Annali di storia dell'Esegesi

Annali di storia dell'Esegesi

Rivista semestrale, edita a cura Centro Italiano di studi superiori sulle religioni I due fascicoli annuali sono solitamente pubblicati come numeri monografici.

Annali di Storia dell'Esegesi è una rivista a cadenza semestrale, dedicata prevalentemente alla storia del cristianesimo e alla storia dell'interpretazione cristiana ed ebraica della Bibbia. Grazie alla sua prospettiva interdisciplinare e al suo pieno coinvolgimento nell'attuale dibattito scientifico, la rivista è divenuta col tempo un punto di riferimento imprescindibile per lo studio generale de

27/01/2024

imparare da tutti
imparare sempre
non combattere chi non la pensa come noi
non disprezzare

L'Ottavo – Notizie dal mondo dei libri e non solo 13/01/2024

leggere l'Ottavo

L'Ottavo – Notizie dal mondo dei libri e non solo Critica letteraria L’insanabile contrasto tra arte e vita in Antonia Pozzi 15 Dicembre 2023 0 L’insanabile contrasto tra arte e vita in Antonia Pozzi Di Graziella Enna Le radici dell’inquietudine e del tedio esistenziale di Antonia Pozzi nascono da varie…

13/01/2024

impariamo le limngue dei potenrti ma non quelle dei servi:
imnglere o cinese, ma non Tagalog (eppure è forse la lingua più parlata dagli emigrati in Italia)

28/11/2020

é uscito il secondo numero del 2020 di Annali di Storia dell'Esegesi
Ecco l'INDICE:
Ase 37 / 2 (2020) INDICE

Ricordo di Maria Grazia Mara

Sarah Whitear, Solving the Gender Problem in Leviticus 12: From Philo to Feminism

Andrea Annese, Il Vangelo secondo Tommaso e il platonismo. Considerazioni in margine a un recente volume

Federico Adinolfi, Il Vangelo dei Segni e i suoi predecessori.La Sēmeia-Quelle come rilettura post-70 di Marco e di Q. Parte Prima

Giorgio Jossa, Gli Apostoli

Osvalda Andrei, Series Persecutorum. Le liste delle persecuzioni tra patti di memoria e damnatio memoriae

Isabella D’Auria, L’Historia Apostolica di Aratore: riflessioni sulle funzioni dell’opera nel suo contesto storico

Jan Krans, Erasmus and Codex Vaticanus
Luigi Walt, Rethinking Biblical Studies with Jonathan Z. Smith

Discussion of the Book of Markus Vinzent, Writing the History of Early Christianity. From Reception to Retrospection (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 2019
Laura Carnevale, Remarks on Markus Vinzent,
Roberto Alciati, Retrospections for a new Patristics

Andrea Nicolotti, Fernando Bermejo Rubio, La invención de Jesús de Nazaret: Historia, ficción, historiografía, Madrid, Siglo XXI, 2018, 796 pp.

Annali di Storia dell’Esegesi 30/04/2019

Annali di Storia dell’Esegesi
Rivista semestrale a cura del Centro Italiano di Studi Superiori sulle Religioni

Current Issue: ASE 35/2 (2018)

ASE.CoverBasic
ANNALI DI STORIA DELL’ESEGESI 35/2 (2018)

Ancient Followers of Jesus
Ancient Christianity
Modernity and Ancient Religions
Discussion of Books

Year: 2018 (December)
Pages: 288

Contents

Ancient Followers of Jesus

Mauro Pesce, Momenti creativi brevi. Ipotesi. Per una diversa comprensione del movimento di Gesù
Andrea Annese, The Sources of the Gospel of Thomas: Methodological Issues and the Case of the Pauline Epistles (With a Focus on Th 17 // 1 Cor 2:9)
Mariano Agustín Spléndido, «He venido a traer la espada». El uso de máchaira en el Evangelio de Mateo
Enrico Mazza, Le fonti del racconto dell’Ultima cena. Una ipotesi
Giulio Michelini, Gesù e la chiesa delle origini alla ricerca di certezze. Confronto tra la Vita di Alessandro di Plutarco e alcuni testi dei vangeli e di Atti in risposta a M. Pesce, “Gesù alla ricerca di certezze e le forme di mediazione della divinità nel giudaismo di età ellenistico-romana”

