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1. We can sometimes use for + ing to talk about the purpose of a thing. When we do, it means the same as to + infinitive.
. What is that for? It is for opening envelopes
. This bell is for calling the waiter.
. This bell is to call the waiter.
2. When we talk about the purpose of somebody's actions, we cannot use for + ing.
. I went there to ask for help.
. You will have to queue a long time. to get tickets.
3. However, it is sometimes possible to use for + noun for this.
. I went there for help.
. You will have to queue a long timefor tickets.
4. We can also use for + object + infinitive to talk about a purpose.
. I gave her a notebook for her to write down new English words she found.
. They sent a form for me to sign.
5. We also use the pattern for + object + infinitive in sentences after is or was.
. The plan is for us to get to Barcelona by lunchtime.
. The objective was for them to get the work finished by the end of last month.
6. We can add details to a noun by using the pattern for + object + infinitive
. That is an expensive place for them to stay.
. There is a lot of work for us to do.
. There is no need for you to be so aggressive.
7. We also use the pattern for + object + infinitive after certain verbs and adjectives.
. I am waiting for him to make the first move.
. I have arranged for you to see the bank manager tomorrow morning.
. We are keen for you to take the job.
Which one is correct?
Some useful expression using ABOUT:
1. no doubt about
There is no doubt about his ability but he doesn’t work well with other people
2. bring about change
We need to bring about change quickly or the company will go bankrupt.
3. everybody is talking about it
Everybody is talking about the argument they had.
4. be asked about
I am often asked about how I became so successful.
5. speak to them about
You need to speak to them about this and make sure they never do it again.
6. anything I can do about it?
Is there anything I can do about my financial situation?
7. concerned about
i’m concerned about Simon. He is acting very strangely.
8. speculate about
We can only speculate about what happened. We will never know for sure.
9. about to change
I am not happy with what has been happening. I must warn you that things are about to change around here.
10. know a lot about
Ask Sally. She knows a lot about that.
11. talking about
What are you two whispering about?
12. known about
Little is known about what happened.
13. hear about
I know you have just been to Hawaii. I want to hear all about it.
14. keep your wits about you
Be very careful. There are lots of thieves around. Keep your wits about you.
1. About can mean ‘here and there’.
. She is always out and about.
. He sits about doing nothing.
. They go about interviewing the public.
2. Just about means ‘almost’.
. I have just about finished.
. I have had just about enough of him and his patronizing tone.
. The money we get will just about pay for the new equipment.
3. Be about to means that something is on the point of happening.
. I am about to change jobs.
. He is about to give in his resignation.
. Please listen carefully. i am about to say something important.
[05/05/14] Sin is its own punishment, devouring you from the inside.
[05/05/14] Liberals and conservatives disagree over what are the most important sins. For conservatives, the sins that matter are personal irresponsibility, the flight from family life, sexual permissiveness, the failure of individuals to work hard. For liberals, the gravest sins are intolerance, a lack of generosity toward the needy, narrow-mindedness toward social and racial minorities.
1. To mean that you concern
. I have heard all about it.
. There is nothing we can do about it.
. The great thing about her is that she never gives up.
2. To mean ‘approximately’. We can also use around for this but about is less formal.
. About six hundred people were present.
. About half the people agreed.
. Come round at about six.
3. Use 'How about' and 'What about' to make suggestions.
. What about asking Tom?
. How about leaving that for the time being?
. What about a break?
4. Use What about ( but not How about) for more genuine questions.
. What about the workers? Have you thought about them?
. What about the dog? What do we do with her?
5. Use about and on to talk about the subject of a discussion. We use on for more formal situations..
. They talked about the bad economic situation.
. He gave a lecture on the economy.
[04/29/14] Marriage is a land mine. A really intimate land mine. Adultery to kitchen fires. Never a dull [moment].
[04/29/14] The present relationship existing between husband and wife, where one claims a command over the actions of the other, is nothing more than a remnant of the old leaven of slavery. It is necessarily destructive of refined love; for how can a man continue to regard as his type of the ideal a being whom he has, be denying an equality of privilege with himself, degraded to something below himself?
WILL HAVE DONE:
1. We can use 'will have done' to talk about what will have been achieved by a certain moment in time.
. We'll have been in these offices for eight years next month.
. She'll have visited ten countries in twelve days by the time she gets back.
. I'll have finished this project by Friday.
2. If we want to emphasise the continuity of the activity, we can use the continuous form.
. I'll have been working here for 35 years by the time I retire.
. She'll have been driving for more than fifteen hours straight by the time she gets here.
. They'll have been working with us for 15 years by the end of this year.
3. We can also use 'will have done' to predict what we think has already happened at present.
. He'll have already read the report by now. Too late to change it.
. She'll have boarded her plane. It's too late to contact her.
. They'll have decided by now. We should hear the result today or tomorrow.
[04/28/14] Kindness, as we will see, has many facets. But its essence is as simple as can be. We will find that kindness is a way of making _less_ effort. It is the most economic attitude there is, because it saves us much energy that we might otherwise waste in suspicion, worry, resentment, manipulation, or unnecessary defense. It is an attitude that, by eliminating the inessential, brings us back to the simplicity of being.
[04/28/14] Kindness holds the key to the secret of our own transformation and, in the process, of the transformation of the world.
