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74th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment monument at Gettysburg.
The 74th PA was raised in Pittsburgh in 1861 under the command of Col. Alexander Schimmelfennig. Due to the large number of German-Americans enlisting in the regiment, the 74th PA was known by its nickname, “the German Regiment.”
The 74th PA fought in the Shenandoah Valley in early 1862, and then at the Second Battle of Bull Run that summer. Schimmelfennig was promoted to command a brigade in XI Corps under Franz Sigel and later Oliver O. Howard.
As part of Schimmelfennig's brigade, the 74th PA fought a Chancellorsville, where XI Corps was routed by Stonewall Jackson’s assault.
The battle hardened, but equally battle weary, regiment arrived at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, with just 381 men. Regardless, it moved into position north of town and was soon heavily engaged with Confederate troops. The regiment’s commander, Col. Adolph Von Hartung fell wounded and his deputy Lt. Col. Theobald Von Mitzel was captured. Command of the regiment passed to Capt. Henry Krauseneck, who led the regiment’s survivors in a disorganized retreat through the town. Krauseneck was later charged with cowardice and forced to resign his commission.
On the evening of July 1, as the survivors of the 74th PA gathered on East Cemetery Hill and prepared to receive another Confederate assault, the regiment mustered only 22 men.
The granite monument was dedicated in 1888, on the 25th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg. It depicts the regiment’s fallen color bearer.
Photo: David Bober, 4/19/22.
The Second Battle of Ypres began “on this day in history” 22 April 1915. The battle raged for 33-days and saw the first use of poison gas in the First World War.
This painting by Canadian war artist Richard Jack was commissioned by the British Empire’s propaganda chief, the “Minister of Information,” Lord Beaverbrook. Today, the painting is exhibited at the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa.
The Ypres battlefields in Belgium can be visited today. The closest international airport is Brussels (BRU) and the Flanders region is accessible by car and train from France, Germany, and the Netherlands.
Leipzig, Germany, was captured by the US troops of the 69th Infantry Division on April 20, 1945. The men of the division would, days later, famously link up with Soviet troops at Torgau.
Later part of the Soviet occupation zone and East Germany, Leipzig was difficult to visit for Western travelers. Today, shaking off its wartime history and communist past, Leipzig is a vibrant European city with art museums, historic buildings, and cafes.
Last Stand at Völkerschlachtdenkmal: The Battle of Leipzig, 1945 In Leipzig, the Völkerschlachtdenkmal commemorated a great victory. The fates held that at the monument, Germany would have its last stand.
Some photos of eve closed area at Devil’s Den Gettysburg National Military Park currently undergoing restoration and preservation.
Photos: David Bober, 4/19/22.
Devil’s Den CLOSED for 5-6 months, Little Round Top CLOSED for 18 months.
Sons of Alabama and Tennessee - Archer’s Brigade at the Battle of Gettysburg.
The spammers are back. Please don’t click on their links. Their comments are deleted ASAP and they are banned from the page, but sometimes they swarm and one will slip through.
Happy Tennessee Tuesday from West Confederate Avenue @ Gettysburg. It’s a little chilly on the battlefield today, but the sky is amazing.
Three Tennessee regiments fought at Gettysburg as part of Archer’s Brigade in Heth’s Division, III Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. These were the 1st Tennessee Provisional, the 7th Tennessee, and the 14th Tennessee.
An inscription on the rear of the monument reads, “THEY FOUGHT AND DIED FOR THEIR CONVICTIONS, PERFORMING THEIR DUTY AS THEY UNDERSTOOD IT.”
Thank you Explorer Coffees!
The Battle of Dybbøl took place “on this day in history” 18 April 1864. One of the battles in the Second Schleswig War between Prussia and Denmark, Dybbøl was a defeat for the Danes. A complete rout was avoided by a desperate counterattack by the Danish 8th Brigade - depicted in this painting by Vilhelm Rosenstand - which cost the brigade 50 percent casualties.
Today, the Dybbøl battlefield in South Jutland, is maintained by the History Centre Dybbøl Banke. The battlefield is easily accessible from Copenhagen, Denmark (CPH airport) and Hamburg, Germany (HAM airport).
Today is the 276th anniversary of the Battle of Culloden (16 April 1746).
Today, the visitor centre at Culloden Moor, operated by the National Trust for Scotland, interprets the battle from both the Government and Jacobite perspectives.
Inverness is accessible by rail on the Highland Main Line with connections to Edinburgh and London. Inverness airport (INV) is accessible from London (LHR and LGW), Amsterdam (AMS) and Dublin (DUB).
Culloden | National Trust for Scotland Powerfully emotive and atmospheric battlefield where the 1745 Jacobite Rising came to a tragic end
The Pennsylvania Monument is the second oldest monument at Monocacy National Battlefield, unveiled in November 1908. The monument commemorates the role of three PA regiments during the Battle of Monocacy on July 9, 1864 - the 67th, 87th, and 138th.