Ancient Christianity

Osvalda Andrei, Il cristianesimo di Giulio Africano: i Kestoi tra “precetto aureo” e “guerra giusta”
Raúl González Salinero, Los orígenes de la ideología cristiana: de la desjudaización al antijudaísmo

Modernity and Ancient Religions

Guglielmo Forni Rosa, Introduzione allo studio di san Giovanni della Croce
Elisabetta Colagrossi, Tradurre gli dèi. Percorsi, tracce e destini di un’antica pratica religiosa

Discussion of Books

Claudio Gianotto, Il Vangelo ebraico/aramaico di Matteo, il Vangelo di Marcione e la formazione del “vangelo tetramorfo”
Andrea Nicolotti, Due nuovi studi sul Vangelo di Marcione

Book Reviews

Gianpiero Tavolaro, Luigi Santopaolo (a cura di), Apocalittica ed ermeneutica della storia. Storia umana e salvezza trascendente, Soveria Mannelli, Rubbettino, 2017 (Andrea Annese) • J.A. Eberhard and I. Kant, Preparation for Natural Theology, With Kant’s Notes and the Danzig Rational Theology Transcript, Translated and edited with an introduction and notes by Courtney D. Fugate and John Hymers, London-Oxford-New York-New Delhi-Sydney, Bloomsbury, 2016 (Hagar Spano) • K. Jaspers, R. Bultmann, Il problema della demitizzazione, a cura di R. Celada Ballanti, Brescia, Morcelliana, 2018 (Elisabetta Colagrossi)

Books Received

Table of Contents and Abstracts: Download pdf.

Annali di Storia dell’Esegesi Rivista semestrale a cura del Centro Italiano di Studi Superiori sulle Religioni

18/04/2019

IL POTERE DELLE COSE ORDINARIE
ultimo libro di Adriana Destro
Roma, Carocci 2019
Che cosa significa osservare gli eventi minimi, le cose apparentemente di poco conto? Ogni giorno sentiamo l’esigenza di chiarire e di dare nuovo significato agli eventi ordinari che in qualche modo ci coinvolgono. Il libro penetra nei livelli elementari che costituiscono le certezze dell’esistenza. Rappresenta gli scenari che strutturano il quotidiano: le parole e i silenzi, la natura che ci interroga, le nascite e le credenze, la passione del bello, il sedurre e l’essere sedotti. Benché talora contraddittorio, il nostro mestiere di umani è di metterci miracolosamente in gioco per gestire vittorie, sconfitte e sogni paradisiaci, a partire da insostituibili “cose da nulla”. Su questo piano, anche una vittoria parziale o stentata può essere un passo felice verso il futuro.

21/06/2014

ANNALI DI STORIA DELL’ESEGESI 31/1 (20014)
http://asejournal.net/

Sommario
Early Judaism

Jeffrey M. Tripp, A Revelation from Gabriel to Nathan? The Herodian Temple and the Ideology of the Davidic Covenant in the Hazon Gabriel ................... 000-000

The Hazon Gabriel, a Hebrew text written on stone that most likely pre-dates Jesus’ death, initially caused a great deal of controversy due to a possible reference to the resurrection of a Davidic figure after three days. Since the interpretation of that line has largely been rejected, the field is left open for other interpretations of the brief and fragmented text. This paper focuses on the many links to David and the covenantal scene in 2 Samuel 7 in Hazon Gabriel, arguing that both aspects of that covenant – the promise of an enduring Davidic line and the asserted right of God to have a temple built only on God’s initiative – present the proper literary backdrop for Hazon Gabriel. Meanwhile, the rebuilding of the second temple on the initiative of the non-Davidic king Herod, a project that required the demolition of the existing temple, is presented as the historical backdrop to the apocalyptic text.

Early Groups of Jesus Followers

Clare K. Rothschild, “Have I Not Seen Jesus Our Lord ?” (1 Cor 9:1c): Faithlessness of Eyewitnesses in the Gospels of Mark and Paul ........................................ 000-000

In the past ten years, Early Christian Studies has witnessed a resurgence of interest in the relationship between Mark’s gospel and Paul’s letters. Yet Mark and Paul’s undisputed letters encompass important differences. The most significant difference is Mark’s emphasis on Jesus’ life and teachings. Paul seems uninterested in either, rather demonstrating interest in the impact and meaning of Jesus’ death. These and other objections notwithstanding, against the traditional claim that Mark was written by someone associated with Peter, this essay hypothesizes, that the well-known Markan theme of the failure of the disciples’ demonstrates a historical association with Paul. In the wake of Paul’s death, it validates his authority an as an apostle against competing traditions. The first known response was Matthew’s gospel a central purpose of which was to refute this idea. Luke and others, too, eventually responded.

