Department of English, GPGC Swabi

Department of English, GPGC Swabi

Department of English, GPGC Swabi.


"The Moon"
by Christina Rossetti

Is the moon tired? she looks so pale
Within her misty veil:
She scales the sky from east to west,
And takes no rest.

Before the coming of the night
The moon shows papery white;
Before the dawning of the day
She fades away

(Art: Lunar Blessing by Emile Corsi, 1863)


"Men always want to be a woman's first love. That is their clumsy vanity. We women have a more subtle instinct about things. What we like is to be a man's last romance. "

By Oscar Wilde, A Woman of No Importance


💞📖“I do, I do like him,” she replied, with tears in her eyes, “I love him. Indeed he has no improper pride. He is perfectly amiable.”

📚 Elizabeth Bennet about Mr Darcy, from Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice

(📸 Keira Knightley as Elizabeth Bennet and Matthew McFadyen as Mr Darcy in 🎬 Pride and Prejudice 2005)


"She Walks in Beauty" by Lord Byron

She walks in beauty, like the night
Of cloudless climes and starry skies;
And all that’s best of dark and bright
Meet in her aspect and her eyes;
Thus mellowed to that tender light
Which heaven to gaudy day denies.

One shade the more, one ray the less,
Had half impaired the nameless grace
Which waves in every raven tress,
Or softly lightens o’er her face;
Where thoughts serenely sweet express,
How pure, how dear their dwelling-place.

And on that cheek, and o’er that brow,
So soft, so calm, yet eloquent,
The smiles that win, the tints that glow,
But tell of days in goodness spent,
A mind at peace with all below,
A heart whose love is innocent!


Robert Frost's The Span Of Life

The old dog barks backwards without getting up.
I can remember when he was a pup.


"Happiness is in the quiet, ordinary things. A table, a chair, a book with a paper-knife stuck between the pages. And the petal falling from the rose, and the light flickering as we sit silent."
— Virginia Woolf, The Waves

Painting by Michael Handt


“What’s in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other name would smell as sweet.”

Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet


Emily Dickinson

''If I can stop one heart from breaking,
I shall not live in vain;
If I can ease one life the aching,
Or cool one pain,
Or help one fainting robin
Unto his nest again,
I shall not live in vain.''
By Emily Dickinson


Diction adds perfection.


Calling young English language teachers at colleges/universities!

Are you an early career English language teacher at a Pakistani college or university? USEFP invites you to apply for the 2025 Fulbright Foreign Language Teaching Assistant (FLTA) Program and take advantage of the opportunity to enhance your teaching skills.

To learn about the requirements of the program and how to apply, visit

The application deadline is Wednesday, April 3, 2024,

For any questions related to the application, please email [email protected]


Thinking about pursuing your master's or PhD degree in the United States? We invite you to participate in a graduate camp in Islamabad where you can gain valuable insights into the U.S. graduate school application process.

We'll discuss tips for building college lists and exploring funding and scholarship opportunities for graduate admissions. We'll also cover tips for writing a compelling college essay for the upcoming application cycle.

Register below 👇

Day 01 (Tuesday, February 27):
Day 02 (Wednesday, February 28):
Day 03 (Thursday, February 29):

Please note that the location will be disclosed after confirmation of registration.


“Do not ask your children
to strive for extraordinary lives.
Such striving may seem admirable,
but it is the way of foolishness.
Help them instead to find the wonder
and the marvel of an ordinary life.
Show them the joy of tasting
tomatoes, apples and pears.
Show them how to cry
when pets and people die.
Show them the infinite pleasure
in the touch of a hand.
And make the ordinary come alive for them.”
The extraordinary will take care of itself.
~William Martin
(Art: Brandywine Museum of Art)

(Book: The Parent's Tao Te Ching


“He's more myself than I am. Whatever our souls are made of, his and mine are the same.”

