English for school students

English for school students

A page for teaching English for school students and improving their skills.

Operating as usual

Photos from English for school students's post 18/09/2023

شرح منهج العلوم للغات التيرم الأول على
Google classroom , Google meet
للصف الخامس الابتدائي
كود الفصل: j55p7a7
زمن الحصة: ساعتين
للتواصل واتس آب: 01141277709
المصادر: student book - assessment book
للانضمام للفصل: افتح Google classroom و اضغط على علامة ال + في أقصى اليمين من فوق و اختر join class ثم أدخل كود الفصل المكتوب في البوست.
الحصة الأولى مجانية: يوم السبت 23 سبتمبر

Photos from English for school students's post 07/07/2023


Modal Verbs.
Phrasal Verbs.
Linking Verbs.
Different categories of verbs.
Regular and Irregular verbs.
Slides 28 - 54
Best wishes 🤍

Photos from English for school students's post 05/07/2023


Subject.
Verbs.
Classification of verbs.
Types of verbs (Main verbs- Auxiliary Verbs/Helping Verbs).
Slides 1 - 27
Best wishes 🤍

Photos from English for school students's post 26/12/2022


Future tense exercises

Photos from English for school students's post 17/09/2022



WISH
Best wishes 🤍🤍

Photos from English for school students's post 10/09/2022


Future perfect continuous (progressive)
Best wishes 🤍

Photos from English for school students's post 06/09/2022


Future perfect continuous (progressive)
Best wishes to you all 💙💙

to be continued ........

27/08/2022

Present Perfect Continuous
(Present Perfect Progressive) 💙💙



It is used to show that an action started in the past and has continued up to the present moment.

Forms: 🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒
Subject + have or has + been + inf. + ing
Positive:
I have been playing.
You have been playing.
We have been playing.
They have been playing.
He has been playing.
She has been playing.
It has been playing.
Negative:
I have not been playing.
You have not been playing.
We have not been playing.
They have not been playing.
He has not been playing.
She has not been playing.
It has not been playing.
Question:
Have I been sleeping?
Have you been sleeping?
Have we been sleeping?
Have they been sleeping?
Has he been sleeping?
Has she been sleeping?
Has it been sleeping?

USE of present perfect tense: Duration from the Past Until Now

Examples: 🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒
I have been writing articles on different topics since morning.
She has been reading the book for two hours.
He has been writing realistic songs since the beginning of his career.
They have been watching too much television lately.
Recently, I have been feeling really tired.
I haven't been feeling well lately.
Mia has been competing in flute competitions recently.
What have you been doing for the last 30 minutes?
James has been teaching at the university since June.
Why has Nancy not been taking her medicine for the last three days?

REMEMBER 🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟
Non-Continuous Verbs
It is important to remember that non-continuous verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses.
Also, certain non-continuous meanings for mixed verbs cannot be used in continuous tenses.
Instead of using present perfect continuous with these verbs, you must use present perfect.
Example:
Have is a non-continuous verb.
Sam has been having his car for two years. Not Correct
Sam has had his car for two years. Correct

Non-Continuous Verbs ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️
Verbs that are usually actions you cannot see somebody doing. These verbs are rarely used in continuous tenses. They include:
Examples:
be – hear – need
have – own – belong.
like – hate – look

Mixed Verbs ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️
Verbs that have more than one meaning. Some meanings behave like "non-continuous verbs," while other meanings behave like "normal verbs."
Examples:
be – have – hear – look.

Lucy is British. Non continuous verb
Lucy is being very British. Normal verb

I have a car. Non continuous verb
I’m having breakfast now. Normal verb

He hears well. Non continuous verb
He is hearing noise. Normal verb

She looks beautiful. Non continuous verb
She is looking at the board. Normal verb

He hears well. Non continuous verb
He is hearing noise. Normal verb

She looks beautiful. Non continuous verb
She is looking at the board. Normal verb

16/08/2022

Check your understanding: 💙💙
Answers of verb tense exercise:
Simple Future and Future Perfect.
Margaret: Do you think everything will be finished when I get back from the store?
Jerry: Don't worry. By the time you get back, I (will have picked) up the living room and (will have finished) washing the dishes. Everything will be perfect when your parents arrive.
Margaret: I hope so. They (will arrive) around 6 o'clock.
Jerry: Everything (will be) spotless by the time they get here.