Mara Rescio, Demons and Prayer: Traces of Jesus’ Esoteric Teaching from Mark to Clemens of Alexandria ........................................ 000-000

The article aims to readdress the thorny problem of Mark’s reception in the first two centuries, also by reconsidering the actual role played by Matthew and Luke in the fate of their primary source. Within this perspective, the analysis will focus on the transmission history of Mark 9:28-29, which reports an enigmatic sentence of Jesus concerning demons and prayer, surprisingly absent in the parallel synoptic passages. This Jesus’ saying, which appears in Mark in a clear context of esoteric teaching, was later recalled by Clement of Alexandria in his Eclogae propheticae (15:1), though without any explicit reference to the Gospel. By tracing the possible connection between Clement’s text and Mark’s, we will try to show how some esoteric traits of the Markan Jesus, sifted and eroded by Matthew and Luke, may have survived in the memory of early Christian centuries.

Carlo Carletti, Origini cristiane ed epigrafia. Note di lettura a proposito di alcune iscrizioni (forse) ‘protocristiane’.............................................................. 000-000

This article is dedicated to the analysis of a controversial issue, namely the problem of the relevance of epigraphic testimonies for the study of the Christian origins. Taking as starting point some considerations of W. Tabbernee, published in the last volume of review Annali di Storia dell’Esegesi (30/2, 2013, pp. 287-301), the Author demonstrates that a correct methodological approach to epigraphic testimonies, as already Franz Dölger and Antonio Ferrua demonstrated, doesn’t permit to consider a priori inscriptions with the symbol of fish as evidence of the presence of Christian groups in Rome or elsewhere in the first Centuries. It is therefore necessary to take systematically into adequate consideration the historical and archeological context, to which epigraphic testimonies belong. In this article the Author presents at the same time some considerations on the history of methods in archeology and epigraphy in the XIX and XX Century.

History of Biblical Interpretation

Tim Denecker – Gert Partoens, De uoce et uerbo. Augustine’s exegesis of John 1:1-3 and 23 in sermons 288 and 293A auct. (Dolbeau 3) ................................. 000-000

The distinction between John the voice (uox) and Christ the Word (Verbum) is an important theme in Saint Augustine’s sermons on the birthday of John the Baptist (June 24). It is most prominent in his sermons 288 and 293A auct. (Dolbeau 3), which have been dated to 401 and 407 respectively. Through a close-reading of §§ 2-4 of s. 288 and §§ 5-10 of s. 293A auct., this contribution shows how Augustine first establishes the distinction between uox and uerbum linguistically, and how he subsequently uses it as a didactic analogy in his exegesis of John 1:1-3 (where Christ is presented as the divine Verbum) and 1:23 (where John the Baptist calls himself a ‘uox clamantis in deserto’). From a comparison of the corresponding paragraphs, it will become clear that both sermons are highly similar in structure and phrasing, but that s. 293A auct. stands as the more coherent and more didactic counterpart to s. 288.

History of Christianity

Guglielmo Forni Rosa, Una crisi della coscienza storica: 1896 – 1904 .................... 000-000


The phenomena and discussions that took shape in the beginning of the twentieth century, primarily as a result of the introduction of historical method into biblical studies, were under way, in part, by the second half of the twentieth century. It is necessary to consider the overall framework in which the anti-modernist reaction may have stopped or curbed the study of certain problems - outwardly at least –, but these were to return in various forms, both in the reflections of individuals and in official documents; thus, it can by no means be claimed that discussions of this kind – namely the impact of historical method on our religious culture, and the relationship between history and theology - end with excommunication or the condemnation that followed the onset of modernism. It may be that today, as historians, we are not tied to metaphysical postulates regarding the form of the world, history and the human psyche; however, the aim of hermeneutic orientation, which goes back to Dilthey, but which through Heidegger goes as far as Bultmann, and then Gadamer, Ricoeur, etc. – is to discover the inevitable assumptions which orient interpretation.