― Emily Brontë, Wuthering Heights


Thomas Hardy's "The Mayor of Casterbridge" is a novel of character and fate, exploring the depths of human emotion, the inexorable force of past misdeeds, and the struggle for redemption. Published in 1886, the novel is set in the fictional town of Casterbridge (based on the real town of Dorchester in Dorset), and it follows the rise and fall of Michael Henchard, a man whose impulsive actions set the stage for his tragic downfall.

Summary of The Mayor of Casterbridge

The novel begins with a shocking act: Michael Henchard, in a drunken rage, sells his wife and daughter to a sailor at a country fair. Upon sobering up, he realizes the gravity of his deed and vows to abstain from alcohol for 21 years, equal to the number of years he has lived. Henchard's life then takes a dramatic turn as he rises to become a successful grain merchant and the respected Mayor of Casterbridge.

Years later, Henchard's wife, Susan, and his now-grown daughter, Elizabeth-Jane, return to seek him out after the sailor is presumed dead. Henchard's attempt to right his past wrong by remarrying Susan and accepting Elizabeth-Jane as his own leads to a series of events that unravel his life. The arrival of Donald Farfrae, a young Scotsman whose innovative methods contrast with Henchard's traditionalism, sets off a rivalry that ultimately leads to Henchard's professional and personal ruin.

As Henchard's fortunes decline, his character flaws—pride, jealousy, and impulsiveness—become more pronounced. His attempts to manipulate the lives of those around him backfire, and he is left isolated and destitute. The novel concludes with Henchard's tragic demise, a poignant reflection of his internal turmoil and the inexorable consequences of his earlier actions.

Critical Analysis

Character and Fate

Henchard is a classic Hardy protagonist, deeply flawed and subject to the whims of fate. Hardy explores the theme of character as destiny, suggesting that Henchard's downfall is as much a product of his own nature as it is of external circumstances. The novel raises questions about free will versus determinism, as Henchard seems both the architect of his own demise and a victim of cruel fate.

Social Change and Modernity

"The Mayor of Casterbridge" is set against the backdrop of a changing society. The contrast between Henchard and Farfrae represents the tension between tradition and progress, with Farfrae's modern methods and attitudes prevailing. Hardy critiques the impersonal nature of modernity, which values progress and efficiency over individual lives and relationships.

The Rural Landscape

Hardy's portrayal of the rural landscape is more than mere setting; it is a reflection of the characters' inner lives. The novel's environment mirrors the characters' emotional states and serves as a commentary on their actions. Hardy's use of the Wessex countryside is a hallmark of his work, grounding the narrative in a specific and vividly rendered place.

The Role of Women

The women in "The Mayor of Casterbridge," particularly Susan and Elizabeth-Jane, are portrayed as victims of Henchard's impulsive decisions. However, they also exhibit resilience and adaptability. Elizabeth-Jane's development throughout the novel from a naive girl to a mature woman contrasts with Henchard's inability to change, highlighting the theme of adaptability as a means of survival.

Tragedy and Redemption

Henchard's story is a modern tragedy. His final act of penance, leaving behind a will that asks for no memorial, reflects his recognition of his faults and his desire for redemption. Hardy presents a complex view of morality, where Henchard is neither fully condemned nor absolved by the novel's end.


"The Mayor of Casterbridge" is a richly textured novel that delves into the complexities of human nature and the inexorable force of past actions. Hardy's exploration of character, social change, and the rural landscape creates a compelling narrative that resonates with readers long after the final page is turned. Henchard's tragic journey is a powerful testament to the enduring themes of fate, redemption, and the human condition.


“The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which”


Dear students, mark your calendars.




"Gulliver's Travels" by Jonathan Swift.

"Gulliver's Travels" by Jonathan Swift is a satirical novel published in 1726. It tells the story of Lemuel Gulliver's voyages to various fantastical lands, including Lilliput, Brobdingnag, Laputa, and the land of the Houyhnhnms.

The novel is renowned for its sharp satire and hidden meanings, often criticizing various aspects of society and humanity. Here are a few key themes in "Gulliver's Travels":

1. **Political Satire**: The book satirizes the political landscape of Swift's time. For instance, the conflict between the tiny Lilliputians and the giant Brobdingnagians can be seen as a commentary on the petty disputes among European nations.