15/08/2022

Check your understanding: 💙💙
Verb tense exercise:
Simple Future and Future Perfect

Margaret: Do you think everything will be finished when I get back from the store?
Jerry: Don't worry. By the time you get back, I (pick) .......................... up the living room and (finish) ...................... washing the dishes. Everything will be perfect when your parents arrive.
Margaret: I hope so. They (arrive) .................. around 6 o'clock.
Jerry: Everything (be) .............. spotless by the time they get here.

15/08/2022

Future perfect tense 💙💙

Forms of future perfect: 🍒🍒🍒🍒 🍒🍒🍒🍒

[will have + past participle]
Or [am/is/are + going to have + past participle]

Examples: 🍒🍒🍒🍒 🍒🍒🍒🍒
They will (They'll) have gone to the coffee shop before they come here. (positive)
They will not (won't) have gone to the coffee shop before they come here. (negative)
Will they have gone to the coffee shop before they come here? (yes or no questions)
When will they have gone to the coffee shop? (wh. questions)

You are going to have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S. (positive)
You are not going to have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S. (negative)
Are you going to have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S? (yes or no questions)
When are you going to have perfected your English? (wh. questions)

By 5 p.m. the conference will have finished. (positive)
By 5 p.m. the conference will not have finished. (negative)
Will the conference have finished by 5 p.m.? (yes or no questions)
When will the conference have finished? (wh. questions)

The use of present perfect: 🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒
It is used for actions that will be completed before some other point in the future.

Here are some other examples for you to read to help you become more familiar with it:
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒 🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒 🍒🍒🍒

Call me at 2 p.m. I’ll have eaten lunch by then.
By next Friday we’ll have moved into our new home!
Let’s wait until 5 p.m. The game will have finished by then.
We’ll have resolved the IT problem by this afternoon.
In May she’ll have been in Australia for ten years.
By tomorrow you’ll have had five interviews with this company!
You won’t have left when I arrive, will you?
They’ll have painted the house before moving in.
What will you have done by the end of today?

02/08/2022

Choose the correct tense for each sentence then write them in English correctly :
١. استيقظت مبكرا أمس و غسلت وجهي و أسناني و تناولت فطوري ثم ذهبت إلي العمل.
٢. كنا نمشي لمدة أكثر من ساعتين قبل أن نحصل على المساعدة في النهاية.
٣. هم مسافرين جويا مساء الغد.
٤. هو لم يدرس الفن أبدا قبل أن يأتي إلى الكلية.

ليه ابني بينسى 26/06/2022

شكوى معظم الأمهات: ابني بينسي بسرعة و مش بيفتكر أي معلومة بعد تعب الشرح. إيه الأسباب و نعمل إيه؟

ليه ابني بينسى شكوى عامة من معظم أولياء الأمور (ليه ابني بينسي)ازاي أساعد ابني مينساش ازاي أساعد ابني يطور من مستوي اللغة الانجليزية

Present Simple 1 26/06/2022

مراجعة على المضارع البسيط و حل تمارين عليه.

Present Simple 1 In this video we are going to discuss some exercises on the simple present: verb to be, verb to do and verb to have. Follow us on Facebook:

Photos from English for school students's post 08/06/2022

Future continuous tense 💙💙

Future continuous has two different forms: "will be doing " and "be going to be doing." Unlike simple future forms, future continuous forms are usually interchangeable.

FORM Future Continuous with "Will"
[will be + present participle]
Examples:
You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
Will you be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You will not be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

FORM Future Continuous with "Be Going To "
[am/is/are + going to be + present participle]
Examples:
You are going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
Are you going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You are not going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

Remember: 💥💥
It is possible to use either "will" or "be going to" to create the future continuous with little difference in meaning.
Complete list of future continuous forms is shown in the picture below.

USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Future
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒
Use the future continuous to indicate that a longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time.
Examples:
I will be watching TV when she (arrives) tonight.
I will be waiting for you when your bus (arrives).
I am going to be staying at the Madison Hotel, if anything (happens) and you (need) to contact me.
He will be studying at the library tonight, so he will not see Jennifer when she (arrives).
Notice 💥 in the examples above that the interruptions (between
brackets) are in simple present rather than simple future. This is because the interruptions are in time clauses, and you cannot use future tenses in time clauses.