The 87th PA fought at the Thomas Farm and experienced some of the heaviest fighting during the battle, with the regiment’s sharpshooters occupying sniping positions inside the house.
The 138th PA was initially held in reserve until being committed on the extreme left flank of the Union position, beyond the Thomas farm and towards the 11th Illinois Cavalry’s skirmish line.
The 67th PA arrived on the field near the end of the battle and formed across the Baltimore Road as a rearguard for the retreating Union troops.
Photo: David Bober, 4/12/22.
The Battle of Bound Brook took place “on this day in history” April 13, 1777.
At daybreak, a large force (4,000) of British and Hessian troops launched a surprise attack on a Continental Army outpost garrisoned by a small (500) detachment of Pennsylvania infantry and militia.
The outpost, commanded by MG Benjamin Lincoln, held briefly, but the overwhelming British force compelled the Continentals to withdraw. The British troops then wrecked snd looted the post.
A relief column led by MG Nathanael Greene arrived as the British raiders withdrew from Bound Brook and harassed their rearguard. The outpost was reoccupied by Greene’s troops and was back in American hands by midday.
Map by Johann von Ewald, a Hessian officer who participated in the battle.
Monument to the 10th Vermont Infantry Regiment at Monocacy National Battlefield. In the distance (northwest) is the Thomas Farm.
The regiment was part of 1st Brigade, 3rd Dividion, VI Corps during the Battle of Monocacy. A small detachment helped support the Federal line defending the two bridges across the Monocacy River. The main body deployed on the Federal left flank and participated in the heavy fighting around the Thomas Farm.
Photo: David Bober 4/12/22.
Exploring “Araby,” the Thomas Farm at Monocacy National Battlefield.
The site of some of the bitterest fighting in the afternoon of July 9, 1864.
Photos: David Bober 4/12/22.
“Watch out for those Georgians on your left!”
Friends, 99.9% of you already know this, but the comments section is not the place for political discussion and not for culture wars.
IN-PERSON TOUR, BATTLE OF BARNET.
Battlefield Trust historian David Warren will be leading a walking tour of the Battle of Barnet. The 1471 battle was a decisive engagement in the War of the Roses.
The walking tour will mainly be over the traditional ‘Burne’ battlefield, but will also be looking at alternative sites for the battle.
Meet at 11AM at the Ye Olde Monken Holt pub (193 High St ,EN5 5SU). The walk will last approximately 2-hours.
For further information and to reserve a place on the walk please contact Chris May at [email protected] or 07963 445506.
The Battlefields Trust - Events - The Battlefields Trust The Battlefields Trust. UK charity protecting and promoting battlefield heritage.
Today, April 9, 2022, is the 159th anniversary of the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox. There have been many books on the subject over the years, but (for me, at least) Bruce Catton's 1953 Pulitzer Prize winning 'A Stillness at Appomattox' remains the classic volume covering the last year of the war, covering the journey fro, the Wilderness, to Cold Harbor, to Petersburg, to Appomattox. A review of the book written in 1954 noted, "No generals on prancing steeds are to be found in this book which lives and has its being in the lowly private or noncom." This is a book that many of us had in our first collection of Civil War histories and remains on many of our bookshelves today.
A Stillness at Appomattox (Army of the Potomac, Vol. 3) Recounting the final year of the Civil War, this classic volume by Bruce Catton won both the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award for excellence in non-fiction. In this final volume of the Army of the Potomac Trilogy, Catton, America's foremost Civil War historian, takes the reader through ...
Bataan Falls April 9, 1942.
The epic Battle of Bataan lasted 3 months and 3 days, from January 7 to April 9. Of the 106,000 United States and Philippines troops defending the peninsula, all became casualties or were captured.
The 76,000 prisoners of war began the notorious Bataan Death March, during which some 20,000 died of sickness, starvation, and their captor’s brutality.
Today, Bataan is a place of pilgrimage. Visitors can ascend Mount Samat to see the Shrine of Valor, explore the ruins of Corregidor Island, and stand at the Zero Kilometer Memorial.
Photo: Dorothea Lange, US govt.
Commemorative mural dedicated to Sergeant Alfred B. Hilton at American Legion Post 55 in Bel Air, Maryland l.
IN-PERSON TOUR, D-DAY & NORMANDY.
Paul “Woody” Woodage of the excellent WW2TV channel is organizing 2023 “off the well-traveled road” tours of the D-Day beaches and locations Normandy campaign. The multi day tours will take participants to rare Atlantic Wall positions and on hikes through the infamous Normandy bocage. This is an ideal in-person tour for people who have already seen the main D-Day sites and enjoy hiking. Tentative dates are April and September 2023. If you are interested, please let me know, and I will pass along Woody’s contact details.
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