Cheyenne Dagul Scrapbook - Mpu3343 Culture & Lifestyle in Malaysia

Cheyenne Dagul Scrapbook - Mpu3343 Culture & Lifestyle in Malaysia

This scrapbook is created for the purpose of my individual assignment for subject (MPU3343) Culture & Lifestyle in Malaysia Jan 2022

Photos from Cheyenne Dagul Scrapbook - Mpu3343 Culture & Lifestyle in Malaysia's post 07/04/2022

(Week 7) Historical Places - Atkinson Clock Tower is the oldest man-made structure in Kota Kinabalu City in short term KK, capital of Sabah, Malaysia. On 20 April 1905, everyone in Jesselton town which is now called Kota Kinabalu, started to hear this new ivory-color tower chimed every hour. After 115 years, it would have rang over 1 millions times if it never stops. Nowadays Atkinson Clock Tower is the most popular landmark of Kota Kinabalu and highly valued for its good representation of British Colonial architecture design. Kota Kinabalu is blessed to have Atkinson Clock Tower. However, it exists due to a sad incident.

The Atkinson Clock Tower was built to commemorate a British, Francis George Atkinson, the first District Officer of Jesselton township, who passed away on this day (6 December) in 1902 because of malaria. Under the support of British government, his friends, colleagues, and mother (Mary Edith Atkinson) raised fund to “erect a handsome Clock Tower as a local Memorial”.

The Atkinson Clock Tower has been with us to witness Jesselton bombarded in World War 2, announcement of Malaysia formation in 1963, and the growth of KK from a small village to a bustling city. This 48-foot clock tower was also a beacon to guide the ships to KK harbour. Now Atkinson becomes a “tourism ambassador”, as his clock tower is a main attraction of KK city tour.

Photos from Cheyenne Dagul Scrapbook - Mpu3343 Culture & Lifestyle in Malaysia's post 07/04/2022

(Week 6) Place of Worship : One of the place of worship in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah is the Sacred Heart Cathedral its one of the main place of worship for the Roman Catholics which is one of the christian groups in the world. Sacred Heart Cathedral was known as the Jesselton Mission. It was founded by Father Henry van der Heyden in 1903. The five-acre mission land was procured by Father Goossens and Father Prenger in Father Heyden’s name on 9 April 1903. The early community was made up of mostly poor Hakka farmers, some Europeans, Indians, Filipinos and Kadazan-Dusuns. In Father Heyden’s letter of June 1903, the Mission was already called Sacred Heart of Jesus. A school (Sacred Heart Primary) started soon after with 23 students. Father Valentine Weber did much to develop the Mission from April 1906 to February 1944.

The first church built by Father Weber was solemnly blessed on 22 June 1911. A second church was built by Father Arnold Verhoeven and blessed on 14 Aug 1938 by Messenger August Wachter. Unfortunately, this church was bombed by the Japanese in 1945, leaving only its foundation and some pillars intact. The postwar church was opened on 11 Dec 1949 by M,essenger James Buis. The present church was built in 1981 by Father Tobias Chi. It was dedicated by Bishop Simon Fung in the presence of Cardinal Jaime Sin of Manila, Apostolic Delegate Abp Renato Martino and several Mill Hill Missionaries on 21 Nov 1981, the culmination of the centenary of good news brought by the Mill Hill Missionaries (1881-1981). The places of interest within the cathedral compound are the Marian grotto (1986), the tombs of Bishop Simon Fung and Father Valentine Weber in front of the chapel (1987), and the outdoor Way of the Cross (2003).

Photos from Cheyenne Dagul Scrapbook - Mpu3343 Culture & Lifestyle in Malaysia's post 07/04/2022

(Week 5) Celebration & Festivals : Kaamatan & Gawai - Kaamatan is a Kadazan-Dusun term for "harvest" and is celebrated for the whole month of May. It is normally celebrated by the ethnic Kadazan-Dusuns, as well as by other related ethnic groups in the state. It's a joyous occasion for friends and family when everyone makes time to appreciate each other and the festival. The end of May marks the final days of the festival where it will be held at the KDCA (Kadazandusun Cultural Association) or Hongkod Koisaan center in Penampang.

