Tourism and heritage conservation society

Tourism and heritage conservation society

lets share the idea on how we can maintain the naturality of the haritage we have and suistanable tourism

Operating as usual

03/05/2019

Tourism and heritage conservation society

[05/28/15]   Ujiji Kigoma is the place where Richard Burton and John Speke first reached the shore of Lake Tanganyika in 1858. It is also the site of the famous meeting on October 28, 1871 when Henry Stanley found Dr. David Livingstone, and reputedly uttered the famous words "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" Livingstone, whom many thought dead as no news had been heard of him for several years and who had only arrived back in Ujiji the day before, wrote "When my spirits were at their lowest ebb, the good Samaritan was close at hand, for one morning [my servant] Susi came running at the top of his speed and gasped out, 'An Englishman! I see him!' and off he darted to meet him. The American flag at the head of the caravan told of the nationality of the stranger. Bales of goods, baths of tin, huge kettles, cooking pots, tents, etc., made me think, 'This must be a luxurious traveller, and not one at his wits' end like me.

A monument known as the "Dr. Livingstone Memorial" was erected in Ujiji to commemorate the meeting. There is also a modest museum. There is a former slave route near the market. In 1878, the London Missionary Society established their first missionary post on the shore of Lake Tanganyika at Ujiji.

Some in Burundi claim the location of the famous meeting is a few miles south of the capital Bujumbura. However the Livingstone-Stanley Monument in Mugere actually marks a visit the two men made 15 days later on their joint exploration of northern Lake Tanganyika.
What to do in Ujiji

Chimpanzee trekking at Gombe and Mahale National Parks;
Swimming and snorkeling in the lake Tanganyika;
V isit the site of Henry Stanley’s famous “Dr Livingstone I presume” at Ujiji near Kigoma, and watch the renowned dhow builders at work.

[05/17/15]   SAADANI
Saadani village once was an important harbour-town and slave trading centre in east Africa. Now it is a small Swahili fishing village with about 800 inhabitants whose livelihood is mostly fishing. Other villages adjacent to the park make their living through farming, especially coconut growing.

After periods of Portuguese and Arab domination, the region gained importance in 18th and 19th centuries following a rising international demand for ivory and slaves. The actual Saadani village emerged with towns like Bagamoyo and Pangani as new trading centers connecting Zanzibar with long-distance trade routes from Tabora. At the end of the 19th century, Bwana Heri bin Juma was ruling Saadani. In oral tradition he is the mythological founder-hero of the village as he resisted all Zanzibari attempts to occupy the town and defeated the sultan`s troops in 1882. In 1886 the German protectorate`s borders were established. Two years later, the coastal people organized resistance against the Germans under the joint leadership of Abushiri bin Salim al Harth and Bwana Heri. On 6th June 1889 Saadani was bombarded and taken by Germans. Bwana Heri being considered by the Germans as an honourable enemy, he was told to rebuild Saadani.

Saadani`s and Bagamoyo`s caravan trade declined at the end of the 19th century while Dar-es-salaam rose to be the most important trading centre of the coastal region. Commercial production along the coast, such as rice, sugar and copra, which were exported to Zanzibar and the Indian Ocean, disappeared after the German invasion. These were replaced by cash crops such as coffee, cotton and sisal for the European market. Following the transfer of the protectorate to the British after the First World War sisal, kapok, cashew estates and cattle ranches were established in the Saadani area. Ruins of stone houses still bear testimony to the former flourishing condition.

An old German boma (government house) and several graves can still be found in Saadani.

geolsoc.org.uk 29/04/2015

The Geological Society

geolsoc.org.uk One of the most important contributions to the development of plate tectonic theory was Alfred Wegener's 1915 publication of 'The origin of continents and oceans' which outlined his theory of Continental Drift. Wegener supported his argument with five lines of evidence.

[04/02/15]   With its cobwebbed portals and crumbling
German-era colonial buildings, central
Bagamoyo , or Mji Mkongwe (Stone Town) as
it’s known locally, is well worth exploration.
The most interesting area is along Ocean Rd.
Here you’ll find the old German boma (a
fortified living compound; in colonial times,
an administrative office), built in 1897, and
Liku House , which served as the German
administrative headquarters. There is also a
school, which dates to the late 19th century
and was the first multiracial school in what is
now Tanzania.
On the beach is the German Customs House
(1895), Bagamoyo’s port , where you can
watch boat builders at work, and a busy fish
market (on the site of the old slave market),
with lively auctions most afternoons.
Northwest of here are several small streets
lined with carved doors similar to those found
elsewhere along the coast. Further south is
the mid-19th-century Old Fort . The
ridiculously steep fee levied to walk around
the old town is payable at the Antiquities
branch office at the Old Fort, where you can
also get a guide.

