Human Enterprises

Human Enterprises provides consulting and editing services through all stages of publishing, from developmental editing to formatting.

Beatrice Burton was in a PhD program for history when she began Human Enterprises. It started with small projects, such as writing an encyclopedia article or conducting research for a digital history database. History required Beatrice to read extensively and think critically about what she read, and while studying for her comprehensive exams, she developed a deep appreciation for a well-written index. As the PhD stretched on, Beatrice took on larger projects and loved them. In 2011, Beatrice changed careers from graduate student and aspiring academic to freelancer in the world of publishing. Please email [email protected] to see how Beatrice can help with your project. A note on the name Human Enterprises: Beatrice’s paternal grandmother’s maiden name was Human. Beatrice named her company to honor her grandmother, to whom she was very close, but the name has larger implications. Beatrice sees the work she does as a researcher, writer, editor, and indexer in the Humanities as helping people connect intellectually. This is something her grandmother would have encouraged.

Mission: Helping people connect intellectually.

Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park

In May, I had the opportunity to talk with FOSU Ranger Tom about what I learned about the fort(s) while writing the administrative history.

“The job has not been without its difficulties since the sun of South Carolina is anything but gentle in the middle of the summer and the top of Battery Huger has a facility for becoming much like the top of a griddle.” - Fort Sumter staff person in 1953

Some things at Fort Sumter haven't changed. Beatrice Burton, primary author of the park's administrative history, sat down with Ranger Tom to discuss the National Park Service's management of Fort Sumter from 1948 to today, highlighting continuity and change in the park's management of the historic and natural resources.

[04/29/20]   I'm excited to tune in to today's first digital Brown Bag Lunch, The Avery Digital Classroom Presents: Center for the Study of Slavery Brown Bag Discussion
Avery Research Center for African American History and Culture

This may be one of the best sentences to describe the persecution southern enslavers felt following the election of Abraham Lincoln: "These international comparisons [to the rule of European despots] made up in enthusiasm and emotion what they lacked in accuracy and realism." Just a sneak peek at what Ann Tucker has written in Newest Born of Nations (UVA Press)

[01/07/20]   Hi folx! I hope everyone had a wonderful holiday season. It's been pretty quiet around here. I took several weeks off so that I could enjoy the holidays. But I'm back in the office now. And I'm expecting the page proofs to arrive for a friend's book any minute. I love starting a new project, and it's especially sweet when it's for someone I'm friends with. Stay tuned to hear more about her forthcoming book....

Piecing Together the Lives of Enslaved Americans I sat in a small room full of rolling metal file cabinets that rose from floor to ceiling. This room was quiet, there was no window, and I was alone. No one else came in or out. The door must have …

Visions of Glory: The Civil War in Word and Image (UnCivil Wars Ser.)

This is truly a beautiful book. It contains historic photographs, stories of both renowned and forgotten individuals, and so much more. And some of the items in the book are so touching! The outline of the baby's hand, for example, was too sweet.

I hope to get a copy in my hands this week at the Southern Historical Association, and I will tell you more about the book then! Visions of Glory brings together twenty-two images and twenty-two brisk essays, each essay connecting an image to the events that unfolded during a particular year of the Civil War. The book focuses on a diverse set of images that include a depiction of former slaves whipping their erstwhile over...

Writing about "Slavery"? This Might Help

I recently wrote to my online indexing community for some suggestions on how to include an unnamed Black woman who was the victim of racialized violence from a Confederate veteran. For the purpose of the index I wanted to elevate her personhood and not the perpetrator of the violence. This led to some very interesting (and at times heated) discussion among the indexers. One indexer/copyeditor that I truly admire went on to share this fantastic resource. I will certainly refer to this with my own writing and copyediting, and I encourage everyone who deals with the history of slavery to familiarize yourself with these ideas. Writing About Slavery? Teaching About Slavery? Senior slavery scholars of color community-sourced this short guide to share with and be used by editors, presses, museums, journalists, and curricular projects as well as with teachers, writers, curators, and public historians. Considering the le...

On Acknowledgments

A historian succinctly breaks down what we learn about perpetuation of inequalities in academia when we read the acknowledgements. (The link takes you to the abstract, and you can click on the PDF from there. I was so pleased it wasn't behind a paid firewall.)

"When it comes to care work, attention to the personal information conveyed in acknowledgments becomes something more serious than digging for gossip: it can be a genuine search for information about who belongs, and on what material terms. A graduate student recently shared with me her experience of the “thank you for typing” acknowledgments found in the classics of our field. What they tell her very clearly is that many, if not most, of the scholars who produced“the canons”and attained tenure and status in our field did so by profiting from the labor of another person who was de-voted full-time to the maintenance of the scholar’s life, career, and family. This raised a question for the aspiring historian: Would she be expected to produce the same quantity and quality of work, but without any of those patriarchal benefits?" Abstract. What can we learn from reading the acknowledgments in academic books? Many of us read acknowledgments to learn about how the field works, as well as

The False Cause: Fraud, Fabrication, and White Supremacy in Confederate Memory

This is such an important book by Adam Domby. Everyone should read it so that you are fully armed with the information when someone tries to rationalize the presence of Confederate monuments. You can preorder through UVA Press, and I'll also include the Amazon link in the comments. The Lost Cause ideology that emerged after the Civil War and flourished in the early twentieth century sought to recast a struggle to perpetuate slavery as a heroic defense of the South. As Adam Domby reveals in his new book, this was not only an insidious goal; it was founded on falsehoods. The Fal...