Pesta Kaamatan is also a magnet for locals and tourists alike. Traditional sports and games keep visitors busy before they later sample ethnic delicacies, drink rice wine, sing traditional songs and dance. Sabahans from around the state and all over Malaysia return to join in the fun on the most important day on the state’s calendar whic is held at the Hongkod Koisaan Kadazandusun Cultural Centre (KDCA) in Penampang, Kota Kinabalu.

There's also myths behind the Tadau Kaamatan Celebrations

The belief is that Kinoingan, a God, took pity towards the people who were suffering from a great famine. God Kinoingan took mercy and so in order to save the people, he sacrificed his daughter, Huminodun, and sowed her body and spirit over the land and padi. Which then helped rice and other plants grow. It’s believed each grain of rice contains Huminodun’s spirit, which is called Bambaazon. A series of rituals and ceremonies take place after harvest to thank the spirits and make sure the Bambaazon stays in the rice for next year. If not, the rice won’t grow.

The Kadazan Priestess called Bobohzian determines the official harvest festival date and officiates it

The Bobohizan plays an important role in the festival, which consist of several ceremonies. These ceremonies include tying 7 stalks of rice together and placing them in a tadang or basket, and moving them into a rice hut. Each ceremony is important and ensure the farmers will be able to harvest again in the next planting season.

The Humabot Ceremony is the closing ceremony, which happens on the last day of Kaamatan. It includes a variety of activities, entertainment, dances, food, and delicacies throughout the day.

There is also an Unduk Ngadau beauty pegeant its held to commemorate the spirit of Huminodun. The title comes from Runduk Tadau, which means 'the girl crowned by the sunlight.'
Unduk Ngadau is popular amongs the locals in Sabah, it's so popular that people from whole over the state come in to watch the winner of the beauty pegeant but for last year beauty pegeant it was conducted online due to the Pandemic Covid-19.


(Week 4) Traditional Games: Guli or known as marbles is one of the simpler games played back in the olden days.

A game of Guli is suitable for both girls and boys aged between seven years old to twelve years old. Furthermore, number of players should not exceed five people. It is usually played on a flat open surface and a circle drawn with an approximately diameter of 1 metre. This game is not as easy as it looks. This is because, this game involves throwing a guli on the target accurately. In addition, these marbles are very small and the type of guli used to play this game are the ones made of limestone and its round.

To be honest, I always lose out playing these type of games when I was kid but never the less a great game at that time

How to play:-

1. To start the game each player must swipe your marbles into the hole master. The marble into the hole or the nearest parent is treated as the first player starts the game and these marbles followed by almost a second and so on.

2. The first player will flick the marbles to all the marbles that are in the area of ​​a circle that out. If the flick does not hit it assumed dead and the second player will make a flip to these marbles are there, so on until all players completed flips over other players marbles.

3. Players can release the turn but on the condition that it must include the marbles into the hole holding his first. The player will ensure his marbles always be close to the hole every time parent flips done. This makes it easier to control the game.

4. Each exchange turn to the next player, the player who took his turn required to enter the marble into the hole before flick holding opponents marbles. If the marbles do not go into the holding hole, turn to the other players given.

5. Scoring based on the large number of flips made ​​against opponents marbles until all players finish their turn.

6.Two way fines are levied against players who collect the lowest amount. The player will lose his marbles in the hole inserting parent and all players will cross marbles. The second way is by each player once a flick of the lost marbles away from the circle.

Photos from Cheyenne Dagul Scrapbook - Mpu3343 Culture & Lifestyle in Malaysia's post 22/03/2022

(Week 3) Food: Nasi lemak is widely known as the national dish of Malaysia. The dish translates to “rich rice” referring to the rich creaminess of the rice made with coconut cream.
The whole dish comprises of:

- aromatic coconut milk rice steamed and infused with fresh pandan leaves
- deep fried fish or chicken wings
- otah, or grilled fish paste
- ikan bilis, or fried local anchovies
- peanuts
- hard boiled egg
- cucumber slices
- sambal, or spicy chili paste (which is the signature condiment of the dish and in Malaysia)

Variations typically replace the main protein with curries like rendang, fried chicken, seafood, more vegetables, or a non-halal meat like pork. Because of the versatility, the dish has been embraced by all ethnic groups in Malaysia.

