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Who were the enemies of Prophet Muhammad (saw) in Mecca? 26/03/2024

Muhammad’s (saw) staunch enemies in Mecca were:
Abu Jahl,
Abu Lahab,
Walid bin Mughira,
Umayyah bin Khalaf,
Nazar bin Haris,
Uqbah bin Abi Muayt and
Abu Sufyan
All were leading Quraysh chieftains and elites.

Who were the enemies of Prophet Muhammad (saw) in Mecca? In a Nutshell: Muhammad’s (saw) staunch enemies in Mecca were: Abu Jahl, Abu Lahab, Walid bin Mughira, Umayyah bin Khalaf, Nazar bin Haris, Uqbah bin Abi Muayt and Abu Sufyan All were leading...

Did the caliphate (khilafah) become a monarchy after 30 years? 20/01/2024

Did the caliphate (khilafah) become a monarchy after 30 years?

The nature of the Caliphate (Khilafah) changed after the first 30 years of the Khulafah Rashidah. It became more temporal in nature. The hadith is referring to succession (khilafah) of humility and humbleness will continue for 30 years and then succession (khilafah) will become more authoritative and majestic in nature which is what happened under Muawiyah's rule of 20 years. The system of governance remained Islamic - its style shifted as per the Jibreel hadith from prophet-king to messenger-slave. If one understands the hadith to mean khilafah as a system of governance ended, then the hadith has to be rejected as it contradicts known history where khilafah ended in 1924. However it remained a Caliphate until 1924 when secular nation states emerged.

Did the caliphate (khilafah) become a monarchy after 30 years? In a Nutshell: The nature of the Caliphate (Khilafah) changed after the first 30 years of the Khulafah Rashidah. It became more temporal in nature. The hadith is referring to succession (khilafah) of...

What is the difference between fard kifayah and fard ayn? 21/08/2023

Fard Ayn is an obligation prescribed on each and every individual (such as the daily prayer, fasting etc.) that must be performed by oneself.

Fard Kifayah is a collective obligation upon all the ummah (according to each one's capacity) to perform it (such as jihad, janaza prayer and burial, building mosques, building hospitals, undertaking ijtihad etc.) and if this obligation was dismissed, all the ummah will be considered as sinful (each one according to his capacity).

Sometimes this Fard Kifayah becomes a Fard Ayn upon a certain person or a group if he is the only one capable of executing the obligation, if he is appointed by the ruler or if he initiated it.

What is the difference between fard kifayah and fard ayn? In a Nutshell: Fard Ayn is an obligation prescribed on each and every individual (such as the daily prayer, fasting, … etc.) that must be performed by oneself. Fard Kifayah is a collective...

How easy is it to learn fiqh? 07/06/2023

How easy is it to learn fiqh?

Learning fiqh is challenging, but with the right resources, guidance, and effort, it is possible to understand and apply the principles of fiqh in one's life.

Some helpful resources include books, online courses, websites, Islamic centers, and audio and video lectures.

Additionally, studying with a qualified teacher or mentor, learning Arabic, starting with the basics, studying in a group, practicing and applying what is learned, reading widely and being patient with oneself are all important tips for making the learning process easier.

How easy is it to learn fiqh? Introduction Fiqh, or Islamic jurisprudence, is the study of Islamic law and its application in daily life. It is a complex and nuanced field that requires a good understanding of the Quran, Hadith,...

How does the West control and dominate Muslim countries? 05/06/2023

How does the West control and dominate Muslim countries?

The West has historically exerted influence and control over some Muslim-majority countries through a variety of means, including military intervention, economic policies, and cultural imperialism.

How does the West control and dominate Muslim countries? The West has imposed a sophisticated and intricate web of institutions, systems, agents and military intervention to ensure its hegemony, dominance and control and maintain our enslavement since our...

Was Britain responsible for the largest ever famine in Iran during... 13/01/2023

During World War I, Iran (then known as Persia) experienced a severe famine that resulted in the deaths of an estimated two million people. Some historians argue that the British government played a significant role in causing and exacerbating the famine through its economic policies and actions in Iran.

Was Britain responsible for the largest ever famine in Iran during... In a nutshell, yes! During the nineteenth century, Russia and Britain competed for power and influence in Central Asia where countries, such as Iran, which were treated like pawns on a chessboard.

Was the Prophet Muhammed a king or a slave? 11/11/2022

The Prophet (saw) was offered a choice whether he wished to live like a majestic king or humble slave in his style of rule in Medinah - he opted to live as a humble slave.

Was the Prophet Muhammed a king or a slave? In a Nutshell: The Prophet Muhammed (saw) was offered a choice whether he wished to live like a majestic king or humble slave in his style of rule in Medinah - he opted to live as a humble slave.

Was Britain a force for good in the world? 09/09/2022

Britain has regularly exploited and exhibited brutality against every nation it encountered, systematically followed by cover-ups and rewriting of history to conceal what it has done.
This has continued up until the modern era with British involvement in the war in Yemen, Iraq and Afghanistan to name but a few conflicts.

Was Britain a force for good in the world? In a Nutshell: Britain has regularly exploited and exhibited brutality against every nation it encountered, systematically followed by cover-ups and rewriting of history to conceal what it has done.