2. **Social Critique**: Swift uses the differences between the societies Gulliver encounters to critique various aspects of British society, such as the legal system, government corruption, and the role of the monarchy.

3. **Human Nature**: Gulliver's encounters with different societies highlight the flaws in human nature. The Houyhnhnms, a rational horse-like species, are contrasted with the Yahoos, a degenerate and brutish human-like species, emphasizing the dark aspects of humanity.

4. **Religious and Philosophical Critique**: Swift uses the Laputians and their obsession with theoretical knowledge to criticize the over-intellectualization of society. The Struldbrugs represent the idea of immortality as a curse, critiquing the pursuit of eternal life.

5. **Colonialism and Imperialism**: Gulliver's travels can also be seen as a reflection on the British Empire's expansion and colonialism. His experiences with the Lilliputians and the Houyhnhnms touch on the theme of European imperialism.

6. **Human Size**: The changing scale of Gulliver throughout the book may symbolize the relativity of power and perspective, highlighting how one's status in society can shift based on circumstances.

In "Gulliver's Travels," Swift employs allegory, irony, and symbolism to convey his critical views on politics, society, and human nature. The hidden meanings and satirical elements in the book continue to make it a rich source for analysis and interpretation.


Winter Has Appeared With Dense Fog And Snow

Winter has appeared with dense fog and snow.
The North wind is very happy to blow
O'er each and every garden of the earth.
It'll try to enter the door of our heart.

Everyone is afraid of the cold wind
Which may freeze every tender heart and mind
Like the frozen water in the North sea
Or stop the pulse of every heart slowly.

We will certainly resist the rough wind
With the holiness of our heart and mind.
Our earth will never be frozen like ice
As our true Love will make it warm and nice.

Every time we will protect our own earth
With the warmth and light of our sacred Love.

By Dipankar Sadhukhan
Kolkata, India.
Lyric No: 102.
Copyrights@January13,2016(11: 25pm)


Hey folks! Mark your calendar on 20th February 2024! Submit your abstracts at abstracts@ [email protected].


Simon Armitage: Poet Laureate of England

Simon Armitage was born in Marsden, a village in West Yorkshire, England. He earned a BA from Portsmouth University in geography, and an MS in social work from Manchester University, where he studied the impact of televised violence on young offenders. He worked as a probation officer for six years before focusing on poetry. From 2015 to 2019, he served as Professor of Poetry at the University of Oxford, and in 2017 he was appointed Professor of Poetry at the University of Leeds. He was named UK Poet Laureate in 2019. The recipient of numerous honors and awards, Armitage was named the Millennium Poet in 1999, a Fellow of the Royal Society for Literature in 2004, and a Commander of the British Empire in 2010. In 2014 he was awarded the Cholmondeley Award.

Known for his deadpan delivery, Armitage’s formally assured, often darkly comic poetry is influenced by the work of Ted Hughes, W.H. Auden, and Philip Larkin. As a reviewer for the observed, “With his acute eye for modern life, Armitage is an updated version of Wordsworth’s ‘man talking to men.’”

Armitage is the author of numerous collections of poetry, including Magnetic Field: The Marsden Poems (2020); Sandettie Light Vessel Automatic (2019); The Unaccompanied (2017); Paper Aeroplane: Selected Poems 1989–2014 (2014); Seeing Stars (2010); Tyrannosaurus Rex Versus the Corduroy Kid (2006); The Shout: Selected Poems (2005), which was short-listed for the National Book Critics Circle Award; Kid (1992), which won the Forward Prize; and his first collection, Zoom! (1989), a Poetry Society Book Choice. Several of his collections have also been short-listed for the Whitbread Prize and the T.S. Eliot Prize. He has won an Eric Gregory Award and a Lannan Award, and was chosen as a Sunday Times Author of the Year. His translation of Sir Gawain and the Green Night (2007) from Middle English was selected as a Book of the Year by both the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times. His other translations from medieval English include The Death of King Arthur (2011), which was awarded the Poetry Society Choice Hay Medal for Poetry, and Pearl (2016).

