Instant biology

Instant biology

Interesting facts...

Photos from Instant biology's post 24/01/2021

Is Golden Birdwing is butterfly .....🤔

Yep 'Golden Birdwing is the largest butterfly of India.

Scientifically called as Troides aeacus.Found in Himalayan region.

Earlier another butterfly named the 'Southern Birdwing' was holding the record of country's largest butterfly for 88 years,as it was recorded by butterfly researcher in 1932.

But now the largest butterfly is Female Golden Birdwing with a wingspan of 194 mm.



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Photos from Instant biology's post 30/12/2020

Bee dance called as Waggle dance...

Honeybees try to find the most pollen and nectar in the least amount of time possible. When a good flower patch is found they communicate it to other bees in the hive through WAGGLE DANCE.

The bee returns to hive and performs a Waggle dance while other bees are the audience.

The dancing bee waggles back and forth as she moves forward in straight line,then circles around to repeat the dance. The length of middle line called waggle run shows how far is the DISTANCE to the flower patch .

Besides distance ,they also get the direction of the flower patch based on sun. They look at the position of the sun and fly at the angle away from the sun. They also use round dance for shorter distances.

Thus Waggle and round dance helps the bees to communicate and reach the specific flower patch.




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Photos from Instant biology's post 30/12/2020
Timeline photos 26/09/2020

In every change, in every falling leaf there is some pain, some beauty. And that's the way new leaves grow.


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eaf there is some pain, some beauty. And that's the way new leaves grow.

Photos from Instant biology's post 22/09/2020

Why do we will feel quite rough on our tongue after eating too much pineapple 🍍.

The irritation is caused by a combination of enzymes in pineapples called BROMELIAN which break down proteins and essentially attack your tongue, cheeks, and lips on contact. But once you chew and swallow it, both your saliva and stomach acids overtake them.

Bromelain has its uses in medicine and in the tenderisation of meat.

Tenderisation of meat is defined as the breaking down of collagen in meat to make it more palatable and bromelain does the same by degrading the collagen fibres of meat as bromelain is a mixture of two proteases.

When you eat pineapple, bromelain does this same protein degradation on your mouth this is why eating too much pineapple will irritate your tongue.



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Timeline photos 20/09/2020

Guess.... What it is.... 🤔🤔🤔




Photos from Instant biology's post 15/09/2020

Do you know why spittle bugs makes foamy layer...

Spittlebugs feed on plant sap and then excrete bubbly foam to create a protective fortress around themselves.

These bugs create the mass of bubbles by emitting air from their abdomen into their copious and watery urine, mixed with some sticky fluid to aid in bubble formation leading to form Foamy house.These fluid is secreted from malphigian tubules

Special purpose of the foam was to protect it's eggs and itself from other insects and birds. It keeps them hidden

Another purpose found to aid in creating a constant thermal microhabitat despite environmental temperature fluctuations.


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Photos from Instant biology's post 10/09/2020

Why do the natural 🍯 do not spoil if it is sealed properly....

The reason for the magical longevity of honey lies in its biological makeup.

Honey is naturally extremely acidic. “It has a pH that falls between 3 and 4.5, approximately, and that acid will kill off almost anything that wants to grow there.

Bees 🐝 also have an enzyme in their stomachs called glucose oxidase (PDF). When the bees regurgitate the nectar from their mouths into the combs to make honey, this enzyme mixes with the nectar, breaking it down into two by-products: gluconic acid and hydrogen peroxide.

Hdrogen peroxide is the next thing that goes into work against all these other bad things that could possibly grow.”

Even though honey doesn’t have an expiration date, it can still undergo natural changes.
over time honey may “darken and lose its aroma and flavor or crystallize,” depending on changes in temperature...


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Photos from Instant biology's post 06/09/2020

Why do they take photographs of eyes while issuing aadhar card...

Eyes are the window to our identity.Actually they record the pattern of Iris in the eye. Pupil is the colored part of the eye which helps regulate the amount of light entering the eye.