Mauro Pesce, La relazione tra il concetto di eresia e la storia del cristianesimo

The article maintains that the concepts of heresy and heretic cannot be used as historiographic categories, since they are confessional tools elaborated in order to condemn some theological theories. Furthermore, the concept of heresy assumes different meanings in different historical periods. The principal historical periods in wich modifications of the concept of heresy took place are, first of all, the second half of the second century, then the classical period of Christian heresiology in the chalcedonian churches, and the medieval period of XI-XIV centuries. From the late sixteenth century onward some conditions came gradually into the existence, which permitted the birth of a non-confessional history of Christianity. The elimination of the concept of heresy implies a reformulation of the epistemological statute of the history of christianity, as a discipline directed at the historical knowledge and not at the defense or presentation of a particular Christian confession or at the defense of Chrstian religion in relation to other religions.

Elena Mazzini, The Catholic anti-Semitism and its transformations

The article explores the main issues relating to the Anti-Semitic culture in the Italian Catholic world from the Thirties to the Seventies of the Twentieth century. Starting from two books recently published about this topic and written by Elena Mazzini herself, the paper gives an overview on the Catholic mentality in order to highlight the continuities and discontinuities occurring in this fifty years in the Italian Catholic milieu and in its traditional “Anti-Semitic codex”. The sources on which both books are based are heterogeneous and extremely various: they come from both unpublished archival documentation -kept in the Vatican Secret Archive and in the Holy See Archive- and over sixty Catholic newspapers. Belonging to the recent historiographical debate developed both in Italy and abroad about the Italian Ecclesiastical politics and the Vatican attitudes during the “totalitarian Era” - such as the Fascist regime was - and also about the legacies of this Anti-Semitic practices in aftermath of WWII, the essay summarizes the principal aspects of these widespread questions that both books have deeply investigated in details.

Historical Jesus: History of Research

Michela Catto, Confucio in Europa e Gesù in Cina .................................................... 000-000
The publication of Confucius Sinarum Philosophus in 1687 started popularizing Confucius’s doctrine in Europe, and gave rise to multiple observations on the differences and similarities of Confucian teachings and Catholic doctrine. The comparison between Moderns and Ancients, of the New Testament and tradition, spread to the West and the East, stressing the cultural continuum of Christianism between the two continents. While Confucius was westernized in Europe, the figure of Christ in China underwent an inversion of the same process. The evangelical message had been brought to the Far East and had been forgotten, but its presence was revealed by applying the figurist method to ancient Chinese texts. The highly ethical and moral values that Chinese society had always been credited with, were justified by the presence of Christ and by its manifestation.

Book Reviews......................................................................... 000-000
Helmut Koester, Paolo e il suo mondo, trad. it. di A. Russo. Brescia: Paideia, 2012, 384 pp. (Luigi Walt)

G. Dall'Olio, Martin Lutero, Carocci, Roma, 2013, pp. 246. (Gian Luca D’Errico)

I. Adinolfi e G. Goisis (a cura di), I volti moderni di Gesù. Arte Filosofia Storia, Macerata, Quodlibet, 2013 (G.Forni Rosa)

Books Received......................................................................

12/04/2012

Annali di Storia dell’Esegesi 28/2 [2011]

INIDICE

I. New Texts

Daniele Tripaldi, Apocalisse di Gabriele:
introduzione e traduzione ......................................................... 11-21

Since its first edition in 2007, the so-called Apocalypse of Gabriel inscription has never
ceased to raise the interest of scholars and media. Beyond any sensationalism and arbitrary
interpretation, it might indeed give fresh insights on the complexity of the religious practice,
ideology and literary production of Jewish groups at the turn of the Common Era. However,
its authenticity is still to be definitely proved. This uncertainty prevents one from drawing
solid and deep-ranging conclusions. An Italian translation of the text is presented.

Claudio Gianotto, Il Vangelo del Salvatore copto:
introduzione e traduzione ......................................................... 23-37

The Gospel of the Savior is a recently published apochryphal text written in Coptic which
enriches our knowledge of the multifaceted and complex reality of the first centuries of
Christianity. This article presents a first Italian translation preceded by an introduction which
illustrates the state of the research on this text.

