Ignited MINDS Science CLUB

Ignited MINDS Science CLUB

Do visit our website at sandeeppoddar123.wordpress.com. We organise, conduct and support a wide rang

Operating as usual

24/03/2024
14/03/2024

🎉 **Happy Pi Day!** 🎉

On this special day, as we celebrate the mathematical constant π (approximately 3.14), let's take a moment to reflect on the remarkable minds that have shaped our understanding of the universe.

🌟 **Albert Einstein** 🌟
Born on March 14, 1879, Einstein was a genius whose theories revolutionized physics. His theory of relativity transformed our understanding of space, time, and gravity. From E=mc² to his iconic wild hair, Einstein remains an enduring symbol of intellectual curiosity and scientific exploration.

🌟 **Stephen Hawking** 🌟
Hawking, born on the same day as Einstein, March 14, left an indelible mark on theoretical physics. Despite battling ALS, he delved into the mysteries of black holes, the nature of the cosmos, and the fabric of spacetime. His book "A Brief History of Time" captivated millions, making complex concepts accessible to all.

🔍 **The Cosmic Coincidence:**
It's fascinating that Hawking passed away on Pi Day, aligning with Einstein's birthday. Perhaps the universe conspired to honor these brilliant minds on this auspicious date. 🌌

Let's raise a metaphorical π-shaped toast to Einstein, Hawking, and the infinite wonders of science! 🥧🌠



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📚 **"Einstein And Hawking: Masters Of Our Universe"** is a captivating exploration of their lives, theories, and legacies. Dive into their world and unravel the mysteries of the cosmos! 🌌📖.

11/02/2024

2024 February 11

Rocket Plume Shadow Points to the Moon
Image Credit: Pat McCracken, NASA

Why would the shadow of a rocket's launch plume point toward the Moon? In early 2001 during a launch of the space shuttle Atlantis, the Sun, Earth, Moon, and rocket were all properly aligned for this photogenic coincidence. First, for the space shuttle's plume to cast a long shadow, the time of day must be either near sunrise or sunset. Only then will the shadow be its longest and extend all the way to the horizon. Finally, during a Full Moon, the Sun and Moon are on opposite sides of the sky. Just after sunset, for example, the Sun is slightly below the horizon, and, in the other direction, the Moon is slightly above the horizon. Therefore, as Atlantis blasted off, just after sunset, its shadow projected away from the Sun toward the opposite horizon, where the Full Moon happened to be.

Almost Hyperspace: Random APOD Generator

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Photos from Ignited MINDS Science CLUB's post 06/02/2024

2024 February 6

NGC 1566: A Spiral Galaxy from Webb and Hubble
Image Credit & Copyright: NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, J. Lee (STScI), T. Williams (Oxford), R. Chandar (UToledo), D. Calzetti (UMass), PHANGS Team

What's different about this galaxy? Very little, which makes the Spanish Dancer galaxy, NGC 1566, one of the most typical and photogenic spirals on the sky. There is something different about this galaxy image, though, because it is a diagonal combination of two images: one by the Hubble Space Telescope on the upper left, and the other by the James Webb Space Telescope on the lower right. The Hubble image was taken in ultraviolet light and highlights the locations of bright blue stars and dark dust along the galaxy's impressive spiral arms. In contrast, the Webb image was taken in infrared light and highlights where the same dust emits more light than it absorbed. In the rollover image, the other two sides of these images are revealed. Blinking between the two images shows which stars are particularly hot because they glow brighter in ultraviolet light, and the difference between seemingly empty space and infrared-glowing dust.

Image Crunching Opportunity: Take NASA's Astrophoto Challenge

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05/02/2024

2024 February 5

In the Core of the Carina Nebula
Image Credit & Copyright: Carlos Taylor

What's happening in the core of the Carina Nebula? Stars are forming, dying, and leaving an impressive tapestry of dark dusty filaments. The entire Carina Nebula, cataloged as NGC 3372, spans over 300 light years and lies about 8,500 light-years away in the constellation of Carina. The nebula is composed predominantly of hydrogen gas, which emits the pervasive red and orange glows seen mostly in the center of this highly detailed featured image. The blue glow around the edges is created primarily by a trace amount of glowing oxygen. Young and massive stars located in the nebula's center expel dust when they explode in supernovas. Eta Carinae, the most energetic star in the nebula's center, was one of the brightest stars in the sky in the 1830s, but then faded dramatically.

