their hind legs. Nekomatas are violent and malicious towards their masters, killing many people. They can control corpses like puppets and have powerful influence on enslave humans. 😸

#Furaribi is a small flying creature in flames. It has bird body and dog- like face and appears late night at the riverbanks. According to the myth, it is created from the remains of the souls that couldn’t pass to the next life because they didn’t receive proper ceremonial after their death. Therefore, Furaribi is the lost soul. 🔥

For more information, check our blog:
https://camesunitartu.wordpress.com/2021/05/17/japanese-folklore-and-legends/

Twitter: https://twitter.com/unitartuames

Please share some information on famous mythical and magical creatures from your countries' legends, folklore and myths. 👇👻

Sources:
http://yokai.com/nekomata/
https://historyofjapan.co.uk/wiki/hyakkai-zukan/
https://yokai.fandom.com/wiki/Kitsune
http://yokai.com/furaribi/
https://archive.org/details/bakemonozukushie00

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