USE 2 Specific Time as an Interruption in the Future:
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

In USE 1, described above, the future continuous is interrupted by a short action in the future. In addition to using short actions as interruptions, you can also use a specific time as an interruption.
Examples:
Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eating dinner.
I will be in the process of eating dinner.
At midnight tonight, we will still be driving through the desert.
We will be in the process of driving through the desert.
Remember 💥💥
In the simple future, a specific time is used to show the time an action will begin or end. In the future continuous, a specific time interrupts the action.
Examples:
Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to eat dinner.
I am going to start eating at 6 PM.
Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eating dinner.
I am going to start earlier and I will be in the process of eating dinner at 6 PM.

USE 3 Parallel Actions in the Future
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

When you use the future continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions will be happening at the same time. The actions are parallel.
Examples:
I am going to be studying and he is going to be making dinner.
Tonight, they will be eating dinner, discussing their plans, and having a good time.
While Ellen is reading, Tim will be watching television.

Notice 💥 "is reading" because of the time clause containing "while."

USE 4 Atmosphere in the Future
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

In English, we often use a series of Parallel Actions to describe atmosphere at a specific point in the future.

Example:

When I arrive at the party, everybody is going to be celebrating. Some will be dancing. Others are going to be talking. A few people will be eating pizza, and several people are going to be drinking juice. They always do the same thing.

REMEMBER No Future in Time Clauses
🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟

Like all future tenses, the future continuous cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Instead of future continuous, present continuous is used.

Examples:

While I am going to be finishing my homework, she is going to make dinner. Not Correct
While I am finishing my homework, she is going to make dinner. Correct

AND REMEMBER Non-Continuous Verbs / Mixed Verbs
🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟

It is important to remember that non-continuous verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses. Also, certain non-continuous meanings for mixed verbs cannot be used in continuous tenses. Instead of using future continuous with these verbs, you must use simple future.

Examples:

Jane will be being at my house when you arrive. Not Correct
Jane will be at my house when you arrive. Correct

ADVERB PLACEMENT
🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟
The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.

Examples:

You will still be waiting for her when her plane arrives.
Will you still be waiting for her when her plane arrives?
You are still going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives.
Are you still going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives?

ACTIVE / PASSIVE
🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟

Examples:
At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be washing the dishes. Active
At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will be being washed by John. Passive
At 8:00 PM tonight, John is going to be washing the dishes. Active
At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes are going to be being washed by John. Passive

NOTE: Passive forms of the future continuous are not common.

Photos from English for school students's post 09/03/2022

Future continuous tense 💙💙

Future continuous has two different forms: "will be doing " and "be going to be doing." Unlike simple future forms, future continuous forms are usually interchangeable.

FORM Future Continuous with "Will"
[will be + present participle]
Examples:
You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
Will you be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You will not be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

FORM Future Continuous with "Be Going To "
[am/is/are + going to be + present participle]
Examples:
You are going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
Are you going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You are not going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

Remember: 💥💥
It is possible to use either "will" or "be going to" to create the future continuous with little difference in meaning.
Complete list of future continuous forms is shown in the picture below.

USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Future
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒
Use the future continuous to indicate that a longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time.
Examples:
I will be watching TV when she (arrives) tonight.
I will be waiting for you when your bus (arrives).
I am going to be staying at the Madison Hotel, if anything (happens) and you (need) to contact me.
He will be studying at the library tonight, so he will not see Jennifer when she (arrives).
Notice 💥 in the examples above that the interruptions (between
brackets) are in simple present rather than simple future. This is because the interruptions are in time clauses, and you cannot use future tenses in time clauses.

USE 2 Specific Time as an Interruption in the Future:
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

In USE 1, described above, the future continuous is interrupted by a short action in the future. In addition to using short actions as interruptions, you can also use a specific time as an interruption.
Examples:
Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eating dinner.
I will be in the process of eating dinner.
At midnight tonight, we will still be driving through the desert.
We will be in the process of driving through the desert.
Remember 💥💥
In the simple future, a specific time is used to show the time an action will begin or end. In the future continuous, a specific time interrupts the action.
Examples:
Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to eat dinner.
I am going to start eating at 6 PM.
Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eating dinner.
I am going to start earlier and I will be in the process of eating dinner at 6 PM.

USE 3 Parallel Actions in the Future
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

When you use the future continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions will be happening at the same time. The actions are parallel.
Examples:
I am going to be studying and he is going to be making dinner.
Tonight, they will be eating dinner, discussing their plans, and having a good time.
While Ellen is reading, Tim will be watching television.