✨Your Sky Surprise: What picture did APOD feature on your birthday? (post 1995)

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04/02/2024

2024 February 4

The Cone Nebula from Hubble
Image Credit: Hubble Legacy Archive, NASA, ESA - Processing & Licence: Judy Schmidt

Stars are forming in the gigantic dust pillar called the Cone Nebula. Cones, pillars, and majestic flowing shapes abound in stellar nurseries where natal clouds of gas and dust are buffeted by energetic winds from newborn stars. The Cone Nebula, a well-known example, lies within the bright galactic star-forming region NGC 2264. The Cone was captured in unprecedented detail in this close-up composite of several observations from the Earth-orbiting Hubble Space Telescope. While the Cone Nebula, about 2,500 light-years away in Monoceros, is around 7 light-years long, the region pictured here surrounding the cone's blunted head is a mere 2.5 light-years across. In our neck of the galaxy that distance is just over half way from our Sun to its nearest stellar neighbors in the Alpha Centauri star system. The massive star NGC 2264 IRS, seen by Hubble's infrared camera in 1997, is the likely source of the wind sculpting the Cone Nebula and lies off the top of the image. The Cone Nebula's reddish veil is produced by dust and glowing hydrogen gas.

Discuss | About APOD

30/01/2024

2024 January 30

SLIM Lands on the Moon
Image Credit & Copyright: JAXA, Takara Tomy, Sony Co., Doshisha U.

New landers are on the Moon. Nearly two weeks ago, Japan's Smart Lander for Investigating Moon (SLIM) released two rovers as it descended, before its main lander touched down itself. The larger of the two rovers can hop like a frog, while the smaller rover is about the size of a baseball and can move after pulling itself apart like a transformer. The main lander, nicknamed Moon Sniper, is seen in the featured image taken by the smaller rover. Inspection of the image shows that Moon Sniper's thrusters are facing up, meaning that the lander is upside down from its descent configuration and on its side from its intended landing configuration. One result is that Moon Sniper's solar panels are not in the expected orientation, so that powering the lander had to be curtailed and adapted. SLIM's lander has already succeeded as a technology demonstration, its main mission, but was not designed to withstand the lunar night -- which starts tomorrow.

Discuss | About APOD

23/08/2023

This day would be a part of the Textbooks..
Happy to have witnessed this day!
Kudus to the endeavouring team behind the .

Jai Hind!

27/07/2023

We miss you!!
Our Inspiration..our beloved Dr. Kalam!

10/05/2023

🎉 Happy Birthday, Cecilia Payne! 🌟
Today, we celebrate the remarkable life and groundbreaking achievements of one of the most influential astrophysicists of all time. Cecilia Payne, born on this day, continues to inspire us with her extraordinary contributions to our understanding of the cosmos.

Cecilia Payne's pioneering spirit and unwavering determination paved the way for women in science. In an era when gender barriers were daunting, she fearlessly pursued her passion for astrophysics, leaving an indelible mark on the field. Payne's revolutionary research challenged conventional wisdom and forever changed our understanding of the universe.

Her groundbreaking Ph.D. thesis, which boldly proposed that hydrogen is the most abundant element in stars, fundamentally reshaped our understanding of stellar composition. Despite initial skepticism, her findings were eventually recognized as a cornerstone of modern astrophysics, a testament to her intellect and foresight.

Beyond her scientific brilliance, Cecilia Payne's legacy also lies in her trailblazing spirit, encouraging countless individuals to pursue their dreams. She shattered the glass ceiling and inspired generations of women to break free from societal constraints, reminding us that the pursuit of knowledge knows no bounds.

Today, as we celebrate Cecilia Payne's birthday, let us honor her by fostering an inclusive and diverse scientific community. Let's empower the next generation of astronomers, astrophysicists, and scientists from all walks of life, so they may continue to build upon her extraordinary legacy.