Great for Christina! Guess who wrote the index ;)

Congratulations to alum Christina Snyder (Penn State Univ.), awarded The John H. Dunning Prize for the most outstanding book in US history for "Great Crossings: Indians, Settlers, and Slaves in the Age of Jackson" (Oxford Univ. Press).

Professor Snyder graduated with an AB in history from UGA in 2001, and went on to earn a MA and PhD at UNC. Snyder is a historian of colonialism, race, and slavery, with a focus on North America from the pre-contact era through the nineteenth century.

Steven Ruggles on Twitter

This is an amazing resource! “I have dreamed of this day for the past four decades: Full-count @IPUMS census data spanning the period 1790-1940 are now available, thanks to our collaborations with and FamilySearch. As Biden would put it, this is a big ... deal!”

Virtue of Cain: From Slave to Senator - Biography of Lawrence Cain

One of the projects I worked on this spring is now available on Amazon. The author, Kevin Cherry, is a white man from New Jersey. He learned through a DNA test that his great-grandfather, Lawrence Cain, was a former slave and state senator in Edgefield County, SC. Cherry combed the records to learn about his ancestor and wrote about Cain during this pivotal time in the nation's history. Vernon Burton--preeminent historian of Reconstruction in general and Edgefield in particular--wrote the Foreword, and the book would be worth the purchase for those pages alone. But Cherry uses Cain as a lens to see what Reconstruction in Edgefield looked like and in so doing, he teaches us about one of the many forgotten pioneers of the short-lived biracial democratic government of Reconstruction, SC. Cherry is not a professional historian, and his book is narrative driven and very accessible to a wider audience. This book focuses on the short but extraordinary life of Reconstruction era Senator Lawrence Cain of Edgefield, South Carolina. He was considered an honorable and virtuous man and helped shape South Carolina politics between 1865 and 1877 as one of the leaders of the Republican Party. He rose abo...

Today’s mobile office’s view

Reading the book and typing the index is only the first step. Then I start editing the index: consolidating subheadings, adding subheadings, ensuring the language of the index reflects the language of the book, standardizing wording across all entries.

[07/26/19]   I just emailed the curator for Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park and got an out of office message. It included:

"In the event of a curatorial emergency, please contact...Chief Ranger of Visitor and Resource Protection."

The final draft is due next week and I still need to track down a very small, particular piece of information. I think this qualifies as a curatorial emergency 😂

Editor 2 Editor: Greg Britton and Jennifer Crewe

A lot of this is familiar, even without working for a press. Where do scholarly editors find their authors? How do they decide which ...

SC's historic Penn Center, now part of national park, looks towards its future

You can read more about the history of the Penn Center in Vernon Burton's book, Penn Center (UGA Press) The leaders of the historic Penn Center, near Beaufort, are searching for its next step after part of the property was just designated a national park.

[07/04/19]   Reading about Robert Smalls and the question of black citizenship during the Civil War seems like the best way to "celebrate" Independence Day.

Wondering what I'm working on? A wonderful collection of essays, edited by Kathleen Diffley and Ben Fagan, titled Visions of Glory (UGA Press)

A Nation's Story: "What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?" In July of 1852, Frederick Douglass delivered a speech titled “What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?,” a call for the promise of liberty be applied equally to all Americans. Douglass’s speech emphasized that American slavery and American freedom is a shared history and that the actions of o...

Language wars: the 19 greatest linguistic spats of all time Words are ever evolving – but not without controversy. From creative applications of an apostrophe to the overuse of literally, what makes you rage?

There’s no official certification for editors. For better or worse, anyone can call themselves an editor. There are certificate programs, though, and I’m pleased to announce that I recently finished the one through UCSD extension.

John E. McIntyre: Singular they

I'll point out that all the copyeditors I know are on board with singular "they" In part of our ongoing series on language, Sun editor John E. McIntyre tells you why you should forget everything your teacher taught you when it comes to gender-neutral pronouns.

I'm taking the kids to Fort Sumter today. I know from being on the kids' side of these types of trips, though, not to expect them to be impressed.

Renowned NPS historian Ed Bearss is in town and speaking at the Fort Sumter Civil War Round Table. His talk, "The First Shots at Charleston, is really about the political shots from November 1860 to the start of the Civil War.

"You’re Doing It Wrong": the century-old roots of mom-shaming

Maggie and Bethany were a pleasure to work with, and I am so glad to see their book getting some much-deserved attention! The stereotype of the "ideal mother" hasn’t changed since the 19th century, according to a new book. And it’s hurting everyone.