DNA determines the color and structure of the iris, but its random pits, furrows, swirls, and rifts occur during fetal development, which makes every iris unique (even your two irises don't match each).

Your iris patterns make it possible to use your eyes as an identification that's even more accurate than using your fingerprints. This is because the patterns are very intricate and quite unique.....




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Photos from Instant biology's post 02/09/2020

Did you ever wondered why the coconut has 3 holes... Let's know it on this world coconut day🌴...

The three "holes" are the result of the 3 carpels in coconut flowers, and three carpels is typical of the family Arecaceae (Palms).

The "holes" are actually germination pores, where one is usually functional and the other two are plugged. The new coconunt shoot will emerge from the functional, open germination pore.

And coconut fruit is not a nut..
It is an one seeded drupe.

World Coconut Day🌴 is observed on 2 September every year to create awareness about the importance of the coconut across the world..


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Photos from Instant biology's post 30/08/2020

A LIZARD SEVERS its tail as a self-defence mechanism in order to distract its predator – this is known as autotomy or self-amputation.

Lizards are born with a line of weakness in their tail, technically called a fracture plane.

If a point on the tail is hit or stressed, the muscles along the fracture plane pull away from one another rather than knitting together – this is known as a reflex muscle spasm. The pulling apart of the muscles causes the tail to fall off along the line of weakness.

Lizard tail autotomy has developed so that when the tail breaks there is no blood loss, and the tail regrows over six months to a year. The tail skeleton is replaced by a rod of cartilage with new muscles growing along it, producing a replacement tail that is usually shorter and less coloured compared with the original...

Source: Australiangeographic.com
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Photos from Instant biology's post 24/08/2020

The secret of the camel 🐪 is its three eyelids. If you look closely, two of the lids have eye lashes, which protects their eyes from the sand.

The third is a thin membrane and works like a windshield wiper, cleaning the animal's eyes in a sandstorm.It is called as NICTATING MEMBRANE.

It closes/opens from side to side rather than up and down. It is also thin enough that the Camels can see through it somewhat. So in a sandstorm where sand is being stirred up, they can close that lid to protect their eyes from the sand, but still see where they are going.

God has created the camel in such a special way that its eyelids have a screen that trap sand and drops it down.
Amazing!

Apart from camel some reptiles,birds and mammal also show nictating membrane

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Timeline photos 18/08/2020

Goosebumps... Why?

When we’re exposed to the cold, it makes tiny muscles at the base of each hair contract, pulling the connected hair straight up. And this involuntary reflex would have fluffed up our ancestors’ fur, that would have created an insulating effect. But since we don’t have much body hair, all we see are the goose bumps on our skin.

People also tend to experience goosebumps during emotional situations.

The reason for these responses is the subconscious release of a stress hormone called adrenaline.

In humans, adrenaline is often released when we feel cold or afraid, but also if we are under stress and feel strong emotions, such as anger or excitement. Other signs of adrenaline release include tears, sweaty palms, trembling hands, an increase in blood pressure, a racing heart or the feeling of 'butterflies' in the stomach......



Timeline photos 16/08/2020

Some important terms of Histology and there coinage...


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Timeline photos 15/08/2020

Sometimes simple things around us appear extraordinary ...





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Photos from Instant biology's post 12/08/2020

Antlions are knowns as doodlebugs sometimes. They are under the Myrmeleontidae family and live in two phases of larvae and adult.

Their hunt mechanism is interesting when they are larvae. The small cone-shape trapped that we see in nature are made by antlions to trap ants. Antlions sit under the pit and wait for prey to be trapped.

After consuming the prey’s flesh, antlions throw the leftovers outside the pit and amend the pit for the next hunt.

It has been observed that antlions tend to dig a bigger pit when they are hungry and this is exactly the main inspiration for ALO algorithm.


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Timeline photos 07/08/2020

The shell of a baby snail, often referred to as a protoconch or “earliest shell,” is colorless and very soft.