II. The Construction of Christian Identities

Hagit Amirav, The Christian Appropriation of the Jewish Scriptures:
Allegory, Pauline Exegesis, and the Negotiation of
Religious Identities ................................................................... 39-55

This paper outlines the main research questions and hypotheses which are the subjects of an
ongoing European Research Council project (2008-2014), conducted by the author at VU
University Amsterdam. The main question at issue is how the process of the appropriation of
the Old Testament by early Christian exegetes contributed to the formation of distinctive
Christian identities within the multicultural society of the late Roman principate and early
Byzantine rule. In the author’s view, the traditional understanding of the distinctions between
the two ancient exegetical schools in Alexandria and Antioch needs to be broadened and corrected
by a picture of the actual practice of their hermeneutics. The main hypothesis currently
under investigation is related to the central role played by the letters of the apostle Paul in the
Antiochene reaction against Alexandria.

Brian C. Dennert, Constructing Righteousness:
The «Better Righteousness» of Matthew as Part of the Development
of a Christian Identity .............................................................. 57-80

This study proposes that Matthew's discussion of a righteousness that «exceeds that of the
scribes and Pharisees» is an attempt to distinguish and separate his community from the
Pharisees, a group that would include Jesus-followers. While scholars have often viewed the
antagonism between Jesus and the Pharisees in Matthew as a polemic against rising Formative
Judaism, the use of the Pharisees as the advocates of another righteousness may indicate
the influence of Pharisees among the Jesus-following Jews of Matthew's community. Matthew
points out the destructiveness of the teaching of the Pharisees and constructs a form of
righteousness based on the person of Jesus as the true interpreter of the Law and the Prophets.
In the process of dissociating his group from the Pharisees, Matthew develops a number
of key ideas that would later become characteristic of “mainstream” Christianity, thus laying
the foundation for the construction of a Christian identity distinct from Judaism.

Teresa J. Calpino, «The Lord Opened Her Heart»:
Boundary Crossing in Acts 16,13-15 ....................................... 81-91

This paper focuses on the episode in Acts 16,13-15 that narrates Lydia’s encounter with Paul.
Paul does not approach the leading citizens of Philippi, nor even the leading Jews in the
synagogue, instead he goes outside the boundaries of the city and speaks directly to a group
of women comprised of God-worshippers (sebomenē ton theon). According to societal standards,
Lydia may begin the narrative represented as the other, but she ends it as a baptized
member of the Philippian community. This paper will examine the story and Lydia’s identity
from three angles: Lydia as ideal woman over against dominant societal standards, worshipper
of God, and insider. Through her characterization and the virtues awarded to her, Lydia is
portrayed as an ideal follower of the risen Christ. Lydia’s characterization suggests that in
most cases Acts constructs a female identity that is tangential to the ideal of wife and mother
of the dominant culture.

Gabriella Gelardini, The Contest for a Royal Title: Herod versus Jesus
in the Gospel according to Mark (6,14-29; 15,6-15) ............... 93-106

Titles of honor, nobility, and office, or academic titles confer prestige and power upon individuals,
thus potentially bearing a great deal of political as well as social conflict. In the Gospel
according to Mark a story of a conflict-laden contest for a royal title is narrated, whose
protagonists are Herod Antipas and Jesus. This article first considers linguistic renditions of
title and name, of political achievements and failures, and of Herod’s demise. Secondly, it
juxtaposes these issues in regard to Jesus and thereby demonstrates – particularly based on
Mark 6,14-29 and 15,6-15 – that the narrative construes Herod unpredictably as the kingmaker
of the Messiah.

III. New Methodological Questions

Emiliano Rubens Urciuoli, Confini, apparati ideologici e
giochi di potere. In riferimento alla «storia sociale delle idee
come fatti materiali» di Daniel Boyarin .................................. 107-138

How to write a «social history of ideas as material facts» without falling into teleologism and
historical anachronism? How to conceive and narrate the history of discursive initiation and
social constitution of two mutually exclusive religious systems, without providing any depoliticized
social actor with magical powers of interpellation? This article would like to restart
the debate on Daniel Boyarin’s controversial reading to the question of the «partition of
the ways» between Christianity and Judaism (how did it happen that two former nonreligions
were borne to a new social existence as religions by certain linguistic acts?) and try
to articulate a methodological proposal for a different answer. In order to do so, a new role is
assigned to the main inspirers of Boyarin’s Border Lines: L. Althusser, J. Butler, H.K.
Bhabha, J.C. Scott and M. Foucault – with the “extraordinary participation” of F. Barth.

