IRAN virology

IRAN virology

Contact information, map and directions, contact form, opening hours, services, ratings, photos, videos and announcements from IRAN virology, College & University, .

Timeline photos 10/09/2015

Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology: Human papillomavirus (HPV)-screening technologies and HPV vaccination are revolutionizing the management of cancers related to this virus, in particular, cervical neoplasms. At present, however, the effectiveness of these modalities is not optimal, owing to the limited scope of HPV-vaccination and cervical screening programmes. In this Perspectives, an international panel of experts describes for the first time a new campaign, termed 'HPV-FASTER', which aims to broaden the use of HPV vaccination coupled with HPV testing to women aged up to 30 years, and in some settings up to 50 years, with the aim of accelerating the reduction in the incidence of HPV infections and cervical cancer. The authors describe the evidence supporting this approach and details on how it might be implemented, discuss the opportunities—particularly in low-resource settings—and challenges associated with the strategy, and highlight key research gaps that need to be addressed in future studies. (£)

Timeline photos 24/07/2015


An 18-year-old French woman is in remission from HIV - despite not having taken any drugs against the virus for 12 years.
Doctors have presented the details of her case at an International Aids Society (IAS) conference in Vancouver.
It is the world's first report of long-term remission from HIV in a child.
Experts say big studies are needed to determine why some patients can continue to control the virus after stopping treatment.
The woman was born in 1996, and was passed HIV by her mother - either towards the end of the pregnancy or during childbirth.
Aged three months, she was given four anti-retroviral drugs.
But her family decided to stop the treatment when she was almost six years old.
Twelve years later, the virus levels in her bloodstream are too low to be measured - although doctors have cautioned that this could change.
Dr Asier Saez-Cirion, from the Institut Pasteur, in Paris, said: "It's likely that this girl has been in virological remission for so long because she received a combination of anti-retrovirals very soon after infection.
"With this first, highly documented case of this young woman, we provide the proof of concept that long-term remission is possible in children, as in adults.
"However, these cases are still very rare.
"The woman is living normally. Her case is unique but had gone unnoticed, even among clinicians in France."
Two years ago, a young girl in America - who became known as the "Mississippi baby" - appeared to be free of HIV.
But her remission lasted for just over two years after drug treatment was stopped.
Dr Saez-Cirion has also led research into a group of 14 adult patients known as the Visconti cohort.
They also had no signs of the virus re-emerging, despite stopping medicine. One of the patients has had the virus under control for more than 13 years.


Prof Sharon Lewin, from the University of Melbourne, in Australia, said: "The French teenager case provides strong evidence yet again of the powerful benefits of starting anti-HIV treatment as early as possible.
"This is an inspiring story for those of us working in this field, and for everyone living with HIV."
Prof Lewin added: "Important though this case is, I strongly believe that to advance our efforts towards finding a cure for HIV, we need large prospective studies that can nail down who might be able to safely stop anti-viral therapy and keep the virus under control.
"A single case report is unable to do that.
"We need to identify a robust test to measure very low levels of virus or find a better way to predict this idea of post-treatment control.
"If we had such a test, this would really help move clinical trials in the HIV cure field forward."
The French virologist Francoise Barre-Sinoussi, who won the Nobel Prize for identifying HIV, also backed the idea of large studies.
She told BBC News: "We need to try to find other such cases - and find out their markers, to see whether we can predict remission.
"The case of the Mississippi baby was of course very disappointing for the child and her family.
"But we learn as much from the negative as well as the positive data. It shows that the science around HIV is maturing." (Source - BBC)

Timeline photos 13/07/2015

Nature Reviews Microbiology: In this article, Eric Freed reviews recent progress in elucidating the steps involved in HIV-1 assembly, release and maturation, highlighting how these events are orchestrated by the viral Gag precursor protein and how this information is being used to develop novel anti-HIV-1 therapeutics. (£)

The Stages of HIV Infection | AIDSinfo 11/07/2015

The Stages of HIV Infection | AIDSinfo Fact sheets about HIV/AIDS treatment information, the prevention of mother-to-child transmission, and HIV treatment side effects. All the fact sheets are written specifically for patients in easy to read language.

Timeline photos 11/07/2015

Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology: The function of p53 as a tumour suppressor has been attributed to its ability to promote cell death or permanently inhibit cell proliferation. However, p53 can also contribute to cell survival by regulating various metabolic pathways to allow cells to adapt to mild metabolic stresses. (£)

Timeline photos 06/07/2015

Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology: Secretory diarrhoeas are a major cause of mortality and morbidity globally, especially in vulnerable populations such as children and the elderly. Diarrhoea has many environmental causes such as infection with bacteria or viruses, but it can also be a result of genetic defects. In this Review the authors describe the pathogenic mechanisms of secretory diarrhoea and discuss the available therapies and experimental therapies that are being developed. (£)

Timeline photos 30/06/2015

Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology: Tumour-promoting inflammation is an enabling characteristic of many cancers. Conversely, many cancers can cause inflammation. Inflammation in the tumour microenvironment arises from the interplay of many different inflammatory cells and mediators, many of which are potential treatment targets. Herein, the authors review our current knowledge of the interplay between inflammation and tumorigenesis and discuss the potential of treatments that target cancer-related inflammation. (£)

Timeline photos 18/06/2015

Nature Reviews Disease Primers: Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) infection can cause inflammation and degeneration of the spinal cord — HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). Here, Bangham et al. summarize the pathogenesis and clinical management of this devastating disease and highlight open research questions. Read the Primer at and for an illustrated summary see the PrimeView at

Timeline photos 17/06/2015

Our FDA-Approved Medicines fact sheet includes a list of all antiretroviral (ARV) medications, organized by drug class. Click on each drug name to view more info about each drug!

HIV and AIDS Animation 03/06/2015

HIV and AIDS Animation This 3D medical animation shows the function of white blood cells in normal immunity. It also portrays how the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) affe...

Timeline photos 11/05/2015

May 10-16 is National Women’s Health Week! Visit our Health Topics page to view resources about women and :

Timeline photos 11/05/2015

Nature Reviews Microbiology: In this Review, Malim and colleagues discuss the evidence that type I interferons (IFNs) can control HIV-1 replication in vivo and debate the controversial role of IFNs in promoting the pathological sequelae of chronic HIV-1 infection. (£)

HIV and Osteoporosis | HIV/AIDS Fact Sheets | AIDSinfo 03/02/2015

HIV and Osteoporosis | HIV/AIDS Fact Sheets | AIDSinfo Fact sheets about HIV/AIDS treatment information, the prevention of mother-to-child transmission, and HIV treatment side effects. All the fact sheets are written specifically for patients in easy to read language.

7 Things You Didn't Know About Your Blood 28/01/2015

7 Things You Didn't Know About Your Blood Learn the truth about blood with these little-known facts, from your blood type and memory problems to coconut water used as a substitute for blood plasma.

Want your school to be the top-listed School/college?