University of Georgia History Department

Nice work, Keri Leigh!

Check out this article by #UGAHistory alum Keri Leigh Merritt, "Why We Need a New Civil War Documentary" is on Keri Leigh Merritt works as a historian and writer in Atlanta. Her award-winning first book is "Masterless Men: Poor Whites and Slavery in the Antebellum South" (2017 Cambridge U Press). #UGA

Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park

#OTD: April 12th, 1861 the American Civil War officially began. In December of 1860, the State of South Carolina officially seceded from the United States. Sectional politics over the institution of slavery was rapidly dividing the nation, and this immediately placed the status of federally owned fortifications within Charleston Harbor into a state of uncertainty. US Army Major Robert Anderson decided to relocate his small garrison from Fort Moultrie on Sullivan’s Island to Fort Sumter at the entrance of the harbor. Although the fort was still under construction, its towering brick walls provided the best shield from any potential hostilities. In a telegram to the War Department, Anderson justified the move, “under the firm belief that it was the best means of preventing bloodshed.”

Governor Francis Pickens and the South Carolina Government did not share the same point of view. For them, the presence of the United States military in Charleston Harbor was an act of aggression by a foreign enemy. The newly-inaugurated Abraham Lincoln Administration refused to surrender Fort Sumter, yet effort was made to avoid armed conflict and settle the issue peacefully. After months of failed negotiations, it was clear action was required. By this point, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas had joined South Carolina in secession and the Confederate States of America was born.

After one final demand of surrender was rejected, Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard ordered his soldiers to fire. At 4:30 am on April 12th, the first shot of the Civil War was fired from Fort Johnson. It was a mortar shot that exploded over Fort Sumter, signaling all other batteries to begin the bombardment. Confederate Officer Stephen D. Lee commented, “That shot was a sound alarm that brought every soldier in the harbor to his feet, and every man, women, and child from their beds. A thrill went through the whole city.”

In commemoration of this important anniversary, the National Park Service will fly a replica 33-star American Flag over Fort Sumter (weather permitting) and ranger talks about these first shots will be offered for each visiting ferry. The original flag which flew over Fort Sumter during the bombardment is on display in our museum.

Stay tuned during the next few days as we continue the story as anniversaries of this historic battle continue.

This evening I'm learning all about surrender (a lot of them!) in the Civil War, from Dr. David Silkenat, at College of Charleston (a joint event by Friends of the Library and the History Dept)

Dropped Hyphens, Split Infinitives, and Other Thrilling Developments from the 2019 American Copy Editors Society Conference You could feel the excitement in the room when a slide appeared with the heading “HYPHENS!”

What I’ve learned from having my thesis edited 107 times

I like to think that I am gentle with my edits and comments. Still, being on the other side of this for the first time in a while, having my own original writing being reviewed, is a good reminder of just how personal writing is to the author. You’ve been editing for hours. You’re halfway through an 84-page paper, and you’re still not quite sure what the student’s main argument…

What’s Wrong With This Diorama? You Can Read All About It

Since I've been working on this Fort Sumter project, I've learned a lot about museums. I think this is a fantastic approach the AMNH took to address an outdated Eurocentric exhibit. The American Museum of Natural History corrects a Native American story in full view of visitors, inviting them to “reconsider this scene.”

2019 whiting_public_engagement_programs_guidelines__ay_202021_2_1.pdf

A fantastic opportunity for early career humanities scholars. Non-TT and full-time adjunct are eligible, too! Shared with Dropbox

I'm pleased to spend my afternoon listening to Dr. Marjorie Spruill speak at the Charleston League of Women Voters luncheon. She's discussing the history of the ERA.

Southern Association for Women Historians (SAWH)

If you will be near Miami in the coming months, be sure to see this exhibit on queer Miami. The exhibition is curated by Julio Capó Jr. who was born and raised in Miami and is an associate professor of history at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He is the author of Welcome to Fairyland: Queer Miami before 1940, winner of the Southern Historical Association's Sydnor Award.

Age of Fear | Johns Hopkins University Press Books

I have exciting new/an important announcement! My friend, colleague, and client Zac Smith wrote an amazing book that is now available. In Age of Fear, Dr. Smith examines how Anglo-Saxon Americans used a rhetoric of fear to Other German Americans during World War I. Using rumors of espionage on American soil and tales of atrocities in Europe, Anglo-Saxon Americans determined that WWI was a war of defense: if they did not defeat Germans overseas, Germans would invade the United States. Although the book focuses on Germans and WWI, the rhetoric of fear applies to how Americans continue to view "foreign threats," and Zac tackles this in his conclusion. The book is full of thoughtful and provocative analysis--and fantastic images (wartime propaganda posters and political cartoons).
Johns Hopkins University Press is offering a 20 percent discount. Use code HTWN at checkout. You can't afford _not_ to own Age of Fear.
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