WILL BE DOING:
1. We can use 'will be doing' to talk about something that will be in progress at a particular moment in the future.
. This time next week, I'll be sitting on the beach in Barbados.
. I'll be thinking about you all back in the office – and I'll be laughing.
. We'll be enjoying ourselves too, boss. We won't be doing any work while you are not here.
2. We can use 'will be doing' to talk about future events that are fixed or decided.
. I'll be visiting your country on a regular basis. In fact, I'm going to be coming next month.
. He'll be looking after the factory until we can appoint a new manager.
. They'll be thinking about this very carefully over the next few months.
3. We can use 'will be doing' to predict what is happening now.
. Try phoning his hotel. He'll probably still be having breakfast.
. They'll be deciding who gets the contract at this very moment. I'm very nervous.
. She's not in her office. She'll be having lunch in the canteen.
4. We can use 'will be doing' to ask extremely politely, and with no pressure, about future plans.
. Will you be eating with us this evening?
. Will you be needing anything else?
. Will they be joining us for dinner?
[04/25/14] Competition, in and of itself, is neither good nor bad. If a person or group seeks a desired objective to the exclusion of such higher ethics as truth and fairness, the seeking indeed is unhealthy. However, if a person or group seeks a desired objective while remaining true to high ethical standards, the pursuit will be a healthy growth experience.
[04/25/14] Competition brings out the best in products and the worst in people.
It's Adele everyone...!
CAN HAVE / COULD HAVE
1. We can use 'could have' to talk about something somebody was capable of doing but didn't do.
. I could have gone to Oxford University but I preferred Harvard.
. She could have married him but she didn't want to.
. They could have bought a house here 20 years ago but chose not to.
2. Often, there is a sense of criticism.
. You could have phoned me to let me know.
. They could have helped me instead of just sitting there.
. I could have done more to help you. Sorry.
3. We can use 'couldn't have' to talk about something we were not capable of doing.
. I couldn't have managed without you.
. I couldn't have got the job. He was always going to appoint his nephew.
. I couldn't have enjoyed myself more. Thank you for a lovely day.
4. We can use 'could have' to speculate about what has happened. (We can also use 'may have' or 'might have' in these situations.)
. She could have taken the earlier train.
. Simon could have told her.
. They could have overheard what we said.
5. We can also use 'can have' to speculate about what has happened but only in questions and negative sentences and with words such as 'hardly', 'never' and 'only'.
. Can she have forgotten about our meeting?
. He can't have seen us.
. They can hardly have thought that I was not interested in the job.
6. We can also use 'could have' to speculate about something that didn't happen.
. You could have broken your neck, jumping out the window like that.
. He could have hurt somebody, throwing a bottle out of the window like that.
. I could have done well in my exam if I'd worked harder.
7. You can also use 'could have' to talk about possible present situations that have not happened.
. I could have been earning a lot as an accountant but the work was just too boring.
. He could have been Prime Minister now but he got involved in a big financial scandal.
. They could have been the market leaders now if they had taken his advice.
[04/24/14] He who endures with patience is a conqueror.
[04/24/14] Patience is no small, fell-good personal quality. It is at the heart of diplomacy and civility, lawfulness and civil order. Without it, people can't work together and society can't function at all. With it, we create the possibility of peace between people and between nations.
1. We can use 'should have' to talk about past events that did not happen.
. I should have let her know what was happening but I forgot.
. He should have sent everybody a reminder by email.
. They should have remembered that their guests don't eat pork.
2. We can also use 'should have' to speculate about events that may or may not have happened.
. She should have got the letter this morning. I expect she'll give us a call about it later.
. He should have arrived at his office by now. Let's try ringing him.
. They should have all read that first email by this stage. It's time to send the next one.
3. We can use ' should not have' to speculate negatively about what may or may not have happened.
. She shouldn't have left work yet. I'll call her office.
. He shouldn't have boarded his plane yet. We can probably still get hold of him.
. They shouldn't have sent the report off for printing yet. There is still time to make changes.
4. We can also use 'should not have' to regret past actions.
. I shouldn't have shouted at you. I apologise.
. We shouldn't have left the office so late. We should have anticipated this bad traffic.
. They shouldn't have sacked him. He was the most creative person on their team.
[04/23/14] Confidence is like a dragon where, for every head cut off, two more heads grow back.
[04/23/14] Total self-confidence is built through positive expectations. You can build positive expectations by knowing that you have the power within to overcome any obstacle that lies ahead. So many people have a magnetic attraction to the past. They save momentos, clippings, old letters, and trivia. There is nothing wrong with this, but if you want to succeed, your mind must focus on where you are going, not on where you have been. Instead of saving momentos, clippings, old letters, and trivia from the past, it would be more productive to make a scrapbook with pictures of where you want to go and what you want to be in the future.
HAVE SOMETHING DONE:
1. If you 'have something done', you get somebody else to do something for you.
. I'm going to have my hair cut.
. She's having her house redecorated.
. I'm having a copy of the report sent to you
2. In informal English, we can replace 'have' by 'get'.
. We're getting a new telephone system installed.
. They will be getting the system repaired as quickly as they can.
. I got the bill sent direct to the company.
3. We can also use 'have/got something done' in situations where something bad has happened to people or their possessions. This is not something they wanted to happen.
. John had all his money stolen from his hotel bedroom.
. We had our car damaged by a falling tree.
. I got my nose broken playing rugby.
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