Due to the fragile state of its shell, a newly-hatched snail needs to consume a lot of calcium, which will help its shell to harden. A baby snail usually begins its calcium-rich diet by eating the shell of the egg it hatched from, a convenient source of nutrients.

As the snail continues to grow, its shell grows with it. The snail produces new shell material, like the soft material of its protoconch, that expands its shell and then hardens.

As we know, they are not fast; Then, when they feel danger nearby, they lock themselves into their shell and cover the opening with a layer of mucus called epiphragm.



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Photos from Instant biology's post 06/08/2020

Researchers have found that cocoa, the main ingredient in chocolate, causes the brain to release these ”feel good” chemicals ( endorphins).

One of them is tryptophan. The body uses it to produce the mood-elevating substance of serotonin – also known as the happiness hormone. The sugar in the chocolate also plays a role in this. Because the insulin released in response to the sugar facilitates the journey of the tryptophan to the brain where it engenders happiness.

But that is not the only miracle constituent to be found in cacao: in addition to it stimulating caffeine, theobromine are present...

It also contains phenylethylamine, a substance released by the body when new love blossoms.

So with every bit of chocolate🍫 you feel ❤️...


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Timeline photos 02/08/2020

Flowers, typically bright and beautiful, also have a dark side.

The oleander, or Nerium oleander, is considered by many to be the most poisonous plant in the world. All parts of the beautiful oleander contain several types of poison.

Two of the most potent are oleandrin and neriine, known for their powerful effect on the heart. An oleander's poison is so strong, in fact, that it can poison a person who simply eats the honey made by bees that have digested oleander nectar.

The oleander is poisonous to most animals as well as humans. A single ingested oleander leaf can be lethal to child. Ingestion of oleander results in diarrhea, vomiting, intense stomach pain, drowsiness, dizziness, an irregular heartbeat, and often, death.


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Photos from Instant biology's post 30/07/2020

A natural pearl (often called an Oriental pearl) forms when an irritant(foreign body) works its way into a particular species of oyster, mussel, or clam. As a defense mechanism, the mollusk secretes a fluid to coat the irritant. Layer upon layer of this coating called as "nacre"is deposited on the irritant until a lustrous pearl is formed.

The pearl formation process usually takes several years.Oysters must reach a mature age, which can take up to 3 years, only then can naturally receive an irritant. Once the irritant is in place, it can take up to another 3 years for the pearl to reach its full size and nacre thickness.sometimes it takes several years .

Pearls can come from either salt or freshwater sources. Historically, saltwater pearls were rounder and had a better nacre than freshwater pearls, while freshwater pearls tended to be very irregular in shape...

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Timeline photos 28/07/2020

Colourful🐞 click📸


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Timeline photos 28/07/2020

Colourful


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Photos from Instant biology's post 26/07/2020

Many of you have experienced that after having onions with their diet feel drousy and feel sleepy than other days...reason behind that is...

Onions are rich in L-tryptophan, a form of amino acid that acts as a natural sedative(a drug which makes you calm and easy . It also helps in reducing stress levels which also aids a good sleep. It lowers down the level of sugar in your blood which results in a reduction of activity in the human body. Onions are also rich in Vitamin C which helps in lowering stress levels...


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Timeline photos 21/07/2020

Bloom Bloom Bloom🌸🌸🌸🌸🌸

Guava......

Psidium guajava(amrood).



Timeline photos 20/07/2020

Earthworms comes out of soil after a heavy rain has become common, but why do they do this .....

Soil experts think that earthworms move during rain storms for migration purposes.

"It gives them an opportunity to move greater distances across the soil surface than they could do through soil," "They cannot do this when it is dry because of their moisture requirements."Certain species of earthworms surface to mate also..

It is essential that worms live in a moist environment, but during drought conditions, life is certainly more difficult for a worm.

Rain comes as a favourable condition for there movement....


