Interviews & Interrogations Institute

Certified Law Enforcement Training taught by Veteran Officers

Our conviction-based approach teaches interview and interrogation techniques that have been proven to increase victim and witness cooperation as well as the number of legally obtained admissions and confessions.

Mission: Our mission is to significantly enhance an individual’s interview and interrogation skills. We provide training that expands the investigator’s ability to legally obtain more factual and accurate information from witnesses, victims, and suspects.


Alumni, we just added a 'Strategic Investigative TAC Plan' PDF packet in the alumni section of our webpage. If you lost / forgot your password please send us a message with your name and the city / date of the class you attended. When the Truth Matters The Most Comprehensive Online Learning for Interviews and Interrogation. WHY CHOOSE INI INSTITUTE? Founded in 1990, Interviews & Interrogations Institute has trained thousands of law enforcement professionals, receiving Peace Officer Standards and training certifications or ap...

Welcome to the Interview and Interrogation Institute

Interviews & Interrogations Institute's cover photo

✅Innocent Suspect is Interrogated: Michael Dixon

A good example of what innocence looks and sounds like

Hamilton Police interview with Michael Dixon, August 15, 2003. Dixon was arrested for a robbery, despite not matching the suspect description. The suspect wa...


There isn’t any one single thing a person can do that makes them more competent in all human interaction, than having great communication skills. The very nature of influence and impact is communication. The essence of interview and interrogation training is about enhancing communication skills.

Better communication can help streamline an investigation and minimize the impact on resources. The truth can help victims of crime with closure and prevent ongoing victimization and avoid costly civil judgments. Getting to the truth can help solve otherwise unsolvable cases and clear up confusion by gathering more accurate and detailed information from human sources. Because no matter what an investigator thinks he or she knows about a case, they will never know as much as the suspect, the witness, or the victim of the crime.

Investigators can now develop their Interview and Interrogation expertise, online, at their own pace of learning. Classroom training is often a real treat, especially when we consider that more than 3 quarters of people haven’t attended a course of any kind in the last two years or more. If they’re not attending courses (even if they like them), then how are they developing themselves? Nowadays, officers are as likely to be self-directing their own learning, web-searching when situations arise or asking a colleague. In this respect, ‘learning’ is wedded to the work itself – on a ‘grab-and-go’ basis. Real learning occurs in the act of applying new knowledge or know-how and the immediate feedback of, did it go well or did it not?

Smart Law enforcement agencies are finding ways to use technology to address all of their learning priorities and are doing so by appealing to what their officers are motivated to do, which is learning at work to be better and more effective at their jobs, and to progress their careers. When we recognize these motivations, we can support our officers with technology, influencing and enhancing every day performance, whilst building essential capability in areas that are often lacking.

The institute has partnered with a leading learning platform that delivers content in a way that users are familiar with. With over one hundred training videos, interviews, expert tips and troubleshooting sessions, the Institute’s online learning and development programs for interviews and interrogation expertise, is the most comprehensive of its kind, anywhere in the world today.

On-line training is based on bulk license subscriptions. Your agency may elect to renew the license at a discounted rate per year per license, there after. Subscribers will be able to access all new and future resources added to the on-line training site related to interview and interrogation for all licenses purchased. Some of the other topics are precision report writing, pretext phone calls, and tactical communication.

Give me a call and lets discuss how you can take advantage of this great opportunity.

Skip Rogers

Owner and CEO

Interviews and Interrogations Institute

On the web

[email protected]

[09/08/18]   When Truth Matters

This is a Short blog about resources:
As we navigate through the interview or interrogation process and come to the end, we either got to the truth or wound up someplace else. We either furthered the investigation or reached a stalling point. If we made progress or got to the truth, we feel like we did something right. If not, we often wonder what went wrong or could we have done something different. I am often asked during my live seminars what books I would suggest to further enhance ones skill and understanding of the interview and interrogation process.

As an interviewer/interrogator, I think it is a critically important step to self-improvement and honing our skills, to always try to review the last interview or interrogation we conducted; to look and listen to every detail of the interaction. But what are we looking for? How does one assess with some competence as to what one did right, wrong, or what could be done better. You can bet that if the legal system is involved, there will be people scrutinizing your behavior, your every word, and every gesture you as the interviewer or interrogator spoke or displayed.

Well, over the years, I have found a variety of literary resources to be most beneficial to honing my own skills and helping me to self reflect and improve. I also found some writings to be…well, let’s just say, really missing the mark. I will now share with you what I believe to be some of the best resources outside of a classroom setting. They are in no particular order. Some will deal with the legal issues and the others are for enhancing your observation skills.