29/03/2012

UNA RICERCA STRORDINARIA

ANNALI di storia dell’esegesi 27/2/2010, Le identità dei seguaci di Gesù. Il dibattito sul Gesù storico, Edizioni Dehoniane Bologna, pagg. 360, € 35,80.

È impossibile in poche parole segnalare la densità e la preziosità di questo numero della nota rivista semestrale del Centro Italiano di Studi delle Religioni.

Nella prima parte vengono discusse e scandagliate varie ipotesi rispetto alla costruzione nel Cristianesimo primitivo e in quello antico delle diverse identità dei diversi gruppi cristiani. Nella seconda parte si documenta la ricerca attuale sulla figura storica di Gesù. Molte pagine sono dedicate a recensioni e dibattiti su due libri: quello di Giancarlo Gaeta su “Il Gesù moderno” e quello di Adriana Destro e Mauro Pesce su “L’uomo Gesù”, tutto dedicato alla pratica di vita di Gesù.

Federico Adinolfi segnala poi circa 135 libri sul Gesù storico usciti tra il 2007 e il 2010, aggiungendo gli indici o qualche osservazione sui contenuti.

Il gruppo italiano di ricerca sul Gesù storico, nato a Bologna nel 2009, è all’altezza delle più rigorose éuipes internazionali. Sono di rilevantissimo interesse le ricerche sul Gesù storico prima di Reimarus. Le pagine di Destro-Pesce sul primato della pratica di vita come criterio base della ricerca del Gesù storico e il dibattito sul libro di Gaeta lasciano il segno. Ma non risultano affatto superflue le pagine dedicate alla rassegna dei contributi recenti di Craffert, di Dole Allison, di Antonio Pagola, di Jens Schroter e Markus Ohler.

Il numero della rivista si chiude con un ampio resoconto del Terzo Convegno internazionale sulla letteratura apocrifa cristiana di Strasburgo (14-16 gennaio 2010). Perdersi questi aggiornamenti sarebbe un perdere contatto con il progredire delle ricerche sul Gesù storico. Chi di voi è giovane vedrà altre “tappe” feconde.

Franco Barbero

13/03/2012

Prossimo nmero di ASE :

per la prima volta una traduzione italiana di

Apocalisse di Gabriele

Il Vangelo del salvatore

10/03/2012

Come è nato il cristianesimo
chi era il Gesù storico
differenza tra cristianesimo e Gesù
differenza tra giudaismo e cristianesimo
pluralità dei cristianesimi originari

sono temi che si trovamo spesso su Annali di Storia dell'Esegesi con informazioni sulla ricerca più recente

26/02/2012

Annali di Storia dell'esegesi ha ora una redazione statunitense a Chicago diretta da Edmondo Lupieri, Loyola University

26/02/2012

Sommario di ASE 28/2
I. New Texts
II. The Construction of Christian Identities
III. New Methodological Questions

Mauro Pesce, Presentation ..................................................... 7-9

I. New Texts

Daniele Tripaldi, Apocalisse di Gabriele:
introduzione e traduzione ......................................................... 11-21
Since its first edition in 2007, the so-called Apocalypse of Gabriel inscription has never
ceased to raise the interest of scholars and media. Beyond any sensationalism and arbitrary
interpretation, it might indeed give fresh insights on the complexity of the religious practice,
ideology and literary production of Jewish groups at the turn of the Common Era. However,
its authenticity is still to be definitely proved. This uncertainty prevents one from drawing
solid and deep-ranging conclusions. An Italian translation of the text is presented.

Claudio Gianotto, Il Vangelo del Salvatore copto:
introduzione e traduzione ......................................................... 23-37
The Gospel of the Savior is a recently published apochryphal text written in Coptic which
enriches our knowledge of the multifaceted and complex reality of the first centuries of
Christianity. This article presents a first Italian translation preceded by an introduction which
illustrates the state of the research on this text.