Notice 💥 "is reading" because of the time clause containing "while."

USE 4 Atmosphere in the Future
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

In English, we often use a series of Parallel Actions to describe atmosphere at a specific point in the future.

Example:

When I arrive at the party, everybody is going to be celebrating. Some will be dancing. Others are going to be talking. A few people will be eating pizza, and several people are going to be drinking juice. They always do the same thing.

REMEMBER No Future in Time Clauses
🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟🌟

Like all future tenses, the future continuous cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Instead of future continuous, present continuous is used.

Examples:

While I am going to be finishing my homework, she is going to make dinner. Not Correct
While I am finishing my homework, she is going to make dinner. Correct

To be continued.............................................

21/01/2022

An amazing application for kids to practice reading English.

Photos from English for school students's post 16/01/2022

Future continuous tense 💙💙

Future continuous has two different forms: "will be doing " and "be going to be doing." Unlike simple future forms, future continuous forms are usually interchangeable.

FORM Future Continuous with "Will"
[will be + present participle]
Examples:
You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
Will you be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You will not be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

FORM Future Continuous with "Be Going To "
[am/is/are + going to be + present participle]
Examples:
You are going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
Are you going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You are not going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

Remember: 💥💥
It is possible to use either "will" or "be going to" to create the future continuous with little difference in meaning.
Complete list of future continuous forms is shown in the picture below.

USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Future
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒
Use the future continuous to indicate that a longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time.
Examples:
I will be watching TV when she (arrives) tonight.
I will be waiting for you when your bus (arrives).
I am going to be staying at the Madison Hotel, if anything (happens) and you (need) to contact me.
He will be studying at the library tonight, so he will not see Jennifer when she (arrives).
Notice 💥 in the examples above that the interruptions (between
brackets) are in simple present rather than simple future. This is because the interruptions are in time clauses, and you cannot use future tenses in time clauses.

USE 2 Specific Time as an Interruption in the Future:
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒
In USE 1, described above, the future continuous is interrupted by a short action in the future. In addition to using short actions as interruptions, you can also use a specific time as an interruption.
Examples:
Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eating dinner.
I will be in the process of eating dinner.
At midnight tonight, we will still be driving through the desert.
We will be in the process of driving through the desert.
Remember 💥💥
In the simple future, a specific time is used to show the time an action will begin or end. In the future continuous, a specific time interrupts the action.
Examples:
Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to eat dinner.
I am going to start eating at 6 PM.
Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eating dinner.
I am going to start earlier and I will be in the process of eating dinner at 6 PM.

USE 3 Parallel Actions in the Future
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒
When you use the future continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions will be happening at the same time. The actions are parallel.
Examples:
I am going to be studying and he is going to be making dinner.
Tonight, they will be eating dinner, discussing their plans, and having a good time.
While Ellen is reading, Tim will be watching television.
Notice 💥 "is reading" because of the time clause containing "while."

To be continued .......

Photos from English for school students's post 07/01/2022

Future continuous tense 💙💙

Future continuous has two different forms: "will be doing " and "be going to be doing." Unlike simple future forms, future continuous forms are usually interchangeable.

FORM Future Continuous with "Will"
[will be + present participle]

Examples:

You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
Will you be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You will not be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

FORM Future Continuous with "Be Going To "
[am/is/are + going to be + present participle]

Examples:

You are going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
Are you going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You are not going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

Remember: 💥💥
It is possible to use either "will" or "be going to" to create the future continuous with little difference in meaning.

Complete list of future continuous forms is shown in the picture below.

USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Future
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

Use the future continuous to indicate that a longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time.

Examples:

I will be watching TV when she (arrives) tonight.
I will be waiting for you when your bus (arrives).
I am going to be staying at the Madison Hotel, if anything (happens) and you (need) to contact me.
He will be studying at the library tonight, so he will not see Jennifer when she (arrives).

Notice 💥 in the examples above that the interruptions (between
brackets) are in simple present rather than simple future. This is because the interruptions are in time clauses, and you cannot use future tenses in time clauses.

USE 2 Specific Time as an Interruption in the Future: 🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

In USE 1, described above, the future continuous is interrupted by a short action in the future. In addition to using short actions as interruptions, you can also use a specific time as an interruption.

Examples:

Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eating dinner.
I will be in the process of eating dinner.

At midnight tonight, we will still be driving through the desert.
We will be in the process of driving through the desert.