[03/20/15]   Chumbe Island Coral Park Ltd. (CHICOP) is an
award-winning private nature reserve that was
developed from 1991 for the conservation and
sustainable management of uninhabited
Chumbe Island off Zanzibar, one of the last
pristine coral islands in the region.
The park includes a fully protected coral reef
sanctuary and forest reserve that harbour
extremely rare and endangered animals, a
Visitor and Education centre, a small eco-
lodge, nature trails and historical ruins. All
buildings and operations are based on state-of-
the-art eco-technology aiming at zero impact
on the environment (rainwater catchment,
photovoltaic energy and solar water heating,
composting toilets, vegetative greywater
filtration etc.).
The company objectives are non-commercial,
while operations follow commercial principles.
The overall aim of CHICOP is to create a model
of financially and ecologically sustainable Park
management, where ecotourism supports
conservation, research and comprehensive
Environmental Education programs for local
schools and other benefits for local people.
The latest: Chumbe Island Coral Park
receives UN recognition!
The work of Chumbe Island Coral Park Ltd
towards the sustainable management and
protection of the Chumbe coral reefs has been
recognized by the UN Secretary General in his
report to the General Assembly on Protection
of coral reefs for sustainable livelihoods and
development, in preparation for the Rio+20 -
United Nations Conference on Sustainable
Development 4-6 June 2012. Under the
heading "The role of national legislation in
protecting coral reefs (including importance of
inclusion of indigenous/local communities)" on
Page 21, the report says:
"A noted example for PES (Payment for
Ecosystem Services) within the context of coral
reefs habitat is the private, non-profit Chumbe
Island Coral Park Ltd (CHICOP) in Tanzania. The
Government of Zanzibar established a
protected area around the island and its
fringing coral reef in 1994 and gave the
management rights to CHICOP, which is
responsible for implementing the CHICOP
Management Plans 1995-2016."

[10/15/14]   The Selous Game Reserve is one of the largest faunal reserves of the world, located in the south of Tanzania. It was named after Englishman Sir Frederick Selous, a famous big game hunter and early conservationist, who died at Beho Beho in this territory in 1917 while fighting against the Germans during World War I. Scottish explorer and cartographer Keith Johnston also died at Beho Beho in 1879 while leading a RSGS expedition to the Great Lakes of Africa with Joseph Thomson. The Selous was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982 due to the diversity of its wildlife and undisturbed nature.

The reserve covers a total area of 54,600 km2 (21,100 sq mi) and has additional buffer zones. Within the reserve no permanent human habitation or permanent structures are permitted. All (human) entry and exit is carefully controlled by the Wildlife Division of the Tanzanian Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism. Some of the typical animals of the savanna (for example elephants, hippopotami, African Wild Dog, cape buffalo and crocodiles) can be found in this park in larger numbers than in any other African game reserve or national park.

[10/09/14]   The Amboni Caves are the most extensive limestone caves in East Africa. They are located 8 km north of Tanga City in Tanzania off the Tanga-Mombasa road. The caves were formed about 150 million years ago during the Jurassic age. It covers an area of 234 km². According to researchers the area was under water some 20 million years ago. There are altogether ten caves but only one is used for guided tours.

[09/22/14]   TODAY IS WORLD RHINO DAY
Several years ago Black Rhinos were
reintroduced to the Northern Serengeti at a
great cost.
Rhino horn is now worth more than gold or
co***ne.
What in the world do they think will happen
if they put a highway RIGHT through the
area where they are located?
The Southern Route is the alternative that
will help 5x as many people and in many
regards already exists. roads just need to be
improved, upgraded and connected.
Win/Win situation
SAVE THE RHINO

[11/05/13]   Get it,,,Ngorongoro is a huge caldera, or collapsed volcano, 250 square kilometres in size and 600 metres deep. Its spectacular setting and abundance of wildlife combine to make it one of the wonders of the natural world.

The crater alone has over 20.000 large animals including some of Tanzania’s last remaining black rhino. Animals are free to enter or leave the crater, but many of them stay for the plentiful water and grazing available on the crater floor throughout the year.

Open grassland covers most of the crater floor, turning yellow with wild flowers in June. The soda lake Makat is a great attraction for flamingos and other water birds, while predators hide in the marsh to ambush animals that come to drink from the river that feeds the lake.

Also on the crater floor are swamps, providing water and habitat for elephant and hippo as well as numerous smaller creatures such as frogs, snakes and several cats.