How did European powers manage to maintain control of the Muslim... 30/04/2022

How did European powers manage to maintain control of the Muslim world following independence?

Independence ended the sovereignty of European powers over Muslim territories; however, it did not produce states afresh. Despite the rhetoric of planting of new seeds, new states were nothing more than new branches based on a trunk planted during the colonial days.

Colonial institutions, policies and attitudes towards governance determined the direction of the postcolonial nation-state, all developing in the European intellectual, legal and cultural legacy. The machinery of the colonial state was inherited and to varying degrees the model of the colonial state was followed with ideological continuities visible despite the rhetoric of the new leaders. Colonial power ensured all discourse be both hegemonic over and repressive of the Islamic world. It was not a dialogue between equals nor a conversation, but an attempt to reconstitute Islam and Muslims both at the level of consciousness and at the social level.

The impact of this historical experience is not difficult to discern and has been highlighted by numerous researchers.

How did European powers manage to maintain control of the Muslim... This summary of the America/Iranian academic Vali Nasr's work (which appears in the "Oxford History of Islam") answers the question really well: Independence ended the sovereignty of European...

Is it forbidden to have more than one ruler or caliph? 18/02/2022

Is it forbidden to have more than one ruler or caliph?

In a Nutshell: It is categorically forbidden to have more than one ruler or caliph. Some classical jurists allowed for this in exceptional situations of necessity but most scholars disallowed this even in such cases.

https://www.islamiqate.com/147/is-it-forbidden-to-have-more-than-one-ruler-or-caliph

Is it forbidden to have more than one ruler or caliph? In a Nutshell: It is categorically forbidden to have more than one ruler or caliph. Some classical jurists allowed for this in exceptional situations of necessity but most scholars disallowed this...

What is the traditional order of the earliest Quranic suras... 03/12/2021

What is the order of the earliest Quranic suras?

Traditionally, the earliest Qur'anic suras are those revealed in Mecca starting with:
al-Alaq (No. 96);
al-Qalam (No. 68);
al-Muzammil (No. 73);
al-Mudathir (No. 74) to
al-Masad (No. 111).

What is the traditional order of the earliest Quranic suras... In a Nutshell: Traditionally, the earliest Qur'anic suras are those revealed in Mecca starting with al-Alaq (Iqra' No. 96); al-Qalam (Nun No. 68); al-Muzammil (No. 73); al-Mudathir (No. 74)...

Did the Messengers call to Tawheed or Ibadah? 26/11/2021

Did the Messengers call their nations to 'tawheed'?

It is a misconception that the Messenger (saw) or previous messengers called nations to tawhid - no messenger did this.

The Qur'an and Sunnah repeatedly make it clear that the Messenger (saw) and those who preceded him called his nation to ibadah (servitude), namely, to collectively serve Allah alone. This would be via what the Messenger (saw) termed "mana'a and nusrah on the basis of tawheed" i.e. implementing Islam as a ruling system so that his people could live by the deen and then through diplomacy and military intervention ask all mankind to do the same. Whilst tawheed is a part of this, it is but one aspect of many.

Did the Messengers call to Tawheed or Ibadah? The Messenger (saw) called nations (aqwam) to Ibadah (serving Allah) as per the well-known reason Allah created man and jinn. This breaks down into "mana'a/nusrah on the basis of...

What does the phrase which appears in many hadith mean: "dies... 07/08/2021

This phrase appears in many hadith of the Prophet (saw) that ask we give the pledge of allegiance of a ruling caliph or imam:

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من مات بغير امام مات ميتة جاهلية
The Messenger (saw) said: Whoever died without an Imam he dies a death of jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic times). (Musnad Ahmed Vol. 4, p. 96)

The death of jahiliyyah means a death similar to those who lived in pre-Islamic times where the deens were sourced in ignorance rather than revelation.

What does the phrase which appears in many hadith mean: "dies... In a Nutshell: So the death of jahiliyyah means a death similar to those who lived in pre-Islamic times where the deens were sourced in ignorance rather than revelation. This phrase appears in many...

Did the caliphate (khilafah) become a monarchy after 30 years? 24/06/2021

It is often claimed the Khilafah became a monarchy after the first 30 years. Is this true?

Did the caliphate (khilafah) become a monarchy after 30 years? In a Nutshell: The nature of the Caliphate (Khilafah) changed after the first 30 years of the Khulafah Rashidah. It became more temporal in nature however it remained a Caliphate until 1924 when...

19/05/2021

Beware snake oil salesmen condemning the "violence on both sides" and calling for "calm on both sides". There are no "two sides".

One party is a belligerent state with the full might of its military and state institutions and backing of the world's powers.

The other party is the indigenous people fighting back with home-made weapons.

Did Umar ibn al-Khattab bury his daughter alive in the days of... 19/05/2021

The claims that Umar (ra) buried his daughter alive are quite likely fabricated, not appearing in any hadith collection, seerah text or history book.

Did Umar ibn al-Khattab bury his daughter alive in the days of... In a Nutshell: The claims that Umar (ra) buried his daughter alive are quite likely fabricated, not appearing in any hadith collection, seerah text or history book. This story is widespread, cited...

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