Remember 💥💥
In the simple future, a specific time is used to show the time an action will begin or end. In the future continuous, a specific time interrupts the action.

Examples:

Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to eat dinner.
I am going to start eating at 6 PM.

Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eating dinner.
I am going to start earlier and I will be in the process of eating dinner at 6 PM.

To be continued ........

Photos from English for school students's post 04/01/2022

Future continuous tense 💙💙

Future continuous has two different forms: "will be doing " and "be going to be doing." Unlike simple future forms, future continuous forms are usually interchangeable.

FORM Future Continuous with "Will"
[will be + present participle]

Examples:

You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
Will you be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You will not be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

FORM Future Continuous with "Be Going To "
[am/is/are + going to be + present participle]

Examples:

You are going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
Are you going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You are not going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

Remember 💥: It is possible to use either "will" or "be going to" to create the future continuous with little difference in meaning.

Complete list of future continuous forms is shown in the picture below.

USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Future
🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

Use the future continuous to indicate that a longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time.

Examples:

I will be watching TV when she (arrives) tonight.
I will be waiting for you when your bus (arrives).
I am going to be staying at the Madison Hotel, if anything (happens) and you (need) to contact me.
He will be studying at the library tonight, so he will not see Jennifer when she (arrives).

Notice 💥 in the examples above that the interruptions (between brackets) are in simple present rather than simple future. This is because the interruptions are in time clauses, and you cannot use future tenses in time clauses.

To be continued ........

Photos from English for school students's post 22/12/2021

Future continuous tense 💙💙

Future continuous has two different forms: "will be doing " and "be going to be doing." Unlike simple future forms, future continuous forms are usually interchangeable.

نستخدم المستقبل المستمر للمواقف التي ستحدث في المستقبل و تستمر لفترة زمنية.

FORM Future Continuous with "Will"
[will be + present participle]

Examples:

You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
أنت سوف تكون منتظرها عندما تصل طائرتها الليلة.
Will you be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You will not be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

FORM Future Continuous with "Be Going To "
[am/is/are + going to be + present participle]

Examples:

You are going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
Are you going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?
You are not going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.

REMEMBER: It is possible to use either "will" or "be going to" to create the future continuous with little difference in meaning.

Complete list of future continuous forms is shown in the picture below.

07/12/2021

We've finished studying the four parts of the present tense and the four parts of the past tense.
Now, let's start studying the four parts of the future tense which are:
Simple future tense.
Future continuous tense.
Future perfect tense.
Future perfect continuous tense.

Simple future tense 💙💙

Simple future has two different forms in English: "will" and "be going to." Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two very different meanings. These different meanings might seem too abstract at first, but with time and practice, the differences will become clear. Both "will" and "be going to" refer to a specific time in the future.

المستقبل البسيط له شكلين (will, be going to). عادة كل واحد منهم يعبر عن معني مختلف. مع الوقت و الممارسة الفروق بينهم هتصبح أوضح.

FORM Will ♦♦♦♦♦♦
[will + VERB]

Examples:

You will help him later.
Will you help him later?
You will not help him later.

FORM Be Going To ♦♦♦♦♦♦
[am/is/are + going to + VERB]

Examples:

You are going to meet Jane tonight.
Are you going to meet Jane tonight?
You are not going to meet Jane tonight.

Complete list of simple future tense forms is shown in the pictures below.

Uses of simple future ♦♦♦♦♦♦

USE 1 "Will" to Express a Voluntary Action 🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

"Will" often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily. A voluntary action is one the speaker offers to do for someone else. Often, we use "will" to respond to someone else's complaint or request for help. We also use "will" when we request that someone help us or volunteer to do something for us. Similarly, we use "will not" or "won't" when we refuse to voluntarily do something.

نستخدم will للعمل التطوعي. العمل التطوعي هو من يعرضه المتكلم على شخص آخر. غالبا نستخدم "Will" للرد على شكوى شخص آخر أو طلب المساعدة. ونستخدم أيضا "will" عندما نطلب من شخص ما مساعدتنا أو التطوع للقيام بشيء من أجلنا. وبالمثل، نستخدم "لن" عندما نرفض القيام بشيء ما تطوعا.

Examples:

I will send you the information when I get it.
I will translate the email, so Mr. Smith can read it.
Will you help me move this heavy table?
Will you make dinner?
I will not do your homework for you.
I won't do all the housework myself!

A: I'm really hungry.
B: I'll make some sandwiches.