Like many famous dishes, nasi lemak does not have one definitive origin story, rather it has multiple possible creations all of which originate from Malaysia itself. The first comes from the 15th century in Malacca, just outside of Kuala Lumpur. A daughter accidentally spilled coconut milk into a pot of boiling rice. When her mother, named Mak, came home from work she asked her daughter what was that fragrant smell. The daughter responded, “Nasi le, Mak!” meaning, “Rice, mother!” Hence, the possible origin and name for nasi lemak. Another possible history of the dish comes from farmers where they made a cheap, filling and complete dish full of carbs and the country’s seafood and coconuts. The dish gave them energy and sufficient fats to be able to work the fields all day.
While origins of the dish could trace back centuries earlier, the first written evidence of nasi lemak was seen in 1909 from a British administrator who noted that the rice made with coconut cream instead of water was served at weddings and local festivals.
After World War II, the dish further popularized as a workers meal who feasted on the hearty plate for breakfast. On their plates was the creamy rice, fried fish or fried prawns, and kangkung, or the water spinach.

In the 1970s, nasi lemak for breakfast became a thing as it was neatly all packed in banana leaves as sold as cheap as 30 cents.
For the next decades, as the dish spread and varied throughout the country, it was eaten beyond breakfast and proudly by every Malaysian.

Photos from Cheyenne Dagul Scrapbook - Mpu3343 Culture & Lifestyle in Malaysia's post 08/03/2022

(WEEK 2) Arts: The Bamboo Dance - Magunatip is one of the most popular traditional dances among the Murut ethnic community in the Interior districts of Sabah, Malaysia. Once performed in healing rituals, the modern-day Magunatip is mainly performed during celebrations such as bride wealth exchange ceremonies, weddings, and harvest festivals. Based on oral sources, Magunatip is believed to have evolved either from a folk game played during paddy pounding sessions or a ritual invoked during healing ceremonies. This paper presents an investigation on the healing ritual context of Magunatip as told in the form of legends by elderly Murut informants. By analysing the healing ritual context of Magunatip, the significance of the dance in relation to the culture and traditional beliefs of the Murut community could be ascertained. Two dancers sit opposite each other holding two pieces of bamboo. Slowly they start to tap the poles together on the floor, creating a rhythm. Add in the sounds of gongs and the Magunatip dance is ready to start. Two Murut dancers donned in traditional clothing and headdresses jump in between the clapping bamboo. Crowds marvel at their dexterity as the dancers move in perfect sync and avoid hitting the bamboo. Slowly the tempo increases. The clapping gets faster. From a distance, the dancers almost appear as if they’re floating with the mind-blowing speed of their movements. Suddenly, the excitement ends without injury to a cheering crowd. This is the Murut Magunatip dance. Once performed for returning headhunters. It’s now a familiar dance at cultural events and festivals throughout Sabah.

Photos from Cheyenne Dagul Scrapbook - Mpu3343 Culture & Lifestyle in Malaysia's post 08/03/2022

(WEEK 1) Fruits: TERAP FRUIT or in Sarawak is often called as TARAP FRUIT (Artocarpus Odoratissismus) is a rare fruit found in our country and also some neighboring ASEAN countries from the Moraceae family which is similar to jackfruit. Tarap trees are planted around the house or garden or grow naturally in the bush. If we look at the fruit, it seems that many people in Peninsular Malaysia have never seen the fruit. this. Pokok Tarap is a famous fruit plant in Sabah and northern Sarawak, Malaysia, especially in the west coast of Sabah such as Kota Kinabalu and Papar districts. This plant can usually grow and thrive so easily in the state of Sabah, but is rarely found elsewhere even in tropical climates. Tarap has a fairly strong smell, yet has a pretty tasty, sweet, soft taste and the eater is sure to feel pleasure when tasting it for the first time. The flesh of the fruit has a taste like Mango full of juice. However, the shape of Tarap fruit is more like Cempedak and Nangka fruit, people are always confused about this. Tarap fruit is round to oval similar to the shape of cempedak or jackfruit. It is 15-20 cm long and 13 cm wide, and can weigh up to 1 kg or more. the skin of the Tarap fruit is rather thick covered with flat and soft blunt thorns. However, when mature, the skin structure of the fruit is harder and brittle. The fruit will not fall down like other fruits when it is fully ripe. However, if this fruit is completely ripe and begins to show its rotten effects, the fruit will fall as well.

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