Armitage has also published fiction, including the novels The White Stuff (2004) and Little Green Man (2001), and the memoir All Points North (1998), which was chosen as a Yorkshire Post Book of the Year. He has written extensively for radio, television, film, and theater, including the libretto for the opera The Assassin Tree (2006), the play Mister Heracles (2000), based on Euripedes’s The Madness of Heracles, and the film Xanadu (1992). His radio play Black Roses: The Killing of Sophie Lancaster (2011) was short-listed for the Ted Hughes Award as well as adapted for stage and screen. He co-authored Moon Country (1996) with Glyn Maxwell, which retraced the 1936 travels of W.H. Auden and Louis MacNeice in Iceland. He co-edited, with Robert Crawford, The Penguin Anthology of Poetry from Britain and Ireland Since 1945 (1998), and edited Short and Sweet: 101 Very Short Poems (1999).

Armitage has also performed as a member of the band The Scaremongers. His poetry is often influenced by music, a connection he pursues in his nonfiction book Gig (2008). His nonfiction book Walking Home (2012), an account of his journey along the Pennine Way, was a Sunday Times Bestseller and was short-listed for the 2012 Portico Prize. His follow-up book, Walking Away (2015), was also a Sunday Times Bestseller.

Armitage has taught at the University of Leeds, the Iowa Writers’ Workshop, Princeton University, and Manchester Metropolitan University. His Oxford lectures are available online in the University of Oxford podcast series Poetry with Simon Armitage. He lives in West Yorkshire.


The fog comes
on little cat feet.

It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on.


"The Passing of the Year"
By Robert W. Service

My glass is filled, my pipe is lit,
My den is all a cosy glow;
And snug before the fire I sit,
And wait to feelthe old year go.
I dedicate to solemn thought
Amid my too-unthinking days,
This sober moment, sadly fraught
With much of blame, with little praise.
Old Year! upon the Stage of Time
You stand to bow your last adieu;
A moment, and the prompter's chime
Will ring the curtain down on you.
Your mien is sad, your step is slow;
You falter as a Sage in pain;
Yet turn, Old Year, before you go,
And face your audience again.
That sphinx-like face, remote, austere,
Let us all read, whate'er the cost:
O Maiden! why that bitter tear?
Is it for dear one you have lost?
Is it for fond illusion gone?
For trusted lover proved untrue?
O sweet girl-face, so sad, so wan
What hath the Old Year meant to you?
And you, O neighbour on my right
So sleek, so prosperously clad!
What see you in that aged wight
That makes your smile so gay and glad?
What opportunity unmissed?
What golden gain, what pride of place?
What splendid hope? O Optimist!
What read you in that withered face?
And You, deep shrinking in the gloom,
What find you in that filmy gaze?
What menace of a tragic doom?
What dark, condemning yesterdays?
What urge to crime, what evil done?
What cold, confronting shape of fear?
O haggard, haunted, hidden One
What see you in the dying year?
And so from face to face I flit,
The countless eyes that stare and stare;
Some are with approbation lit,
And some are shadowed with despair.
Some show a smile and some a frown;
Some joy and hope, some pain and woe:
Enough! Oh, ring the curtain down!
Old weary year! it's time to go.
My pipe is out, my glass is dry;
My fire is almost ashes too;
But once again, before you go,
And I prepare to meet the New:
Old Year! a parting word that's true,
For we've been comrades, you and I --
I thank God for each day of you;
There! bless you now! Old Year, good-bye!


Read, read and read.




The Ancient Mariner would not have taken so well if it had been called The Old Sailor.

Samuel Butler


She was beautiful


📢 Faculty Update: Highlighting our commitment to research excellence! Imtiaz Ahmad, our dedicated English lecturer, has recently published a paper titled "Dehumanizing Metaphors used in the War on Terror Discourse" in the International Journal of Human and Society. Congratulations, Imtiaz, on this exceptional contribution! 📝👏🎉

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