#1. Professor Gregory DeClue’s book: “Interrogations and Disputed Confessions: A Manual for Forensic Psychological Practice”, ISBN 1-56887-093-0, Professional Resource Press, Sarasota, FL 34277-1560

#2. Dr. Robert D. Hare’s book: “Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of the Psychopaths Among Us”, ISBN 0-671-53606-0, Pocket Books, New York, NY 10020

#3. Jo-Ellan Dimitrius, Ph.D. and Wendy Patrick Mazzarella book: “Reading People: How to Understand People and Predict Their Behavior---Anytime, Anyplace”, ISBN 798-0-345-50413-5, Ballantinebooks, New York

#4. Louis C. Senese’s book: “Anatomy of Interrogation Themes: The Reid Technique of Interview and Interrogation”, ISBN 0-9760093-1-5, John E. Reid and Associates, Chicago, Ill 60606

#5. Joe Navarro with Marvin Karlins, Ph.D. book: “What Every Body is Saying: An Ex-FBI Agent’s Guide to Speed Reading People”, ISBN 978-0-06-143829-5, Harper Collins, New York, NY 10022

#6. Paul Ekman’s Book: “Telling Lies: Clues to Deceit in the Marketplace, Politics, and Marrage”, ISBN 0-393-30872-3, Norton, New York, NY 10110

#7. Duvallis Rutledge, J.D. Book: “INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL EVIDENCE Constitutional Principles for Searches, Seizures, Interrogation & Identification Textbook Binding – Unabridged, 2015, ISBN 978-1-933778-27-3, LawTech Custom Publishing, San Clemente, CA 92673

#8. Ronald P. Fisher, Ph.D., R. Edward Geiselman, Ph.D. book: “Memory-Enhancing Techniques for Investigative Interviewing: The Cognitive Interview, ISBN 0-398—06121-1, Charles C. Thomas Publisher, Springfield, Ill 62794-9265

There you have it. This is the short list. If you can get through these, I think you will agree that they contain pearls of wisdom and insight. I possess a much larger library on the subject. I have an even greater collection of scholarly articles and studies on a variety of topics related to interview and interrogation, rapport building, deceptive behavior and the like. If you would like to see more resource references let us know by leaving a comment and liking the blog.

Be Safe,
Skip Rogers



There is much we can learn by observing skilled interrogators. Something I have done now for nearly 20 years. There is a laundry list of personal skills that a good interrogator possesses. The good interrogator will employ a variety of these skills at any given time depending on the subject being interrogated. I have observed that really good interrogators do share some foundational characteristics, which are essential to their success. I will discuss what I think are the top three. Again, these are not all inclusive characteristics nor are they in any particular order. They are in my opinion vital for getting to the truth.

Patience: Realize that it can be difficult for someone to divulge shameful or embarrassing behavior or behavior that might be considered socially or morally unacceptable. Seldom do we see suspects eager to expose their wrongdoing. In my 25 years on the job, not once did a suspect show up on his/her own at the station to confess his/her crime. Experienced interrogators realize this and know that it may take time in order to bring a person to the point of disclosure. Understanding why a person may be hesitant to disclose can aid the interrogator in assessing and applying their own level of patience.

The interrogator should try to identify and consider what obstacles may be preventing a suspect from disclosing. At the same time manage any external pressures the interrogator may be experiencing. Keeping in mind that environment dictates behavior, a suspect may have a variety of reasons for not immediately disclosing the truth. The suspect knows that if they do disclose, that their environment may suddenly change, i.e. freedom to incarceration. Likewise, an interrogator may be feeling a level of pressure from outside sources. If the case is a high profile case, there can be media attention, pressure from superiors to get results, peer pressure, significant workload, or the internal desire to get to the point. Good interrogators have the ability to adjust their internal dialogue and suspend their internal clock. This puts the interrogator in a superior mental state of comprehension and understanding allowing greater ability to focus on the suspects’ behavior. The goal is to become the person the suspect needs you to be for the Brief period of time you will be in contact with them. The key is taking the time to find who that person is in the moment.

My coach and Mentor Carl Stincelli had this to say about patience:
“Plan on being in the room for hours. It might not take that long but you can’t hurry it. Stay in the room (except for short bathroom breaks etc.) If you feel anger, get someone else to do the interrogation. Don’t stop until you have developed the best time line possible, an admission, a confession; (including a list of things that only the suspect knows).”

Planning & Preparation: If I had to put these essential qualities in order, I would rate this one as the #1 quality of a good interrogator. Because no matter how much you know or think you know about an incident, you will never know as much as the person who committed the crime, witnessed the crime, or was the victim of the crime. In most cases the investigator is involved after the fact. Good interrogators will take the time to prepare and adequately plan for the interview and/or the interrogation. This planning can be detailed and extensive or relatively simple depending on the case and the person under investigation. Most everything we do in law enforcement takes on an orchestrated approach. From responding to serious violent crimes in progress, to tactical raid planning, hostage negotiations, staffing levels, training etc., and the list goes on. Good interrogators are in the habit of approaching interview and interrogation in the same way. Interrogation is an orchestrated approach to gathering information from a source. Good interrogators leave nothing to chance. They will know as much about the subject, the evidence, crime scene details, and victim/witness statements as possible before even meeting with the suspect. They will also have made a determination beforehand as to what kind of a legal admonishment they will give, i.e., Miranda vs. Beheler. They will identify the optimal location and time for the interview/interrogation. If they have a partner, they will plan each roll in the process. There is much more to planning and preparation than is covered here. I know from experience that the more prepared you are the higher your confidence level will be.