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Photos from Instant biology's post 18/07/2020

Mushrooms are fungi, or rather, the reproductive part of fungi that live in the soil. Most of the time, the fungi just stay hidden, breaking down organic material. But when conditions are right, they burst forth, like desert flowers blooming after a rain.

Mushrooms spread spores into the air,Most of the fungal spores floating around in the atmosphere are made by mushrooms.These spores settle on ground and when the conditions are favourable.. Spore germinates and pop out as mushrooms. They go away when the sun comes out or the soil dries up.

July / August months are the best monsoon months to observe wild mushrooms.


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Timeline photos 16/07/2020

Sedum album📸... Commonly called as White stone crop.



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Photos from Instant biology's post 15/07/2020

No wonder squirrels always seem so busy — they have a lot to keep track of to make it through the winter!...

Squirrels are busy in hiding there food in fascinating way.They always behave in such a manner that somebody is trying to steal their food. In order to misguide others they dig holes in many places and heap leaves, straw etc.. to cover them.

Sometimes,most of the holes does not contain any food.In this way,they cheat others to make believe that these holes contain food.Some times it forgets the place.They even steal food of their fellow mates . It helps in spreading seeds.....if you ever notice squirrel digging up his cache... It's a protective measure.



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Timeline photos 12/07/2020

Tridax procumbens, commonly known as coatbuttons or tridax daisy, is a species of flowering plant in the Asteraceae family.

The plant bears daisylike yellow-centered white or yellow flowers with three-toothed ray florets. The leaves are toothed and generally arrowhead-shaped.

Calyx is represented by scales or reduced to pappus.It is best known as a widespread w**d and pest plant...




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Photos from Instant biology's post 11/07/2020

Look up at a bright, blue sky and you may notice tiny dots of moving light. You aren’t imagining these spots.

The dots are actually white blood cells moving along the fine blood vessels (capillaries) in front of the retina at the back of the eye. This experience is called the ‘BLUE FIELD ENTOPTIC PHENOMENON ’ because it’s especially noticeable when looking into bright blue light, such as a cloudless sky.

Whereas red blood cells absorb blue light, white blood cells do not, so they let the light through to the retina.Light-sensitive cells in the retina read this as a signal of increased brightness, causing us to see the white blood cells as spots.

The dots may look like little worms as the bigger white blood cells stretch and elongate to pass through the capillaries.



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Photos from Instant biology's post 08/07/2020

Hiccups :The strange little sounds that can escape from your mouth without warning..."hic, hic,hic"...

Hiccups are medically known as synchronous diaphragmatic flutter (SDF) or SINGULTUS.
A hiccup occurs when the diaphragm suddenly contracts involuntarily, while at the same time the larynx (voice box) contracts too and the glottis closes, effective blocking the flow of air.It results in suddenly suck air into your throat, where it hits your voice box. That makes your vocal cords suddenly close, creating the distinct “hic!” sound.

Hiccups are usually temporary, but in rare cases, they can stick around -- for a while. It’s usually because of damage or aggravation to the nerves connected to the diaphragm: . Drugs like steroids or some tranquilizers can trigger long-term hiccups, too.....






Timeline photos 07/07/2020

Wrightia tinctoria📸




Timeline photos 07/07/2020

Wrightia tinctoria📸.




Timeline photos 05/07/2020

True joy of nature is when every drop of water shines like a pearl......




Photos from Instant biology's post 04/07/2020

Our eyes have two types of light receptors called rods and cones. Rods are simply light detectors, whereas cones respond to different frequencies of light (in other words, different colors).

Humans are trichromatic. We have three types of cones, which correspond roughly to red, blue, and green....Dogs possess only two types of cones and can only discern blue and yellow - this limited color perception is called DICHROMATIC VISION.

Earlier it was believed that dogs are colourblind,they can distinguish white,black and green....

But recent studies prove that they can identify shades of yellow and blue also... So dogs🐶are not colour blind .However, the color range they perceive is limited compared to the spectrum we see...




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