Cecilia Payne, your passion for knowledge, your groundbreaking discoveries, and your unwavering determination continue to inspire us all. On your special day, we express our gratitude for the path you paved and the doors you opened.

Happy Birthday, Cecilia Payne! 🌌✨ May your legacy shine as bright as the stars you helped us understand.

01/03/2023

The exciting story behind the discovery
of radioactivity!

On this day March 1 in 1896, the world of science was revolutionized when French physicist Henri Becquerel made a serendipitous discovery while studying phosphorescent materials. While investigating X-rays, which had recently been discovered by Wilhelm Roentgen, Becquerel hypothesized that phosphorescent uranium salts might absorb sunlight and re-emit it as X-rays. To test this, he placed crystals of uranium salts on photographic plates wrapped in black paper and exposed the setup to the sun. When he developed the plates, he observed an outline of the crystals and blackening of the plates, which he initially thought was evidence of his hypothesis.

However, when the weather in Paris prevented further experimentation, he put the uranium salts and photographic plates away in a drawer. On March 1, when he finally retrieved them, he was surprised to see a clear image of the crystals on the photographic plates. He realized he had observed something spectacular that had nothing to do with phosphorescence. The uranium salts emitted some invisible radiation, which was given the name "Becquerel Rays."

This accidental discovery of radioactivity led to further research by Marie Curie and Pierre Curie, who discovered two other elements with similar properties: polonium and radium. In 1903, Becquerel and the Curies were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their groundbreaking work in radioactivity. This discovery paved the way for numerous scientific and medical applications, including cancer treatments and nuclear power.

28/02/2023

Today is National Science Day, 28 Feb 2023, commemorating the contributions of Sir Chandrashekhar Venkatraman in the field of Physics. This day marks the discovery of Raman Effect.

The discovery of the Raman Effect was a groundbreaking development in the field of physics, with numerous practical applications in fields such as chemistry, biology, and materials science. For example, the Raman Effect can be used to identify the chemical composition of a substance, determine its molecular structure, and measure the temperature and pressure of a system.

The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Sir CV Raman in 1930 in recognition of his discovery of the Raman Effect. The Nobel Committee recognized the significance of Raman's work, stating that "The Raman Effect has given physicists a new and valuable method for investigating the structure of matter, and has opened up new fields of research."

Furthermore, Raman's work on the Raman Effect was not only scientifically significant, but it also had important practical applications. For example, Raman spectroscopy is now widely used in fields such as pharmaceuticals, environmental science, and forensics.

In honor of this discovery, the Indian government declared February 28th as National Science Day in 1986. The day is celebrated with various activities and events organized by educational institutions, research organizations, and government agencies across the country. The aim is to promote scientific temper and encourage young students to take up science as a career.

14/07/2022

The Milky Way moving over the summit of Mount Everest at 22,000 feet (6,700 m). Airglow, faint planetary emissions of light, reflect off the ancient glacier ice below.

National Geographic

30/06/2022

This is a dugong 🤍

Gentle sea giants that can weigh up to 800 pounds, they are commonly called “sea-cows.” 🐮

Unfortunately, this species is threatened by sea grass habitat loss, which makes up most of their diet.

National Geographic

23/06/2022

This cranchiid squid, Helicocranchia, has quite a few nicknames from our deep-sea biologists. It’s called the pig-nosed, helicopter-tailed, and hippo-squid, depending on who you ask, of course. What nickname would you give it?

National Geographic

23/06/2022

The sweetest wobbles 🐧🥰

National Geographic

15/06/2022

Here's Mike Coots showing us what it's like to meet a great white shark eye-to-eye. 😳 This unimaginable footage was shot in Guadalupe Island in Mexico, a top destination for great white shark encounters. 🇲🇽

Sharks play a vital role in keeping marine ecosystems balanced and healthy. Sharks are also not hungry man-eaters looking for any chance to attack—most "attacks" on humans are mistakes due to poor water visibility or are inquisitive bites. The biggest threats to sharks are actually humans who hunt them, so let's please respect and appreciate their role on earth and break the stigma toward them. ✔️

How did this video make you feel? 🦈

📍 Guadalupe Island, Mexico

National Geographic

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