II. The Construction of Christian Identities

Hagit Amirav, The Christian Appropriation of the Jewish Scriptures:
Allegory, Pauline Exegesis, and the Negotiation of
Religious Identities ................................................................... 39-55
This paper outlines the main research questions and hypotheses which are the subjects of an
ongoing European Research Council project (2008-2014), conducted by the author at VU
University Amsterdam. The main question at issue is how the process of the appropriation of
the Old Testament by early Christian exegetes contributed to the formation of distinctive
Christian identities within the multicultural society of the late Roman principate and early
Byzantine rule. In the author’s view, the traditional understanding of the distinctions between
the two ancient exegetical schools in Alexandria and Antioch needs to be broadened and corrected
by a picture of the actual practice of their hermeneutics. The main hypothesis currently
under investigation is related to the central role played by the letters of the apostle Paul in the
Antiochene reaction against Alexandria.

Brian C. Dennert, Constructing Righteousness:
The «Better Righteousness» of Matthew as Part of the Development
of a Christian Identity .............................................................. 57-80
This study proposes that Matthew's discussion of a righteousness that «exceeds that of the
scribes and Pharisees» is an attempt to distinguish and separate his community from the
Pharisees, a group that would include Jesus-followers. While scholars have often viewed the
antagonism between Jesus and the Pharisees in Matthew as a polemic against rising Formative
Judaism, the use of the Pharisees as the advocates of another righteousness may indicate
the influence of Pharisees among the Jesus-following Jews of Matthew's community. Matthew
points out the destructiveness of the teaching of the Pharisees and constructs a form of
righteousness based on the person of Jesus as the true interpreter of the Law and the Prophets.
In the process of dissociating his group from the Pharisees, Matthew develops a number
of key ideas that would later become characteristic of “mainstream” Christianity, thus laying
the foundation for the construction of a Christian identity distinct from Judaism.

Teresa J. Calpino, «The Lord Opened Her Heart»:
Boundary Crossing in Acts 16,13-15 ....................................... 81-91
This paper focuses on the episode in Acts 16,13-15 that narrates Lydia’s encounter with Paul.
Paul does not approach the leading citizens of Philippi, nor even the leading Jews in the
synagogue, instead he goes outside the boundaries of the city and speaks directly to a group
of women comprised of God-worshippers (sebomenē ton theon). According to societal standards,
Lydia may begin the narrative represented as the other, but she ends it as a baptized
member of the Philippian community. This paper will examine the story and Lydia’s identity
from three angles: Lydia as ideal woman over against dominant societal standards, worshipper
of God, and insider. Through her characterization and the virtues awarded to her, Lydia is
portrayed as an ideal follower of the risen Christ. Lydia’s characterization suggests that in
most cases Acts constructs a female identity that is tangential to the ideal of wife and mother
of the dominant culture.

Gabriella Gelardini, The Contest for a Royal Title: Herod versus Jesus
in the Gospel according to Mark (6,14-29; 15,6-15) ............... 93-106
Titles of honor, nobility, and office, or academic titles confer prestige and power upon individuals,
thus potentially bearing a great deal of political as well as social conflict. In the Gospel
according to Mark a story of a conflict-laden contest for a royal title is narrated, whose
protagonists are Herod Antipas and Jesus. This article first considers linguistic renditions of
title and name, of political achievements and failures, and of Herod’s demise. Secondly, it
juxtaposes these issues in regard to Jesus and thereby demonstrates – particularly based on
Mark 6,14-29 and 15,6-15 – that the narrative construes Herod unpredictably as the kingmaker
of the Messiah.

III. New Methodological Questions

Emiliano Rubens Urciuoli, Confini, apparati ideologici e
giochi di potere. In riferimento alla «storia sociale delle idee
come fatti materiali» di Daniel Boyarin .................................. 107-138
How to write a «social history of ideas as material facts» without falling into teleologism and
historical anachronism? How to conceive and narrate the history of discursive initiation and
social constitution of two mutually exclusive religious systems, without providing any depoliticized
social actor with magical powers of interpellation? This article would like to restart
the debate on Daniel Boyarin’s controversial reading to the question of the «partition of
the ways» between Christianity and Judaism (how did it happen that two former nonreligions
were borne to a new social existence as religions by certain linguistic acts?) and try
to articulate a methodological proposal for a different answer. In order to do so, a new role is
assigned to the main inspirers of Boyarin’s Border Lines: L. Althusser, J. Butler, H.K.
Bhabha, J.C. Scott and M. Foucault – with the “extraordinary participation” of F. Barth.

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