The Lerai forest on the crater floor gets its name from the Maasai word for the elegant yellow-barked acacia tree. The small forest patches on the crater floor are home to leopard, monkey, baboon, and antelope such as waterbuck and bushbuck.

[10/07/13]   did you know

The Mara River is an international river, shared between Kenya and Tanzania. The Mara River Basin is about 13,750 km2, of which about 65% is located in Kenya and 35% in Tanzania. The Mara River runs through the Masai Mara Game Reserve on the Kenyan side and the Serengeti National Park on the Tanzanian side, both of global conservation significance and of great economic importance. It pours its water into Lake Victoria, the source of the river Nile.

Local communities and other stakeholders in the Mara River Basin are increasingly facing water shortages as well as problems with poor water quality and environmental degradation. This limits attempts to alleviate poverty and improve healthcare, food security, economic development and protection of the natural resources.

The main competing interests for water resources in the Mara River include the large scale irrigation plantations on the Kenyan side, the Masai Mara and Serengeti Wildlife protected areas, small scale farmers and pastoralists on both sides of the basin, the mining industry in Tanzania, small scale fishing activities and urban and rural domestic water supplies. Further problems are caused by the loss of forest cover in the upper catchments and along rivers, unsustainable agricultural practices (including irrigation), pollution threats from urban settlements, and mining.

[10/07/13]   World Heritage List Nominations
Nomination process

Only countries that have signed the World Heritage Convention, pledging to protect their natural and cultural heritage, can submit nomination proposals for properties on their territory to be considered for inclusion in UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
1 - Tentative List

The first step a country must take is to make an ‘inventory' of its important natural and cultural heritage sites located within its boundaries. This ‘inventory' is known as the Tentative List, and provides a forecast of the properties that a State Party may decide to submit for inscription in the next five to ten years and which may be updated at any time. It is an important step since the World Heritage Committee cannot consider a nomination for inscription on the World Heritage List unless the property has already been included on the State Party's Tentative List.
2 - The Nomination File

By preparing a Tentative List and selecting sites from it, a State Party can plan when to present a nomination file. The World Heritage Centre offers advice and assistance to the State Party in preparing this file, which needs to be as exhaustive as possible, making sure the necessary documentation and maps are included. The nomination is submitted to the World Heritage Centre for review and to check it is complete. Once a nomination file is complete the World Heritage Centre sends it to the appropriate Advisory Bodies for evaluation.
3 - The Advisory Bodies

A nominated property is independently evaluated by two Advisory Bodies mandated by the World Heritage Convention: the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) and the World Conservation Union (IUCN), which respectively provide the World Heritage Committee with evaluations of the cultural and natural sites nominated. The third Advisory Body is the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM), an intergovernmental organization which provides the Committee with expert advice on conservation of cultural sites, as well as on training activities.
4 - The World Heritage Committee

Once a site has been nominated and evaluated, it is up to the intergovernmental World Heritage Committee to make the final decision on its inscription. Once a year, the Committee meets to decide which sites will be inscribed on the World Heritage List. It can also defer its decision and request further information on sites from the States Parties.
5 - The Criteria for Selection

To be included on the World Heritage List, sites must be of outstanding universal value and meet at least one out of ten selection criteria. These criteria are explained in the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention which, besides the text of the Convention, is the main working tool on World Heritage. The criteria are regularly revised by the Committee to reflect the evolution of the World Heritage concept itself.

Until the end of 2004, World Heritage sites were selected on the basis of six cultural and four natural criteria. With the adoption of the revised Operational Guidelines, only one set of ten criteria exists.

[10/07/13]   Climate Change and World Heritage
The issue of the impacts of climate change on World Heritage natural and cultural properties was brought to the attention of the
29th session of the World Heritage Committee in 2005 by a group of concerned organisations and individuals. The World Heritage Committee requested the World Heritage Centre of UNESCO, in collaboration with the Advisory Bodies (IUCN, ICOMOS and ICCROM), interested States Parties and the petitioners who had drawn the attention of the Committee to this issue, to convene a broad working group of experts on the impacts of Climate Change on World Heritage. The Committee took this decision noting "that the impacts of Climate Change are affecting many and are likely to affect many more World Heritage properties, both natural and cultural in the years to come". lets minimize the negative impact.

[10/05/13]   did you know..... In the 1980s, Africa lost half its elephants to poaching – but since the international ivory trade was banned in 1989, numbers have begun to recover. please stop poaching

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Experience the authentic Swahili Dhow Cruise What is your lux list ? #Culture #Dhow #Sunset #celebrate

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