A: I'm so tired. I'm about to fall asleep.
B: I'll get you some coffee.

A: The phone is ringing.
B: I'll get it.

USE 2 "Will" to Express a Promise 🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

"Will" is usually used in promises.
غالباً نستخدم will للتعبير عن الوعود.

Examples:

I will call you when I arrive.
If I am elected President of the United States, I will make sure everyone has access to inexpensive health insurance.
I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party.
Don't worry, I'll be careful.
I won't tell anyone your secret.

USE 3 "WIl" in the first conditional. 🍒🍒🍒🍒

We use the simple future with 'will' in the first conditional, and in other sentences that have a conditional feeling.
نستخدم will في القاعدة الأولي ل if.

Examples:
If it doesn't rain, we'll go to the park.
Let's arrive early. That will give us time to relax.

USE 4 "Be going to" to Express a Plan or Intensions. 🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

"Be going to" expresses that something is a plan. It expresses the idea that a person intends to do something in the future. It does not matter whether the plan is realistic or not.

غالباً نستخدم be going to للتعبير عن الخطط أو النيات المستقبلية و التي يتم التحضير لها مسبقا أي أننا لم نقررها لحظة الحوار و إنما من قبل حدوث الحوار و نحن نرتب لها.

Examples:

He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii.
She is not going to spend her vacation in Hawaii.

A: When are we going to meet each other tonight?
B: We are going to meet at 6 PM.

I'm going to be an actor when I grow up.
Michelle is going to begin medical school next year.
They are going to drive all the way to Alaska.
Who are you going to invite to the party?

A: Who is going to make John's birthday cake?
B: Sue is going to make John's birthday cake.

USE 5 "Will, be going to" to express a predictions. 🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

Remember that:

We use "will" to express predictions without evidence.
نستخدم will للتنبؤات بدون أدلة وقت الكلام.
Examples:
The sun will rise at 7am. No evidence.
I think the Conservatives will win the next election. No evidence.

We use "be going to" to express predictions with evidence that can be seen at the present.
نستخدم be going to للتنبؤات مع وجود الأدلة في الوقت الحاضر وقت الكلام.
Examples:
Look at those boys playing football! They're going to break the window. Playing football is evidence.
The sky is getting darker and darker. It's going to rain. Darkness of the sky is evidence.

Use 6 "present continuous tense" to Express near future 🍒🍒🍒🍒🍒

نستخدم الحاضر المستمر للتعبير عن الخطط المستقبلية القريبة جداً.

We use the present continuous tense for near future arrangements. Often, it doesn't really matter if we choose 'be going to' or the present continuous. In the following example, there is really very little difference in meaning:

I'm going to the cinema tonight.
I'm going to go to the cinema tonight.

خلاصة ما سبق
نستخدم will للتعبير عن العمل التطوعي و الوعود و في القاعدة الأولي ل if و التنبؤات دون أدلة وقت الحوار. ٤ استخدامات
نستخدم be going to للتعبير عن الخطط أو النيات المستقبلية و التنبؤات شرط وجود أدلة وقت الحوار و للمستقبل القريب. ٣ استخدامات
نستخدم المضارع المستمر للمستقبل القريب بالإضافة ل be going to.

💥💥💥💥

Using the simple present for the future tense: 🍒🍒🍒🍒

Sometimes we use the simple present for the future scheduled events
أحياناً نستخدم المضارع البسيط للتعبير عن الأحداث المستقبلية المجدولة ( المستندة إلى جدول أو برنامج زمني محدد مسبقاً ).

We use the simple present for the Future in order to indicate that a future event is scheduled.
Something is “scheduled” when it is on a timetable, written in someone’s diary…
Examples:
Transport: “The train leaves at 10pm”
Entertainment: “The film starts at 7pm”
Scheduled plans: “I leave for Panama next week”
Things that will happen at a particular moment in the future because that’s when they always happen: “I start work at 8 tomorrow”

Using shall for the future tense: 🍒🍒🍒🍒

Sometimes we use shall for the future tense. It is more formal than Will.
It can be used for decisions at the moment.
Examples:
I shall call the police.
He shall attend the meeting.
You shall not pass this point.
You shan't pass this point (not used in American English).

It can be used for polite questions (offers and suggestions).
It is strange to use "you" in this case.
Examples:
Shall we?
Shall I clean the kitchen?
Shall we bring drinks?

Finished.

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