Carl had this to say: Know as much suspect background as possible (use the personal history questionnaire if needed). Let the suspect answer ALL the questions and get a baseline of responses. Motives, themes to try, actions AFTER the crime.
A list of things that only the suspect would know.

Confidence: Remember that people are reading you, maybe not to the extent that you are reading them but still they will pick up on certain behaviors you display. Predatory suspects for example choose their victims based on how the victim behaves. The same holds true in the interrogation room. Skillful interrogators are aware of this and will maintain an appearance of “being in control” and at the same time display sensitiveness to or an awareness of the suspects state and their concerns. Good interrogators will display an attitude that communicates that they are there to hear the truth and that they will not accept lies. At the same time be understanding and non-judgmental. Not cocky, cold, insensitive, arrogant, emotional, or superior, but neutral and professional. Regardless of what someone has done, always leave him or her with his or her dignity and respect.

So there you have it, what I consider to be three of the essential qualities to being a good interrogator. This is only a brief description. If you want to take a deeper dive into being a better interrogator, check out our online training at

The Interviews & Interrogations Institute

We have been busy with some projects. I wanted to let you all know that the old web sit getconfessions . com will be taken down pretty soon. If you have been that site you will notice the calendar is empty. Our new website is interviewsandinterrogation . com. It is mostly done. You can see upcoming classes and register for cleasses there. We have investigator classes coming up.

Oct. 15-19 in Ontario
Oct. 22-26 in Carlsbad
Dec. 3-7 in San Diego at the DA's Office
Also, we now have online training available. Contact me directly if you are interested in online training at [email protected]

Good Luck out there and be safe!
Skip Rogers Helping you piece together the truthProfessional interview and interrogation training by veteran law enforcement. Read Why This Training is Important 1 Why choose us? Real, hands-on experience from veteran law enforcement officers. Reliance on proven, conviction-based approaches that get results. Ou...

[08/16/18]   The heart and power of authentic leadership is a kind of humble sincerity in the leader to seek the truth about what is the WISEST thing to do or say in any situation...and to be continually open to learning more about what is WISE. We can never be perfectly wise or lead perfectly...but it is this earnest seeking for wisdom that it is revealed, and authentic leadership manifested.

Dr. Terry Anderson

Good words to lead by


Just for information, my website is under construction and is nearly complete. You can visit the site but it is not fully operational. Help spread the word about upcoming classes. Thanks and stay safe. Skip

202 - Skip Rogers

Check out the pod cast Skip Rogers is an expert in interrogations and interviews. As a peace officer he worked for over 25 years in California. Along the way, he mastered the art of extracting confessions.

[11/22/17]   We still have seats available in the Riverside 3 day patrol class December 12-14.

Researchers say they've created a test that can tell if you're lying by tracking your eyes

New technology in detecting deception. Will this replace the polygraph? Converus has developed a test that uses eye tracking technology to detect if a person is lying.

The suspect told police ‘give me a lawyer dog.’ The court says he wasn’t asking for a lawyer. To the courts in Louisiana, “give me a lawyer dog” was not an invocation of the suspect's constitutional right to counsel. Maybe if there was a comma in there.

Interviews & Interrogations Institute

Skip will be teaching the 5 day investigator class in Redding CA January 22-26. Seats still available. Please share

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Welcome to the Interview and Interrogation Institute




P.O. Box 805
Browns Valley, CA

General information

Since 1990, Interviews & Interrogations Institute has trained thousands of law enforcement professionals receiving Peace Officer Standards and Training certifications in ALL the western United States. We are recognized leaders in the field of interview and interrogation training both Nationally and Internationally. Our conviction-based approach teaches interview and interrogation techniques that have been proven to increase victim and witness cooperation as well as the number of legally obtained admissions and confessions. We welcome officers who have attended other interrogation courses and are honored that they continually rate Interviews & Interrogations Institute their #1 source for interview and interrogation training. As industry leaders, we are frequently called upon as expert witnesses to consult on controversial and high-profile cases. Our high-level of expertise is recognized worldwide and has been featured on CBS, NBC, ABC, as well as CNN and other news format networks. We’ve also consulted on various film and television projects that focus specifically on criminal interview and interrogation techniques. Our training staff consists of veteran police officers who have worked in the field. Having actual law enforcement experience, these veterans KNOW what it takes to get bulletproof confessions! Check out our Course Calendar for the most convenient location near you. We look forward to showing you why we are proven to be the most effective interview & interrogations course available!
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